Сборники Художественной, Технической, Справочной, Английской, Нормативной, Исторической, и др. литературы.

SF&F encyclopedia (Y-Y)

[r] JAPAN.

US FANZINE. 259 issues 1953-86; ed from Indiana by Robert and Juanita
COULSON, the last 2 issues by Robert Coulson alone, last issue not
distributed until 1991. Originally published as Eisfa, Y was one of the
longest-running large fanzines. Its contents, in the normal tradition,
were not restricted to sf but included regular columns, articles, reviews
and letters. Y won the 1965 HUGO for Best Fanzine. [PR/RH]


(1942- ) US writer and composer, active in the mystery and occult genres
as well as sf. In the 1980s she became (and has remained) best known for
the Saint-Germain sequence of fantasies about a sympathetic immortal
vampire of aristocratic birth. Set in Europe and elsewhere over a span of
centuries, the main sequence comprises Hotel Transylvania: A Novel of
Forbidden Love (1978), The Palace (1978), Blood Games (1980), Path of the
Eclipse (1981), Tempting Fate (1982), The Saint-Germain Chronicles (coll
of linked stories 1983; exp vt The Vampire Stories 1994), Out of the House
of Life (1990), The Spider Glass (1991 chap), Darker Jewels (1993) and
Better in the Dark (1993); a subsidiary sequence, the Atta Olivia Clemens
books, about Saint-Germain's vampire lover, comprises A Flame in Byzantium
(1987), Crusader's Torch (1988) and A Candle for D'Artagnan (1989). As
both sequences have progressed, CQY has decreasingly concentrated upon the
vampirism of her protagonists and spent much more energy establishing some
historical verisimilitude for the territories visited, sticking more and
more frequently to the end of the Roman Empire.In other words, CQY has
moved a significant distance from sf - which she began publishing with
"The Posture of Prophecy" for If in 1969 - and seems unlikely to return
except casually. Her most significant sf work, most of it decidedly more
pessimistic about the world than her tales set in the past, came early.
The stories assembled in Cautionary Tales (coll 1978) share an energetic
starkness, a tendency for her characters - as James TIPTREE Jr remarked in
the introduction to the book - to engage in rather arousing operatic duets
and tirades, and a genuinely DYSTOPIAN vision of times to come; some other
tales of interest were assembled in Signs & Portents (coll 1984). Her
first sf novel, Time of the Fourth Horseman (1976) - in which a plan to
head off OVERPOPULATION by reinfecting children with various diseases gets
radically out of hand - confirmed this sense of her work; as did False
Dawn (in Strange Bedfellows [anth 1973] ed Thomas N. SCORTIA; exp 1978),
which is set further into the future and likewise deals with a world
ravaged by mutated diseases. Nor did Hyacinths (1983), set in a
NEAR-FUTURE dystopian USA characterized by a wrecked economy and mind
control, modify the sense that CQY was an author entirely in control of
what she wished to say, and in what genre. Sf was a genre which enabled
her to look forward into the dark, once in a while. For the most part, she
has gazed elsewhere. [JC]Other works: The Ogilvie, Tallant & Moon
detective series, with fantasy elements, comprising Ogilvie, Tallant &
Moon (1976; vt Bad Medicine 1990), False Notes (1991), Poison Fruit (1991)
and Cat's Claw (1992); the Michael series of occult quasifictional tracts,
comprising Messages from Michael on the Nature of the Evolution of the
Human Soul (1979) and More Messages from Michael (1986); Dead & Buried *
(1980), a film tie; Bloodgames (1980); Sins of Omission (1980); Ariosto:
Ariosto Furioso, a Romance for an Alternate Renaissance (1980); On Saint
Hubert's Thing (1982 chap); CQY (1982 chap); The Godforsaken (1983); A
Mortal Glamour (1985); Nomads * (1984), a film tie; Locadio's Apprentice
(1984); Four Horses for Tishtry (1985); To the High Redoubt (1985); A
Baroque Fable (1986); Floating Illusions (1986); Firecode (1987); Taji's
Syndrome (1988), an sf medical horror novel; Beastnights (1989); The Law
in Charity (1989), a Western; Crown of Empire (1994), essentially by her,
but #4 in the Crisis of Empire sequence created by David DRAKE.As Vanessa
Pryor: A Taste of Wine (1982), associational.As Editor: Two Views of
Wonder (anth 1974) with Thomas N. SCORTIA.See also: ARTS; DISASTER; GOTHIC

(1923-1985) UK-born author, in Australia from 1948, who was best known
for his long series of detections under the house name Carter Brown; he
wrote also as Tom Conway, Dennis Sinclair, Paul Valdez and Peter Yates. He
began to write sf - usually to rigid formula - with some short stories
around 1950, with G.C. Bleeck, for THRILLS INCORPORATED; and with a series
of short novels in the Scientific Thriller sequence, not all of which have
been examined, but many of which contain sf (and sometimes supernatural)
elements. Not all titles in the following list, therefore, may be of genre
interest; all are as by Paul Valdez: Hypnotic Death (1949 chap); The Fatal
Focus (1950 chap); The Time Thief (1951 chap); Flight into Horror (1951
chap); Killer by Night (1951 chap); Ghosts Don't Kill (1951 chap); Satan's
Sabbath (1951 chap); You Can't Keep Murder Out (1951 chap); Kill Him
Gently (1951 chap); Celluloid Suicide (1951 chap); The Murder I Don't
Remember(1952 chap); There's No Future in Murder (1952 chap); The Crook
Who Wasn't There (1952 chap); Maniac Murders (1952 chap) and Feline
Frame-Up (1952 chap). Under his own name, AGY released only one sf
title,Coriolanus, the Chariot! (1978 US), set on a planetoid called
Thespos where - in quarantine enforced by a fearful Galactic Federation -
actors learn to become shape-changing illusionists. Within Thespos,
PARANOIA and VIRTUAL-REALITY-like manipulations flourish, the Tarot and
the world of Shakespeare intermingle, and the protagonist, having gained
supremacy in the toxic game, determines to break out. Florid and intense,
the book is unlike anything else AGY ever wrote, unless some of the
Scientific Thriller titles prove more than routine. Booty for a Babe
(1956) as by Peter Carter Brown, though not sf, has RECURSIVE elements,
being set at an sf CONVENTION. [JC]

(1907-1972) Russian paleontologist and writer, a leading figure in the
renaissance of Soviet sf ( RUSSIA). He began writing "geographical" sf on
a modest scale in the 1940s, assembling his early work in Vstretcha Nad
Tuskaroroi (coll 1944; trans M. and N. Nicholas as A Meeting Over
Tuscarora 1946 UK), Piat' Rumbo ["Five Wind's Quarters"] (coll 1944) and
elsewhere. Some of the contents of the 1st vol overlap with those
assembled in Stories (coll trans Ovidii Gorchakov 1954 Russia); new to
this were 2 novellas, "Zviozdnyie Korabli" (1947; trans as "Shadow of the
Past") and "Ten' Minuvshego" (trans as "Stellar Ships"), in which
paleontologists make discoveries which offer them glimpses of spectacular
possibilities, with hints of interstellar travel. Another important
novella, "Cor Serpentis (Serdtse Zmei)" (1959), appeared as the title
story of The Heart of the Serpent (anth trans R. Prokofieva 1961 Russia;
vt More Soviet Science Fiction 1962 US, with new intro by Isaac ASIMOV);
it is an ideological reply to Murray LEINSTER's "First Contact" (1945),
dissenting from the attitude of suspicious hostility manifest in
Leinster's story and contending that people "mature" enough to undertake
interstellar exploration will have put such anxieties (the alleged result
of alienation under capitalism) behind them.It would be difficult to
overestimate the importance to Soviet sf (and sf in Eastern Europe) of
IY's first novel, the utopian Tumannost' Andromedy (1958; trans George
Hanna as Andromeda 1959 Russia; filmed in 1968 as TUMANNOST' ANDROMEDY), a
full-scale panorama of the FAR FUTURE, the first (and one of the few)
attempts by a Communist writer to create a literary model of the ideal
socialist state envisioned by Marx. In his last published novel, IY
returned to the future HISTORY begun in Andromeda; but Chas Byka ["The
Hour of the Bull"] (1968; exp 1970) was banned almost immediately upon
publication, due to its dystopian mood and to some hints of an
eco-catastrophe ( ECOLOGY) caused mostly by the ignorant, corrupt and
tyrannical ruling elite. The book interestingly confronts a "communist
UTOPIA" with a "capitalist DYSTOPIA" in a structure similar to that
employed by Ursula K. LE GUIN in The Dispossessed (1974). Other novels
include Lezvie Britvy ["The Razor's Edge"] (1963), a large borderline-sf
"experimental" tale, and historical novels about the ancient civilizations
of Egypt and Greece: Na Kraiu Oikumeny (1949; trans George Hanna as The
Land of Foam 1957 Russia) and Tais Afinskaia ["Thais of Athens"] (1968).In
the introduction to Stories IY produced a manifesto for Soviet sf: "To try
to lift the curtain of mystery over these roads, to speak of scientific
achievements yet to come as realities, and in this way to lead the reader
to the most advanced outposts of science - such are the tasks of
science-fiction, as I see them. But they do not exhaust the aims of Soviet
science-fiction: its philosophy is to serve the development of the
imagination and creative faculty of our people as an asset in the study of
social life; and its chief aim is to search for the new, and through this
search to gain an insight into the future." The emphasis here is
significantly different from that in most US DEFINITIONS OF SF, stressing
as it does the social role of sf as an imaginative endeavour. [BS/VG]See

(? - ) French writer whose L'homme, cette maladie (1954; trans as The
Trembling Tower 1956 UK) depicts the inter-dimensional relationship
between Earth and another world via a lighthouse. [JC]


(1948- ) US writer who began publishing sf with "The Selchey Kids" for If
in 1968. Most of his books have been juveniles, including an sf novel,
Sweetwater (1973), set in a dying city on a strange planet, and the highly
successful Dragonwings (1975), a non-sf story about Chinese-Americans that
won several awards in the field; Child of the Owl (1977) is also about
Chinese-Americans. A later fantasy series, the Shimmer and Thorn sequence
- Dragon of the Lost Sea (1982), Dragon Steel (1985), Dragon Cauldron
(1991) and Dragon War (1992) - as well as Monster Makers, Inc. (1986),
which is about GENETIC ENGINEERING, were also for children; The Rainbow
People (coll 1989) assembles juvenile stories rewritten from
Chinese-American folktales. Throughout these books a melancholy
sensitivity is generally permitted to discover material for quiet
affirmation, and LY's own Chinese-American background can be easily
discerned, especially when ALIENS are being treated. His 1st adult sf
novel, Seademons (1977), tells of colonists on another world and of their
relation to the beings there, evoking an atmosphere of strangeness in a
nuanced prose. His 2nd is a Star Trek tie, The Shadow Lord * (1985).
[JC/PN]Other works: The Ghost Fox (1994 chap), a juvenile.See also: ARTS;

[r] Leroy YERXA.

(1915-1946) US writer for the PULP MAGAZINES, particularly the ZIFF-DAVIS
productions AMZ and Fantastic Adventures. He published as LY, as Elroy
Arno, and under the house names Richard CASEY and Alexander BLADE,
beginning with "Death Rides at Night" for AMZ in 1942 as LY, and
contributing prolifically until his death. The Freddie Funk series in
Fantastic Adventures, from "Freddie Funk's Madcap Mermaid" (1943) to
"Freddie Funk's Flippant Fairies" (1948), was completed by his wife,
Frances Yerxa, who also wrote some stories solo, and married William L.

(vt Eyes without a Face; vt The Horror Chamber of Dr Faustus US) Film
(1959). Champs-Elysees/Lux. Dir Georges Franju, starring Pierre Brasseur,
Alida Valli, Edith Scob. Screenplay Jean Redon, Franju, Claude Sautet,
Pierre Boileau, Thomas Narcejac, from a novel by Redon. 95 mins, cut to 88
mins, further cut to 84 mins. B/w.Released in the USA under the schlock
"Horror Chamber" title and condemned in the UK as outrageous and
disgusting, this is, though the inspiration for many a subsequent
exploitation movie, actually an austere and poetic work in the surrealist
tradition, even in its use of stereotyped plot devices from pulp horror
fiction. The sf element is advanced plastic surgery: a surgeon (Brasseur),
guilty over his daughter's (Scob's) facial disfigurement (she wears a
mask) in an accident for which he was responsible, uses his assistant
(Valli) to kidnap young women; he attempts, without success, to transfer
their faces to his daughter; she goes mad and releases his experimental
dogs; they chew his face off; she drifts away surrounded by doves. Scob's
wistful, masked performance is extraordinary, as is Maurice Jarre's
gravely classical film score. [PN]


(1937- ) US scholar and writer, much of whose early work was concerned
with Roger ZELAZNY, including Roger Zelazny (1979), a critical study, and
Roger Zelazny and Andre Norton: Proponents of Individualism (1979 chap).
Death and the Serpent: Immortality in Science Fiction (anth 1985) with
Donald M. HASSLER and Phoenix from the Ashes: The Literature of the Remade
World (anth 1988) are carefully conceived examinations of the sf themes of

(1939- ) US writer who began publishing poems and articles when still in
college, and who first came to notice with books for children, the first
of many being Pirates in Petticoats (1963). Of her c120 titles to date,
most are for children (see listing below for some of these), and much of
her adult fiction is FANTASY, told in a style whose accomplished and
eloquent transparency often conveys a sense that folktales are being
recollected in tranquillity. Tales of Wonder (coll 1983) assembles typical
work for adults, some of it sf; as does Merlin's Booke (coll of linked
stories 1986), set in the world of the eponymous magus. The Pit Dragon
trilogy for young adults - Dragon's Blood (1982), Heart's Blood (1984) and
A Sending of Dragons (1987) - is set on another planet, but is devoted
primarily to the breeding and training of dragons ( SUPERNATURAL
CREATURES), though the sequence eventually moves into more complex
political territory. The Great Alta sequence - Sister Light, Sister Dark
(1988) and White Jenna (1989), assembled as The Book of Great Alta (omni
1990) - is adult fantasy; and Briar Rose (1992) is a Twice-Told version of
the tale of Sleeping Beauty, set within the context of the Final Solution,
and ultimately amenable to a non-fantasy reading. Her most sf-like novel,
Cards of Grief (fixup 1984), is a sophisticated PLANETARY ROMANCE in which
an intense and story-bound race is observed by humans from an off-planet
station, and is inevitably affected by the interaction of species. In none
of JY's work, however, is there a sense that sf dominates the sometimes
complex generic mix; she is a fantasy writer who visits sf. [JC]Other
works include: The Witch who Wasn't (1964); the 6 Commander Toad
picture-book sf tales for younger children, beginning with Commander Toad
in Space (1980 chap); The Robot and Rebecca (1980); The Boy who Spoke
Chimp (1981); Dragonfield (coll 1985); Wizard's Hall (1991); The Sword and
the Stone (1985 FSF; 1991 chap); Wings (1991); Storyteller (coll 1992);
Here There be Dragons (coll 1993); Here There be Unicorns (coll 1994).As
Editor: Zoo 2000 (anth 1973); Shape Shifters (anth 1978); 2041 A.D. (anth
1991); 5 anths ed with Martin H. GREENBERG (whom see for details); the
Xanadu series of original fantasy anthologies, comprising Xanadu (anth
1993), Xanadu 2 (anth 1994) and Xanadu 3 (anth 1995).Nonfiction: Touch
Magic: Fantasy, Faerie and Folklore in the Literature of Childhood (1981).

Harold Ernest KELLY.

[r] Claude H. WETMORE.


Working name of US writer, and officer in the American diplomatic
service, James MaxwellYoung (1951- ),whose first novel, The Face of
theDeep (1979), is set in a medieval environment which - it soon
becomesclear - is located on the planet Bok II, and is threatened by an
exploding sun.The style is gritty, theaction compressed; and JY's
departure from the field - he had also been involved in the
activeMinneapolis scene which eventually gave birth to the group of
fantasy writers known as theScribblies - was regrettable.Fortunately,
Armed Memory (1995), marks his return tothe field. [JC]

(1915- ) UK sociologist and writer whose Family and Kinship in East
London (1957), with Peter Willmott, had a seminal effect on
community-planning priorities. His sf work, The Rise of the Meritocracy
1870-2033: An Essay on Education and Equality (1958), not only gave the
word "meritocracy" to the language but extensively defined it: a
meritocracy is an elite whose members are recruited on the basis of merit
(largely INTELLIGENCE) in a competitive educational system; it is also, as
the book sardonically emphasizes, a form of government. The book itself
takes the form of a report written in AD2033 by an historical sociologist
(its only character in any ordinary sense); and some libraries have
catalogued it as nonfiction. Though the narrator supports the system he
describes, it is quite clear that MY does not; the book is a subtle and
interesting DYSTOPIA. Its ending, in which the narrator is reported as
killed in a populist revolt, is ironic and mutedly apocalyptic. [PN/JC]See

Robert PAYNE.

(1915-1986) US writer who turned full-time after engaging in a number of
menial occupations. His first sf story was "The Black Deep Thou Wingest"
for Startling Stories in 1953, and he published short work quite
prolifically for the next 3 decades. RFY was a slick, polished writer; his
stories are readable, although often superficial. The best generally
appeared in FSF, although he wrote also for most of the US sf magazines
and for the Saturday Evening Post and others. His modes ranged from the
heavily satiric - typified by a series of stories, "Chrome Pastures"
(1956), "Thirty Days Had September" (1957) and "Romance in a Twenty-First
Century Used Car Lot" (1960), in which the US automobile mania is
extrapolated to absurd extremes - to the strongly allegorical, in such
tales as "Goddess in Granite" (1957); but a romantic sensibility, at rare
intervals mawkish, permeated all his work. His earlier stories were
assembled in The Worlds of Robert F. Young (coll 1965) and A Glass of
Stars (coll 1968); the numerous tales published after 1968 remain
uncollected. After a novel released only in French, La Quete de la Sainte
Grille (1964 AMZ as "The Quest of the Holy Grille"; exp 1975 France), RFY
published in Starfinder (fixup 1980) a stirringly romantic SPACE OPERA
whose main device - riding to the STARS within the bodies of dead "space
whales" - is powerfully evocative; it is by far his best novel in English.
The Last Yggdrasil (1959 FSF as "To Fell a Tree"; exp 1982), an
over-extended novel version of a strong story, seems sentimental in
contrast, failing to impart much plausibility to the story of a
tree-cutter on a colony planet who is hired to kill the one huge remaining
tree in the area, to the entirely predictable detriment of the planet's
ECOLOGY. RFY's final novels - Eridahn (1964 If as "When Time was New"; exp
1983), which features TIME TRAVEL into prehistory, and The Vizier's Second
Daughter (1965 AMZ as "City of Brass"; exp 1985), a humorous fantasy -
neither built nor detracted from his reputation. He will be best
remembered for some of the acerbic short tales of his early career.

Film (1988). Serious Productions. Prod/dir Yahoo Serious, starring
Serious, Odile Le Clezio, John Howard. Screenplay Serious, David Roach. 91
mins. Colour.In an alternate 1905, Albert Einstein, a young Tasmanian
apple farmer, discovers that E = mc(2), splits the beer atom, meets and is
loved by Marie Curie, has his formula stolen, invents the surfboard, the
electric guitar and rock'n'roll, and saves the world. Serious and his
rather narcissistic film both strain too hard to be likable, and both are
soft-centred and not especially funny. [PN]


Film (1967). Eon/United Artists. Dir Lewis Gilbert, starring Sean
Connery, Donald Pleasence, Akiko Wakabayashi, Tetsuro Tamba, Mie Hama.
Screenplay Roald DAHL, based very loosely on You Only Live Twice (1964) by
Ian FLEMING. 116 mins. Colour.Several of Fleming's James Bond novels were
TECHNOTHRILLERS, mildly sf-oriented (though set in the present) and
sometimes featuring scientist VILLAINS and superweapons. Most of the very
popular and long-lasting series of spin-off movies have emphasized -
although less so, perhaps, in the mid-1980s - the sf gadgetry, and have
often provided at least one major futuristic set: these include DR NO
(1962), Goldfinger (1964), Thunderball (1965), On Her Majesty's Secret
Service (1969), Diamonds are Forever (1971), The Man with the Golden Gun
(1974), The Spy Who Loved Me (1977), Never Say Never Again (1983) and A
View to a Kill (1985) as well as the spoof Casino Royale (1967). Along
with MOONRAKER (1979), YOLT contains the most sf hardware. A US satellite
is swallowed up by a mystery craft in outer space. The super-criminal
organization SPECTRE has constructed a secret rocket base inside a
Japanese volcano from which it launches its bizarre vehicle to capture
both US and Russian spacecraft, in an attempt to provoke a war between the
two nations. James Bond (Connery), with the help of Japanese secret
agents, foils SPECTRE's plans. Despite the spectacular sets - which
upstage the humans, even the always-efficient Connery - and vast budget,
there are longeurs in pacing and lapses in the special effects. [JB/PN]See
also: CINEMA.

(? -? ) US writer whose A Manless World (1891) speculates about what
might happen to the human species were an interstellar gas to have
destroyed sexual desire in everyone except - it is mooted - the Jews, who
might find an elixir: riots and pogroms would occur; the race would
vanish. In a manner not uncommon to 19th-century fiction of this sort, the
tale is told in an "as if" mode, and claims to do no more than present the
speculative thoughts of an embittered old man. [JC]

At the time of going to press, it is not clear what the future status of
Yugoslavia will be - if, indeed, there will be even a rump territory left
with that name.Yugoslavia was established as a nation in 1918, but the
first sf works in 2 of its 3 linguistic areas - the Serbocroat and the
Slovenian - long predated that. The first sf book to appear in Serbocroat
was the translation in 1873 of Jules VERNE's Voyage au centre de la terre
(1864), while the first sf work by a native author was the drama "Posle
milijon godina" ["A Million Years After"] (1889 in the magazine Kolo) by
Dragutin Ilic. This is one of the earliest fully sf plays published
anywhere in the world ( THEATRE). In 1902 Lazar Komarcic published a work
of extreme modernity for its time and place: the most exciting passages of
Olaf STAPLEDON are anticipated in his Jedna ugasena zvezda ["One
Extinguished Star"] (1902).In the period up to the beginning of WWII, the
most important sf novels were Kroz vasionu i vekove ["Through the Universe
and Centuries"] (1928) by Milutin Milankovic, Gospodin covjek ["Man, the
Noble"] (1932) by Mate Hanzekovic, and Zivot u vasioni ["Life in the
Universe"] (1933) by Stojan Radonic. In the 1930s a number of sf novels
were published in instalments in periodicals; these novels were,
generally, imitations of popular sf classics, signed mostly by pseudonyms.
Of these, 3 by "Aldion Degal" are the most noteworthy: "Atomska raketa"
["An Atomic Rocket"] (1930), "Zrake smrti" ["Death Rays"] (1932) and
"Smaragdni skarabej" ["The Emerald Scarab"] (1934). In 1935 the first
Yugoslav COMIC strip was published: Gost iz svemira ["The Guest from Outer
Space"], by Bozidar Rasic and Leontije Bjelski.In the 1950s the first
specialized sf publishing imprints appeared - Biblioteka fantasticnih
romana, Fantasticni romani and Lajka - but this was an era dominated by
translations of Russian sf novels in the mode of "socialist realism" (
RUSSIA). Yugoslav sf authors published during this period were writing
mostly for a juvenile readership. The first of importance in the post-WWII
period were Zvonimir Furtinger and Mladen Bjazic, who set the tone of the
first half of the 1960s with novels like Osvajac 2 se ne javlja
["Conqueror II Fails to Report"] (1959) and Svemirska nevjesta ["The Space
Bride"] (1960). In that decade new sf book imprints began to publish
translations of contemporary US and UK sf authors. The most important is
Kentaur, with nearly 100 translations of major sf books published since
1967. By the end of the 1960s the first Yugoslav sf magazine, Kosmoplov
["Spaceship"], had appeared; it ran for 24 issues 1969-70. The founder of
this magazine, Gavrilo Vuckovicc, in 1972 also founded Galaksija
["Galaxy"] magazine, which had an sf section almost continually during the
next 18 years.In 1976 the important sf magazine Sirius started; mainly as
a monthly and ed most often by Borivoje Jurkovic, it achieved 164 issues
(it ended in Jan 1990), regularly publishing Yugoslav sf in addition to
translations. Yugoslav sf had its moment of international triumph, too, in
the 1970s: the film Izbavitelj ["Saviour"] (1977; vt The Rat Saviour), dir
Krsto Papic, won the main, Golden Asteroid, award at the Trieste Film
Festival that year. A second Yugoslav film later received an award at this
festival: Posjetioci iz galaksije Arkana ["Visitors from the Arcana
Galaxy"] (1980) dir by the Oscar-winning Dusan Vukotic.The 1980s were
years decisively marked by the arrival of private as opposed to
state-owned publishing houses and by the emergence of many young sf
authors. In 1982 Zoran ZIVKOVIC andZika Bogdanovic started a privately
published sf imprint, Polaris, which specialized in rapidly taking up new
sf hits; among the books whose world 1st edns have been under this imprint
is 2010: Odyssey Two (1982) by Arthur C. CLARKE. Another private series,
Znak Sagite ["The Sign of the Sagitta"], founded 1985 by Boban Knezevic,
also brought out some important sf books.Though there are as yet only
part-time sf writers in Yugoslavia, several of the authors who made their
debut in the 1980s have the potential to become full-time. These include
Damir Mikulicic, author of O ["O"] (coll 1982); Predrag Raos, author of
Brodolom kod Thule ["Shipwreck at Thule"] (1978), Mnogo vike nizasto
["Much Shouting about Nothing"] (1985) and Null Effort (1990); Slobodan
Curcic, author of Sume, kise, grad i zvezde ["Forests, Rains, the City and
the Stars"] (1988); Dragan Filipovic, author of Oreska ["Oreska"] (1987)
and Zlatna knjiga ["The Golden Book"] (1988). Recently some widely
acclaimed mainstream writers have entered the sf field. Borislav Pekic,
for example, has published 3 sf novels: Besnilo ["Rabid"] (1983), 1999
(1984) and Atlantida ["Atlantis"] (1988).Young Yugoslav sf comic-strip
artists, most prominently Zeljko Pahek, Igor Kordej and Zoran Janjetov,
are published not only at home but also in other European countries.
Successful GENRE-SF artists such as Bob Zivkovic also appear. Sf has also
entered academic circles; after initial pioneering studies in the sf genre
by Ivan Foht and Darko SUVIN, 3 men have since the 1970s successfully
defended MA and doctoral dissertations about sf: Ferid Muhic, Zoran
Zivkovic and Aleksandar B. Nedeljkovic. After the mid-1970s, FANDOM began
to flourish, and a number of local and international CONVENTIONS were
organized. There are many clubs and societies. [ZZ]


Working name of US writer and photographer Jerome Yulsman (? - ), of whom
little is known beyond his signed cheesecake photographs from as early as
1957 for magazines like True Adventures, and for his authorship of the
impressively suave and moody ALTERNATE-WORLD tale Elleander Morning
(1984), in which the assassination of Hitler as a young man in Vienna
generates a differing 20th century. H.G. WELLS makes a RECURSIVE
appearance in the complex tale, which is set partly in 1913 and partly in
the transformed 1980s. It has also been suggested - though not confirmed -
that JY wrote a series of sex novels under a pseudonym or pseudonyms about
the erotic Lady Jenny Eversleigh. [JC]

[r] JAPAN.

Chester BROWN.


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