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English language - Dictionaries W...

                         Oxford English Reference

                      British Library Cataloguing Data
         The concise Oxford dictionary of current English.--8th ed.
                     1. English language--Dictionaries
                 I. Allen, R. E. (Robert Edward), 1944-423
                       ISBN 0-19-861243-5 thumb index
                          ISBN 0-19-861200-1 plain

1.0 W...

   W(1)      n.  (also w) (pl.  Ws or W's) the twenty-third letter of the

   W(2)      abbr.  (also W.) 1 watt(s).  2 West; Western.  3 women's (size).
             4 Welsh.

   W(3)      symb.  Chem.  the element tungsten.

   w.        abbr.  1 wicket(s).  2 wide(s).  3 with.  4 wife.

2.0 WA...

   WA        abbr.  1 Western Australia.  2 US Washington (State) (in
             official postal use).

   Waac      n.  hist.  a member of the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (Brit.
             1917-19 or US 1942-8).  [initials WAAC]

   Waaf      n.  Brit.  hist.  a member of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force
             (1939-48).  [initials WAAF]

   WAC       abbr.  (in the US) Women's Army Corps.

   wack(1)   n.  esp.  US sl.  a crazy person.  [prob. back-form. f.  WACKY]

   wack(2)   n.  dial.  a familiar term of address.  [perh. f.  wacker

   wacke     n.  hist.  a greyish-green or brownish rock resulting from the
             decomposition of basaltic rock.  [G f. MHG wacke large stone,
             OHG wacko pebble]

   wacko     adj. & n.  US sl.  --adj. crazy.  --n.  (pl.  -os or -oes) a
             crazy person.  [WACKY + -O]

   wacky     adj. & n.  (also whacky) sl.  --adj.  (-ier, -iest) crazy.  --n.
             (pl.  -ies) a crazy person.  ЬЬwackily adv.  wackiness n.
             [orig. dial., = left-handed, f.  WHACK]

   wad       n. & v.  --n.  1 a lump or bundle of soft material used esp. to
             keep things apart or in place or to stuff up an opening.  2 a
             disc of felt etc. keeping powder or shot in place in a gun.  3 a
             number of banknotes or documents placed together.  4 Brit.  sl.
             a bun, sandwich, etc.  5 (in sing. or pl.) a large quantity esp.
             of money.  --v.tr.  (wadded, wadding) 1 stop up (an aperture or
             a gun-barrel) with a wad.  2 keep (powder etc.) in place with a
             wad.  3 line or stuff (a garment or coverlet) with wadding.  4
             protect (a person, walls, etc.) with wadding.  5 press (cotton
             etc.) into a wad or wadding.  [perh. rel. to Du.  watten, F
             ouate padding, cotton wool]

   wadding   n.  1 soft pliable material of cotton or wool etc. used to line
             or stuff garments, quilts, etc., or to pack fragile articles.  2
             any material from which gun-wads are made.

   waddle    v. & n.  --v.intr. walk with short steps and a swaying motion,
             like a stout short-legged person or a bird with short legs set
             far apart (e.g. a duck or goose).  --n. a waddling gait.
             ЬЬwaddler n.  [perh. frequent. of WADE]

   waddy     n.  (pl.  -ies) 1 an Australian Aboriginal's war-club.  2
             Austral. & NZ any club or stick.  [Aboriginal, perh. f.  WOOD]

   wade      v. & n.  --v.  1 intr. walk through water or some impeding
             medium e.g. snow, mud, or sand.  2 intr. make one's way with
             difficulty or by force.  3 intr. (foll. by through) read (a book
             etc.) in spite of its dullness etc.  4 intr. (foll. by into)
             colloq. attack (a person or task) vigorously.  5 tr. ford (a
             stream etc.) on foot.  --n. a spell of wading.  Ьwade in colloq.
             make a vigorous attack or intervention.  wading bird any
             long-legged water-bird that wades.  ЬЬwadable adj.  (also
             wadeable).  [OE wadan f. Gmc, = go (through)]

   wader     n.  1 a a person who wades.  b a wading bird, esp. any of
             various birds of the order Charadriiformes.  2 (in pl.) high
             waterproof boots, or a waterproof garment for the legs and body,
             worn in fishing etc.

   wadi      n.  (also wady) (pl.  wadis or wadies) a rocky watercourse in N.
             Africa etc., dry except in the rainy season.  [Arab.  wadi]

   WAF       abbr.  (in the US) Women in the Air Force.

   w.a.f.    abbr.  with all faults.

   wafer     n. & v.  --n.  1 a very thin light crisp sweet biscuit, esp. of
             a kind eaten with ice-cream.  2 a thin disc of unleavened bread
             used in the Eucharist.  3 a disc of red paper stuck on a legal
             document instead of a seal.  4 Electronics a very thin slice of
             a semiconductor crystal used as the substrate for solid-state
             circuitry.  5 hist. a small disc of dried paste formerly used
             for fastening letters, holding papers together, etc.  --v.tr.
             fasten or seal with a wafer.  Ьwafer-thin very thin.  ЬЬwafery
             adj.  [ME f. AF wafre, ONF waufre, OF gaufre (cf.  GOFFER) f.
             MLG wafel waffle: cf.  WAFFLE(2)]

   waffle(1) n. & v.  esp.  Brit.  colloq.  --n. verbose but aimless or
             ignorant talk or writing.  --v.intr. indulge in waffle.
             ЬЬwaffler n.  waffly adj.  [orig. dial., frequent. of waff =
             yelp, yap (imit.)]

   waffle(2) n.  esp.  US a small crisp batter cake.  Ьwaffle-iron a utensil,
             usu. of two shallow metal pans hinged together, for baking
             waffles.  [Du.  wafel, waefel f. MLG wafel: cf.  WAFER]

   waft      v. & n.  --v.tr. & intr. convey or travel easily as through air
             or over water; sweep smoothly and lightly along.  --n.  1 (usu.
             foll. by of) a whiff or scent.  2 a transient sensation of
             peace, joy, etc.  3 (also weft) Naut. a distress signal, e.g. an
             ensign rolled or knotted or a garment flown in the rigging.
             [orig. 'convoy (ship etc.)', back-form. f. obs.  waughter,
             wafter armed convoy-ship, f. Du. or LG wachter f.  wachten to

   wag(1)    v. & n.  --v.  (wagged, wagging) 1 tr. & intr. shake or wave
             rapidly or energetically to and fro.  2 intr.  archaic (of the
             world, times, etc.) go along with varied fortune or
             characteristics.  --n. a single wagging motion (with a wag of
             his tail).  Ьthe tail wags the dog the less or least important
             member of a society, section of a party, or part of a structure
             has control.  tongues (or beards or chins or jaws) wag there is
             talk.  [ME waggen f. root of OE wagian sway]

   wag(2)    n.  1 a facetious person, a joker.  2 Brit.  sl. a truant (play
             the wag).  [prob. f. obs.  waghalter one likely to be hanged (as
             WAG(1), HALTER)]

   wage      n. & v.  --n.  1 (in sing. or pl.) a fixed regular payment, usu.
             daily or weekly, made by an employer to an employee, esp. to a
             manual or unskilled worker (cf.  SALARY).  2 (in sing. or pl.)
             requital (the wages of sin is death).  3 (in pl.) Econ. the part
             of total production that rewards labour rather than remunerating
             capital.  --v.tr. carry on (a war, conflict, or contest).
             Ьliving wage a wage that affords the means of normal
             subsistence.  wage-claim = pay-claim (see PAY(1)).  wage-earner
             a person who works for wages.  wages council a board of workers'
             and employers' representatives determining wages where there is
             no collective bargaining.  wage slave a person dependent on
             income from labour in conditions like slavery.  [ME f. AF & ONF
             wage, OF g(u)age, f. Gmc, rel. to GAGE(1), WED]

   wager     n. & v.tr. & intr.  = BET.  Ьwager of battle hist.  an ancient
             form of trial by personal combat between the parties or their
             champions.  wager of law hist.  a form of trial in which the
             defendant was required to produce witnesses who would swear to
             his or her innocence.  [ME f. AF wageure f.  wager (as WAGE)]

   waggery   n.  (pl.  -ies) 1 waggish behaviour, joking.  2 a waggish action
             or remark, a joke.

   waggish   adj.  playful, facetious.  ЬЬwaggishly adv.  waggishness n.

   waggle    v. & n.  colloq.  --v.  1 intr. & tr. wag.  2 intr.  Golf swing
             the club-head to and fro over the ball before playing a shot.
             --n. a waggling motion.  [WAG(1) + -LE(4)]

   waggly    adj.  unsteady.

   Wagnerian adj. & n.  --adj. of, relating to, or characteristic of the
             music dramas of Richard Wagner, German composer d. 1883, esp.
             with reference to their large scale.  --n. an admirer of Wagner
             or his music.

   wagon     n. (also Brit.  waggon) 1 a four-wheeled vehicle for heavy
             loads, often with a removable tilt or cover.  2 Brit. a railway
             vehicle for goods, esp. an open truck.  3 a trolley for
             conveying tea etc.  4 (in full water-wagon) a vehicle for
             carrying water.  5 US a light horse-drawn vehicle.  6 colloq. a
             motor car, esp. an estate car.  Ьon the wagon (or water-wagon)
             sl.  teetotal.  wagon-roof (or -vault) = barrel vault.  [earlier
             wagon, wag(h)en, f. Du.  wag(h)en, rel. to OE w‘gn WAIN]

   wagoner   n. (also Brit.  waggoner) the driver of a wagon.  [Du.  wagenaar
             (as WAGON)]

   wagonette n. (also Brit.  waggonette) a four-wheeled horse-drawn pleasure
             vehicle, usu. open, with facing side-seats.

   wagon-lit n.  (pl.  wagons-lits pronunc. same) a sleeping-car on a
             Continental railway.  [F]

   wagtail   n.  any small bird of the genus Motacilla with a long tail in
             frequent motion.

   Wahabi    n.  (also Wahhabi) (pl.  -is) a member of a sect of Muslim
             puritans following strictly the original words of the Koran.
             [Muhammad ibn Abd-el- Wahhab, founder in the 18th c.]

   wahine    n.  NZ a woman or wife.  [Maori]

   wah-wah   n.  (also wa-wa) Mus.  an effect achieved on brass instruments
             by alternately applying and removing a mute and on an electric
             guitar by controlling the output from the amplifier with a
             pedal.  [imit.]

   waif      n.  1 a homeless and helpless person, esp. an abandoned child.
             2 an ownerless object or animal, a thing cast up by or drifting
             in the sea or brought by an unknown agency.  Ьwaifs and strays 1
             homeless or neglected children.  2 odds and ends.  ЬЬwaifish
             adj.  [ME f. AF waif, weif, ONF gaif, prob. of Scand. orig.]

   wail      n. & v.  --n.  1 a prolonged plaintive inarticulate loud
             high-pitched cry of pain, grief, etc.  2 a sound like or
             suggestive of this.  --v.  1 intr. utter a wail.  2 intr. lament
             or complain persistently or bitterly.  3 intr. (of the wind
             etc.) make a sound like a person wailing.  4 tr.  poet. or rhet.
             bewail; wail over.  ЬWailing Wall a high wall in Jerusalem said
             to stand on the site of Herod's temple, where Jews traditionally
             pray and lament on Fridays.  ЬЬwailer n.  wailful adj.  poet.
             wailingly adv.  [ME f. ON, rel. to WOE]

   wain      n.  archaic 1 a wagon.  2 (prec. by the) = CHARLES'S WAIN.  [OE
             w‘g(e)n, w‘n, f. Gmc, rel. to WAY, WEIGH(1)]

   wainscot  n. & v.  --n.  1 boarding or wooden panelling on the lower part
             of a room-wall.  2 Brit.  hist. imported oak of fine quality.
             --v.tr.  (wainscoted, wainscoting) line with wainscot.  [ME f.
             MLG wagenschot, app. f.  wagen WAGON + schot of uncert. meaning]

             n.  1 a wainscot.  2 material for this.

             n.  a wagon-builder.

   waist     n.  1 a the part of the human body below the ribs and above the
             hips, usu. of smaller circumference than these; the narrower
             middle part of the normal human figure.  b the circumference of
             this.  2 a similar narrow part in the middle of a violin,
             hourglass, wasp, etc.  3 a the part of a garment encircling or
             covering the waist.  b the narrow middle part of a woman's dress
             etc.  c US a blouse or bodice.  4 the middle part of a ship,
             between the forecastle and the quarterdeck.  Ьwaist-cloth a
             loincloth.  waist-deep (or -high) up to the waist (waist-deep in
             water).  ЬЬwaisted adj. (also in comb.).  waistless adj.  [ME
             wast, perh. f. OE f. the root of WAX(2)]

   waistband n.  a strip of cloth forming the waist of a garment.

   waistcoat n.  Brit.  a close-fitting waist-length garment, without sleeves
             or collar but usu. buttoned, worn usu. by men over a shirt and
             under a jacket.

   waistline n.  the outline or the size of a person's body at the waist.

   wait      v. & n.  --v.  1 intr.  a defer action or departure for a
             specified time or until some expected event occurs (wait a
             minute; wait till I come; wait for a fine day).  b be expectant
             or on the watch (waited to see what would happen).  c (foll. by
             for) refrain from going so fast that (a person) is left behind
             (wait for me!).  2 tr. await (an opportunity, one's turn, etc.).
             3 tr. defer (a meal etc.) until a person's arrival.  4 intr.
             (usu. as waiting n.) park a vehicle for a short time at the side
             of a road etc.  (no waiting).  5 intr.  a (in full wait at or US
             on table) act as a waiter or as a servant with similar
             functions.  b act as an attendant.  6 intr. (foll. by on, upon)
             a await the convenience of.  b serve as an attendant to.  c pay
             a respectful visit to.  --n.  1 a period of waiting (had a long
             wait for the train).  2 (usu. foll. by for) watching for an
             enemy; ambush (lie in wait; lay wait).  3 (in pl.) Brit.  a
             archaic street singers of Christmas carols.  b hist. official
             bands of musicians maintained by a city or town.  Ьcannot wait 1
             is impatient.  2 needs to be dealt with immediately.  can wait
             need not be dealt with immediately.  wait-a-bit a plant with
             hooked thorns etc. that catch the clothing.  wait and see await
             the progress of events.  wait for it!  colloq.  1 do not begin
             before the proper moment.  2 used to create an interval of
             suspense before saying something unexpected or amusing.  wait on
             Austral., NZ, & N.Engl.  be patient, wait.  wait up (often foll.
             by for) not go to bed until a person arrives or an event
             happens.  you wait!  used to imply a threat, warning, or
             promise.  [ME f. ONF waitier f. Gmc, rel. to WAKE(1)]

   waiter    n.  1 a man who serves at table in a hotel or restaurant etc.  2
             a person who waits for a time, event, or opportunity.  3 a tray
             or salver.

   waiting   n.  1 in senses of WAIT v.  2 a official attendance at court.  b
             one's period of this.  Ьwaiting game abstention from early
             action in a contest etc. so as to act more effectively later.
             waiting-list a list of people waiting for a thing not
             immediately available.  waiting-room a room provided for people
             to wait in, esp. by a doctor, dentist, etc., or at a railway or
             bus station.

   waitress  n.  a woman who serves at table in a hotel or restaurant etc.

   waive     v.tr.  refrain from insisting on or using (a right, claim,
             opportunity, legitimate plea, etc.).  [ME f. AF weyver, OF
             gaiver allow to become a WAIF, abandon]

   waiver    n.  Law the act or an instance of waiving.  [as WAIVE]

   wake(1)   v. & n.  --v.  (past woke or waked; past part.  woken or waked)
             1 intr. & tr. (often foll. by up) cease or cause to cease to
             sleep.  2 intr. & tr. (often foll. by up) become or cause to
             become alert, attentive, or active (needs something to wake him
             up).  3 intr. (archaic except as waking adj. & n.) be awake (in
             her waking hours; waking or sleeping).  4 tr. disturb (silence
             or a place) with noise; make re-echo.  5 tr. evoke (an echo).  6
             intr. & tr. rise or raise from the dead.  --n.  1 a watch beside
             a corpse before burial; lamentation and (less often) merrymaking
             in connection with this.  2 (usu. in pl.) an annual holiday in
             (industrial) northern England.  3 hist.  a a vigil commemorating
             the dedication of a church.  b a fair or merrymaking on this
             occasion.  Ьbe a wake-up (often foll. by to) Austral.  sl.  be
             alert or aware.  wake-robin 1 Brit. an arum, esp. the
             cuckoo-pint.  2 US any plant of the genus Trillium.  ЬЬwaker n.
             [OE wacan (recorded only in past woc), wacian (weak form), rel.
             to WATCH: sense 'vigil' perh. f. ON]

   wake(2)   n.  1 the track left on the water's surface by a moving ship.  2
             turbulent air left behind a moving aircraft etc.  Ьin the wake
             of behind, following, as a result of, in imitation of.  [prob.
             f. MLG f. ON v”k hole or opening in ice]

   wakeful   adj.  1 unable to sleep.  2 (of a night etc.) passed with little
             or no sleep.  3 vigilant.  ЬЬwakefully adv.  wakefulness n.

   waken     v.tr. & intr.  make or become awake.  [ON vakna f. Gmc, rel. to

   Walachian var. of WALLACHIAN.

   Waldenses n.pl.  a puritan religious sect orig. in S. France, now chiefly
             in Italy and America, founded c.1170 and much persecuted.
             ЬЬWaldensian adj. & n.  [med.L f. Peter Waldo of Lyons, founder]

   wale      n. & v.  --n.  1 = WEAL(1).  2 a ridge on a woven fabric, e.g.
             corduroy.  3 Naut. a broad thick timber along a ship's side.  4
             a specially woven strong band round a woven basket.  --v.tr.
             provide or mark with wales.  Ьwale-knot a knot made at the end
             of a rope by intertwining strands to prevent unravelling or act
             as a stopper.  [OE walu stripe, ridge]

   walk      v. & n.  --v.  1 intr.  a (of a person or other biped) progress
             by lifting and setting down each foot in turn, never having both
             feet off the ground at once.  b progress with similar movements
             (walked on his hands).  c go with the gait usual except when
             speed is desired.  d (of a quadruped) go with the slowest gait,
             always having at least two feet on the ground at once.  2 intr.
             a travel or go on foot.  b take exercise in this way (walks for
             two hours each day).  3 tr. perambulate, traverse on foot at
             walking speed, tread the floor or surface of.  4 tr.  a cause to
             walk with one.  b accompany in walking.  c ride or lead (a
             horse, dog, etc.) at walking pace.  d take charge of (a puppy)
             at walk (see sense 4 of n.).  5 intr. (of a ghost) appear.  6
             intr.  Cricket leave the wicket on being out.  7 Baseball a
             intr. reach first base on balls.  b tr. allow to do this.  8
             intr.  archaic live in a specified manner, conduct oneself (walk
             humbly; walk with God).  9 intr.  US sl. be released from
             suspicion or from a charge.  --n.  1 a an act of walking, the
             ordinary human gait (go at a walk).  b the slowest gait of an
             animal.  c a person's manner of walking (know him by his walk).
             2 a taking a (usu. specified) time to walk a distance (is only
             ten minutes' walk from here; it's quite a walk to the bus-stop).
             b an excursion on foot, a stroll or constitutional (go for a
             walk).  c a journey on foot completed to earn money promised for
             a charity etc.  3 a a place, track, or route intended or
             suitable for walking; a promenade, colonnade, or footpath.  b a
             person's favourite place or route for walking.  c the round of a
             postman, hawker, etc.  4 a farm etc. where a hound-puppy is sent
             to accustom it to various surroundings.  5 the place where a
             gamecock is kept.  6 a part of a forest under one keeper.  Ьin a
             walk without effort (won in a walk).  walk about stroll.  walk
             all over colloq.  1 defeat easily.  2 take advantage of.  walk
             away from 1 easily outdistance.  2 refuse to become involved
             with; fail to deal with.  3 survive (an accident etc.) without
             serious injury.  walk away with colloq. = walk off with.  walk
             the boards be an actor.  walk the hospitals = walk the wards.
             walk in (often foll. by on) enter or arrive, esp. unexpectedly
             or easily.  walk into 1 colloq. encounter through unwariness
             (walked into the trap).  2 sl.  archaic attack forcefully.  3
             sl.  archaic eat heartily.  walk it 1 make a journey on foot,
             not ride.  2 colloq. achieve something (esp. a victory) easily.
             walk Matilda see MATILDA.  walk off 1 depart (esp. abruptly).  2
             get rid of the effects of (a meal, ailment, etc.) by walking
             (walked off his anger).  walk a person off his or her feet (or
             legs) exhaust a person with walking.  walk off with colloq.  1
             steal.  2 win easily.  walk of life an occupation, profession,
             or calling.  walk-on 1 (in full walk-on part) = walking-on part.
             2 the player of this.  walk on air see AIR.  walk out 1 depart
             suddenly or angrily.  2 (usu. foll. by with) Brit.  archaic go
             for walks in courtship.  walk-out n.  a sudden angry departure,
             esp. as a protest or strike.  walk out on desert, abandon.  walk
             over 1 colloq. = walk all over.  2 (often absol.) traverse (a
             racecourse) without needing to hurry, because one has no
             opponents or only inferior ones.  walk-over n.  an easy victory
             or achievement.  walk the plank see PLANK.  walk the streets 1
             be a prostitute.  2 traverse the streets esp. in search of work
             etc.  walk tall colloq.  feel justifiable pride.  walk up!  a
             showman's invitation to a circus etc.  walk-up US adj.  (of a
             building) allowing access to the upper floors only by stairs.
             --n. a walk-up building.  walk up to approach (a person) for a
             talk etc.  walk the wards be a medical student.  ЬЬwalkable adj.
             [OE wealcan roll, toss, wander, f. Gmc]

   walkabout n.  1 an informal stroll among a crowd by a visiting dignitary.
             2 a period of wandering in the bush by an Australian Aboriginal.

   walkathon n.  an organized fund-raising walk.  [WALK, after MARATHON]

   walker    n.  1 a person or animal that walks.  2 a a wheeled or footed
             framework in which a baby can learn to walk.  b = walking frame.

             n.  a two-way radio carried on the person, esp. by policemen

   walking   n. & adj.  in senses of WALK n.  Ьwalking delegate a trade-union
             official who visits members and their employers for discussions.
             walking dictionary (or encyclopaedia) colloq.  a person having a
             wide general knowledge.  walking fern any American evergreen
             fern of the genus Camptosorus, with fronds that root at the
             ends.  walking frame a usu. tubular metal frame with rubberized
             ferrules, used by disabled or old people to help them walk.
             walking gentleman (or lady) Theatr.  a non-speaking extra; a
             supernumerary.  walking leaf = walking fern.  walking-on part a
             non-speaking dramatic role.  walking papers colloq.  dismissal
             (gave him his walking papers).  walking-stick 1 a stick carried
             when walking, esp. for extra support.  2 US = stick insect (see
             STICK(1)).  walking-tour a holiday journey on foot, esp. of
             several days.  walking wounded 1 (of soldiers etc.) able to walk
             despite injuries; not bedridden.  2 colloq. a person or people
             having esp. mental or emotional difficulties.

   Walkman   n.  (pl.  -mans) propr.  a type of personal stereo equipment.

   walkway   n.  a passage or path for walking along, esp.: 1 a raised
             passageway connecting different sections of a building.  2 a
             wide path in a garden etc.

   wall      n. & v.  --n.  1 a a continuous and usu. vertical structure of
             usu. brick or stone, having little width in proportion to its
             length and height and esp. enclosing, protecting, or dividing a
             space or supporting a roof.  b the surface of a wall, esp.
             inside a room (hung the picture on the wall).  2 anything like a
             wall in appearance or effect, esp.: a the steep side of a
             mountain.  b a protection or obstacle (a wall of steel bayonets;
             a wall of indifference).  c Anat. the outermost layer or
             enclosing membrane etc. of an organ, structure, etc.  d the
             outermost part of a hollow structure (stomach wall).  e Mining
             rock enclosing a lode or seam.  --v.tr.  1 (esp. as walled adj.)
             surround or protect with a wall (walled garden).  2 a (usu.
             foll. by up, off) block or seal (a space etc.) with a wall.  b
             (foll. by up) enclose (a person) within a sealed space (walled
             them up in the dungeon).  Ьgo to the wall be defeated or pushed
             aside.  off the wall US sl.  unorthodox, unconventional.  up the
             wall colloq.  crazy or furious (went up the wall when he heard).
             wall bar one of a set of parallel bars, attached to the wall of
             a gymnasium, on which exercises are performed.  wall-barley wild
             barley as a weed.  wall-board a type of wall-covering made from
             wood pulp etc.  wall cress = ARABIS.  wall-fern an evergreen
             polypody, Polypodium vulgare, with very large leaves.
             wall-fruit fruit grown on trees trained against a wall for
             protection and warmth.  wall game Brit.  a form of football
             played at Eton.  wall-knot = wale-knot.  wall-painting a mural
             or fresco.  wall pepper a succulent stonecrop, Sedum acre, with
             a pungent taste.  wall-plate timber laid in or on a wall to
             distribute the pressure of a girder etc.  wall rocket see
             ROCKET(2).  wall rue a small fern, Adiantum ruta-muraria, with
             leaves like rue, growing on walls and rocks.  walls have ears it
             is unsafe to speak openly, as there may be eavesdroppers.
             wall-to-wall 1 (of a carpet) fitted to cover a whole room etc.
             2 colloq. profuse, ubiquitous (wall-to-wall pop music).
             ЬЬwalling n.  wall-less adj.  [OE f. L vallum rampart f.  vallus

   wallaby   n.  (pl.  -ies) 1 any of various marsupials of the family
             Macropodidae, smaller than kangaroos, and having large hind feet
             and long tails.  2 (Wallabies) colloq. the Australian
             international Rugby Union team.  Ьon the wallaby (or wallaby
             track) Austral.  vagrant; unemployed.  [Aboriginal wolaba]

             adj. & n.  (also Walachian) --adj. of the former Principality of
             Wallachia, now part of Romania.  --n. a native of Wallachia.
             [Wallachia (as VLACH)]

   wallah    n.  orig.  Anglo-Ind., now sl.  1 a person concerned with or in
             charge of a usu. specified thing, business, etc. (asked the
             ticket wallah).  2 a person doing a routine administrative job;
             a bureaucrat.  [Hindi -wala suffix = -ER(1)]

   wallaroo  n.  a large brownish-black kangaroo, Macropus robustus.
             [Aboriginal wolaru]

   wallet    n.  1 a small flat esp. leather case for holding banknotes etc.
             2 archaic a bag for carrying food etc. on a journey, esp. as
             used by a pilgrim or beggar.  [ME walet, prob. f. AF walet
             (unrecorded), perh. f. Gmc]

   wall-eye  n.  1 a an eye with a streaked or opaque white iris.  b an eye
             squinting outwards.  2 an American perch, Stizostedion vitreum,
             with large prominent eyes.  ЬЬwall-eyed adj.  [back-form. f.
             wall-eyed: ME f. ON vagleygr f.  vagl (unrecorded: cf. Icel.
             vagl film over the eye) + auga EYE]

             n.  1 a a fragrant spring garden-plant, Cheiranthus cheiri, with
             esp. brown, yellow, or dark-red clustered flowers.  b any of
             various flowering plants of the genus Cheiranthus or Erysimum,
             growing wild on old walls.  2 colloq. a neglected or socially
             awkward person, esp. a woman sitting out at a dance for lack of

   Walloon   n. & adj.  --n.  1 a member of a French-speaking people
             inhabiting S. and E.  Belgium and neighbouring France (see also
             FLEMING).  2 the French dialect spoken by this people.  --adj.
             of or concerning the Walloons or their language.  [F Wallon f.
             med.L Wallo -onis f. Gmc: cf.  WELSH]

   wallop    v. & n.  sl.  --v.tr.  (walloped, walloping) 1 a thrash; beat.
             b hit hard.  2 (as walloping adj.) big; strapping; thumping (a
             walloping profit).  --n.  1 a heavy blow; a thump.  2 Brit. beer
             or any alcoholic drink.  ЬЬwalloping n.  [earlier senses
             'gallop', 'boil', f. ONF (walop n. f.)  waloper, OF galoper: cf.

   walloper  n.  1 a person or thing that wallops.  2 Austral.  sl. a

   wallow    v. & n.  --v.intr.  1 (esp. of an animal) roll about in mud,
             sand, water, etc.  2 (usu. foll. by in) indulge in unrestrained
             sensuality, pleasure, misery, etc.  (wallows in nostalgia).
             --n.  1 the act or an instance of wallowing.  2 a a place used
             by buffalo etc. for wallowing.  b the depression in the ground
             caused by this.  ЬЬwallower n.  [OE walwian roll f. Gmc]

   wallpaper n. & v.  --n.  1 paper sold in rolls for pasting on to interior
             walls as decoration.  2 an unobtrusive background, esp. (usu.
             derog.) with ref. to sound, music, etc.  --v.tr. (often absol.)
             decorate with wallpaper.

   Wall Street
             n.  the American financial world or money market.  [street in
             New York City where banks, the Stock Exchange, etc.  are

   wally     n.  (pl.  -ies) Brit.  sl.  a foolish or inept person.  [orig.
             uncert., perh. shortened form of Walter]

   walnut    n.  1 any tree of the genus Juglans, having aromatic leaves and
             drooping catkins.  2 the nut of this tree containing an edible
             kernel in two half shells shaped like boats.  3 the timber of
             the walnut-tree used in cabinet-making.  [OE walh-hnutu f. Gmc

   Walpurgis night
             n.  the eve of 1 May when witches are alleged to meet on the
             Brocken mountain in Germany and hold revels with the Devil.  [G
             Walpurgisnacht f.  Walpurgis genit. of Walpurga Engl. woman
             saint (8th c.) + Nacht NIGHT]

   walrus    n.  a large amphibious long-tusked arctic mammal, Odobenus
             rosmarus, related to the seal and sea lion.  Ьwalrus moustache a
             long thick drooping moustache.  [prob. f. Du.  walrus, -ros,
             perh. by metath. after walvisch 'whale-fish' f. word repr. by OE
             horschw‘l 'horse-whale']

   waltz     n. & v.  --n.  1 a dance in triple time performed by couples who
             rotate and progress round the floor.  2 the usu. flowing and
             melodious music for this.  --v.  1 intr. dance a waltz.  2 intr.
             (often foll. by in, out, round, etc.)  colloq. move lightly,
             casually, with deceptive ease, etc. (waltzed in and took first
             prize).  3 tr. move (a person) in or as if in a waltz, with ease
             (was waltzed off to Paris).  Ьwaltz Matilda see MATILDA.
             ЬЬwaltzer n.  [G Walzer f.  walzen revolve]

   wampum    n.  beads made from shells and strung together for use as money,
             decoration, or as aids to memory by N. American Indians.
             [Algonquin wampumpeag f.  wap white + umpe string + -ag pl.

   wan       adj.  1 (of a person's complexion or appearance) pale;
             exhausted; worn.  2 (of a star etc. or its light) partly
             obscured; faint.  3 archaic (of night, water, etc.) dark, black.
             ЬЬwanly adv.  wanness n.  [OE wann dark, black, of unkn. orig.]

   wand      n.  1 a a supposedly magic stick used in casting spells by a
             fairy, magician, etc.  b a stick used by a conjurer for effect.
             2 a slender rod carried or used as a marker in the ground.  3 a
             staff symbolizing some officials' authority.  4 colloq. a
             conductor's baton.  5 a hand-held electronic device which can be
             passed over a bar-code to read the data this represents.  [ME
             prob. f. Gmc: cf.  WEND, WIND(2)]

   wander    v. & n.  --v.  1 intr. (often foll. by in, off, etc.) go about
             from place to place aimlessly.  2 intr.  a (of a person, river,
             road, etc.) wind about; diverge; meander.  b (of esp. a person)
             get lost; leave home; stray from a path etc.  3 intr. talk or
             think incoherently; be inattentive or delirious.  4 tr. cover
             while wandering (wanders the world).  --n. the act or an
             instance of wandering (went for a wander round the garden).
             Ьwandering Jew 1 a a legendary person said to have been
             condemned by Christ to wander the earth until the second advent.
             b a person who never settles down.  2 a a climbing plant,
             Tradescantia albiflora, with stemless variegated leaves.  b a
             trailing plant, Zebrina pendula, with pink flowers.  wandering
             sailor the moneywort.  wander-plug a plug that can be fitted
             into any of various sockets in an electrical device.  ЬЬwanderer
             n.  wandering n. (esp. in pl.).  [OE wandrian (as WEND)]

             n.  an eagerness for travelling or wandering.  [G]

   wanderoo  n.  a langur, Semnopithecus vetulus, of Sri Lanka.  [Sinh.
             wanderu monkey]

   wane      v. & n.  --v.intr.  1 (of the moon) decrease in apparent size
             after the full moon (cf.  WAX(2)).  2 decrease in power, vigour,
             importance, brilliance, size, etc.; decline.  --n.  1 the
             process of waning.  2 a defect of a plank etc. that lacks square
             corners.  Ьon the wane waning; declining.  ЬЬwaney adj. (in
             sense 2 of n.).  [OE wanian lessen f. Gmc]

   wangle    v. & n.  colloq.  --v.tr.  1 (often refl.) to obtain (a favour
             etc.) by scheming etc. (wangled himself a free trip).  2 alter
             or fake (a report etc.) to appear more favourable.  --n. the act
             or an instance of wangling.  ЬЬwangler n.  [19th-c. printers'
             sl.: orig. unkn.]

   wank      v. & n.  coarse sl.  °Usually considered a taboo word.
             --v.intr. & tr. masturbate.  --n. an act of masturbating.  [20th
             c.: orig. unkn.]

   Wankel engine
             n.  a rotary internal-combustion engine with a continuously
             rotated and eccentrically pivoted nearly triangular shaft.  [F.
             Wankel, Ger. engineer d. 1988]

   wanker    n.  coarse sl.  °Usually considered a taboo word.  1 a
             contemptible or ineffectual person.  2 a person who masturbates.

   want      v. & n.  --v.  1 tr.  a (often foll. by to + infin.) desire;
             wish for possession of; need (wants a toy train; wants it done
             immediately; wanted to leave; wanted him to leave).  b need or
             desire (a person, esp. sexually).  c esp.  Brit. require to be
             attended to in esp. a specified way (the garden wants weeding).
             d (foll. by to + infin.)  colloq. ought; should; need (you want
             to pull yourself together; you don't want to overdo it).  2
             intr. (usu. foll. by for) lack; be deficient (wants for
             nothing).  3 tr. be without or fall short by (esp. a specified
             amount or thing) (the drawer wants a handle).  4 intr. (foll. by
             in, out) esp.  US colloq. desire to be in, out, etc. (wants in
             on the deal).  5 tr. (as wanted adj.) (of a suspected criminal
             etc.) sought by the police.  --n.  1 (often foll. by of) a a
             lack, absence, or deficiency (could not go for want of time;
             shows great want of judgement).  b poverty; need (living in
             great want; in want of necessities).  2 a a desire for a thing
             etc. (meets a long-felt want).  b a thing so desired (can supply
             your wants).  Ьdo not want to am unwilling to.  want ad US a
             classified newspaper advertisement for something sought.
             ЬЬwanter n.  [ME f. ON vant neut. of vanr lacking = OE wana,
             formed as WANE]

   wanting   adj.  1 lacking (in quality or quantity); deficient, not equal
             to requirements (wanting in judgement; the standard is sadly
             wanting).  2 absent, not supplied or provided.  Ьbe found
             wanting fail to meet requirements.

   wanton    adj., n., & v.  --adj.  1 licentious; lewd; sexually
             promiscuous.  2 capricious; random; arbitrary; motiveless
             (wanton destruction; wanton wind).  3 luxuriant; unrestrained
             (wanton profusion).  4 archaic playful; sportive (a wanton
             child).  --n.  literary an immoral or licentious person, esp. a
             woman.  --v.intr.  literary 1 gambol; sport; move capriciously.
             2 (foll. by with) behave licentiously.  ЬЬwantonly adv.
             wantonness n.  [ME wantowen (wan- UN-(1) + towen f. OE togen
             past part. of teon discipline, rel. to TEAM)]

   wapentake n.  Brit.  hist.  (in areas of England with a large Danish
             population) a division of a shire; a hundred.  [OE w‘pen(ge)t‘c
             f. ON v pnatak f.  v pn weapon + tak taking f.  taka TAKE: perh.
             with ref. to voting in assembly by show of weapons]

   wapiti    n.  (pl.  wapitis) a N. American deer, Cervus canadensis.  [Cree
             wapitik white deer]

   War.      abbr.  Warwickshire.

   war       n. & v.  --n.  1 a armed hostilities between esp. nations;
             conflict (war broke out; war zone).  b a specific conflict or
             the period of time during which such conflict exists (was before
             the war).  c the suspension of international law etc. during
             such a conflict.  2 (as the War) a war in progress or recently
             ended; the most recent major war.  3 a hostility or contention
             between people, groups, etc. (war of words).  b (often foll. by
             on) a sustained campaign against crime, disease, poverty, etc.
             --v.intr.  (warred, warring) 1 (as warring adj.) a rival;
             fighting (warring factions).  b conflicting (warring
             principles).  2 make war.  Ьart of war strategy and tactics.  at
             war (often foll. by with) engaged in a war.  go to war declare
             or begin a war.  go to the wars archaic serve as a soldier.
             have been in the wars colloq.  appear injured, bruised, unkempt,
             etc.  war baby a child, esp. illegitimate, born in wartime.  war
             bride a woman who marries a serviceman met during a war.  war
             chest funds for a war or any other campaign.  war-cloud a
             threatening international situation.  war correspondent a
             correspondent reporting from a scene of war.  war crime a crime
             violating the international laws of war.  war criminal a person
             committing or sentenced for such crimes.  war cry 1 a phrase or
             name shouted to rally one's troops.  2 a party slogan etc.  war
             damage damage to property etc. caused by bombing, shelling, etc.
             war dance a dance performed by primitive peoples etc. before a
             battle or to celebrate victory.  war department the State office
             in charge of the army etc.  war-game 1 a military exercise
             testing or improving tactical knowledge etc.  2 a battle etc.
             conducted with toy soldiers.  war-gaming the playing of
             war-games.  war grave the grave of a serviceman who died on
             active service, esp. one in a special cemetery etc.  war loan
             stock issued by the British Government to raise funds in
             wartime.  war memorial a monument etc. commemorating those
             killed in a war.  war of attrition a war in which each side
             seeks to wear out the other over a long period.  war of the
             elements poet.  storms or natural catastrophes.  War Office
             hist.  the British State department in charge of the army.  war
             of nerves an attempt to wear down an opponent by psychological
             means.  war-plane a military aircraft.  war poet a poet writing
             on war themes, esp. of the two world wars.  Wars of the Roses
             hist.  the 15th-c. civil wars between the houses of York and
             Lancaster, represented by white and red roses.  war-weary (esp.
             of a population) exhausted and dispirited by war.  war widow a
             woman whose husband has been killed in war.  war-worn =
             war-weary.  war zone an area in which a war takes place.  [ME
             werre f. AF, ONF var. of OF guerre: cf.  WORSE]

   waratah   n.  an Australian crimson-flowered shrub, Telopea speciosissima.

   warble(1) v. & n.  --v.  1 intr. & tr. sing in a gentle trilling manner.
             2 tr.  a speak or utter in a warbling manner.  b express in a
             song or verse (warbled his love).  --n. a warbled song or
             utterance.  [ME f. ONF werble(r) f. Frank.  hwirbilon whirl,

   warble(2) n.  1 a hard lump on a horse's back caused by the galling of a
             saddle.  2 a the larva of a warble fly beneath the skin of
             cattle etc.  b a tumour produced by this.  Ьwarble fly any of
             various flies of the genus Hypoderma, infesting the skin of
             cattle and horses.  [16th c.: orig. uncert.]

   warbler   n.  1 a person, bird, etc. that warbles.  2 any small
             insect-eating bird of the family Sylviidae or, in N. America,
             Parulidae, including the blackcap, whitethroat, and chiff-chaff,
             not always remarkable for their song.

   ward      n. & v.  --n.  1 a separate room or division of a hospital,
             prison, etc.  (men's surgical ward).  2 a Brit. an
             administrative division of a constituency, usu. electing a
             councillor or councillors etc.  b esp.  US a similar
             administrative division.  3 a a minor under the care of a
             guardian appointed by the parents or a court.  b (in full ward
             of court) a minor or mentally deficient person placed under the
             protection of a court.  4 (in pl.) the corresponding notches and
             projections in a key and a lock.  5 archaic a the act of
             guarding or defending a place etc.  b the bailey of a castle.  c
             a guardian's control; confinement; custody.  --v.tr.  archaic
             guard; protect.  Ьward-heeler US a party worker in elections
             etc.  ward off 1 parry (a blow).  2 avert (danger, poverty,
             etc.).  [OE weard, weardian f. Gmc: cf.  GUARD]

   -ward     suffix (also -wards) added to nouns of place or destination and
             to adverbs of direction and forming: 1 adverbs (usu.  -wards)
             meaning 'towards the place etc.' (moving backwards; set off
             homewards).  2 adjectives (usu.  -ward) meaning 'turned or
             tending towards' (a downward look; an onward rush).  3 (less
             commonly) nouns meaning 'the region towards or about' (look to
             the eastward).  [from or after OE - weard f. a Gmc root meaning

   warden    n.  1 (usu. in comb.) a supervising official (churchwarden;
             traffic warden).  2 a Brit. a president or governor of a
             college, school, hospital, youth hostel, etc.  b esp.  US a
             prison governor.  ЬЬwardenship n.  [ME f. AF & ONF wardein var.
             of OF g(u)arden GUARDIAN]

   warder    n.  1 Brit.  (fem.  wardress) a prison officer.  2 a guard.  [ME
             f. AF wardere, -our f. ONF warder, OF garder to GUARD]

   wardrobe  n.  1 a large movable or built-in cupboard with rails, shelves,
             hooks, etc., for storing clothes.  2 a person's entire stock of
             clothes.  3 the costume department or costumes of a theatre, a
             film company, etc.  4 a department of a royal household in
             charge of clothing.  Ьwardrobe mistress (or master) a person in
             charge of a theatrical or film wardrobe.  wardrobe trunk a trunk
             fitted with rails, shelves, etc. for use as a travelling
             wardrobe.  [ME f. ONF warderobe, OF garderobe (as GUARD, ROBE)]

   wardroom  n.  a room in a warship for the use of commissioned officers.

   -wards    var. of -WARD.

   wardship  n.  1 a guardian's care or tutelage (under his wardship).  2 the
             condition of being a ward.

   ware(1)   n.  1 (esp. in comb.) things of the same kind, esp. ceramics,
             made usu. for sale (chinaware; hardware).  2 (usu. in pl.) a
             articles for sale (displayed his wares).  b a person's skills,
             talents, etc.  3 ceramics etc. of a specified material, factory,
             or kind (Wedgwood ware; Delft ware).  [OE waru f. Gmc, perh.
             orig. = 'object of care', rel. to WARE(3)]

   ware(2)   v.tr.  (also 'ware) (esp. in hunting) look out for; avoid (usu.
             in imper.: ware hounds!).  [OE warian f. Gmc (as WARE(3)), & f.
             ONF warer]

   ware(3)   predic.adj.  poet.  aware.  [OE w‘r f. Gmc: cf.  WARD]

   warehouse n. & v.  --n.  1 a building in which esp. retail goods are
             stored; a repository.  2 esp.  Brit. a wholesale or large retail
             store.  --v.tr.  also store (esp. furniture or bonded goods)
             temporarily in a repository.  ЬЬwarehouseman n.  (pl.  -men).

   warfare   n.  a state of war; campaigning, engaging in war (chemical

   warfarin  n.  a water-soluble anticoagulant used esp. as a rat poison.
             [Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation + -arin, after COUMARIN]

   warhead   n.  the explosive head of a missile, torpedo, or similar weapon.

   warhorse  n.  1 hist. a knight's or trooper's powerful horse.  2 colloq. a
             veteran soldier, politician, etc.; a reliable hack.

   warlike   adj.  1 threatening war; hostile.  2 martial; soldierly.  3 of
             or for war; military (warlike preparations).

   warlock   n.  archaic a sorcerer or wizard.  [OE w‘r-loga traitor f.  w‘r
             covenant: loga rel. to LIE(2)]

   warlord   n.  a military commander or commander-in-chief.

   warm      adj., v., & n.  --adj.  1 of or at a fairly or comfortably high
             temperature.  2 (of clothes etc.) affording warmth (needs warm
             gloves).  3 a (of a person, action, feelings, etc.) sympathetic;
             cordial; friendly; loving (a warm welcome; has a warm heart).  b
             enthusiastic; hearty (was warm in her praise).  4 animated,
             heated, excited; indignant (the dispute grew warm).  5 colloq.
             iron. dangerous, difficult, or hostile (met a warm reception).
             6 colloq.  a (of a participant in esp. a children's game of
             seeking) close to the object etc. sought.  b near to guessing or
             finding out a secret.  7 (of a colour, light, etc.) reddish,
             pink, or yellowish, etc., suggestive of warmth.  8 Hunting (of a
             scent) fresh and strong.  9 a (of a person's temperament)
             amorous; sexually demanding.  b erotic; arousing.  --v.  1 tr.
             a make warm (fire warms the room).  b excite; make cheerful
             (warms the heart).  2 intr.  a (often foll. by up) warm oneself
             at a fire etc. (warmed himself up).  b (often foll. by to)
             become animated, enthusiastic, or sympathetic (warmed to his
             subject).  --n.  1 the act of warming; the state of being warmed
             (gave it a warm; had a nice warm by the fire).  2 the warmth of
             the atmosphere etc.  3 Brit.  archaic a warm garment, esp. an
             army greatcoat.  Ьwarmed-up (US -over) 1 (of food etc.) reheated
             or stale.  2 stale; second-hand.  warm front an advancing mass
             of warm air.  warming-pan hist.  a usu. brass container for live
             coals with a flat body and a long handle, used for warming a
             bed.  warm up 1 (of an athlete, performer, etc.) prepare for a
             contest, performance, etc. by practising.  2 (of a room etc.)
             become warmer.  3 (of a person) become enthusiastic etc.  4 (of
             a radio, engine, etc.) reach a temperature for efficient
             working.  5 reheat (food).  warm-up n.  a period of preparatory
             exercise for a contest or performance.  warm work 1 work etc.
             that makes one warm through exertion.  2 dangerous conflict etc.
             ЬЬwarmer n. (also in comb.).  warmish adj.  warmly adv.
             warmness n.  warmth n.  [OE wearm f. Gmc]

             adj.  1 (of an organism) having warm blood; mammalian (see
             HOMOEOTHERM).  2 ardent, passionate.  ЬЬwarm-bloodedness n.

             adj.  having a warm heart; kind, friendly.  ЬЬwarm-heartedly
             adv.  warm-heartedness n.

   warmonger n.  a person who seeks to bring about or promote war.
             ЬЬwarmongering n. & adj.

   warn      v.tr.  1 (also absol.) a (often foll. by of, or that + clause,
             or to + infin.) inform of danger, unknown circumstances, etc.
             (warned them of the danger; warned her that she was being
             watched; warned him to expect a visit).  b (often foll. by
             against) inform (a person etc.) about a specific danger, hostile
             person, etc. (warned her against trusting him).  2 (usu. with
             neg.) admonish; tell forcefully (has been warned not to go).  3
             give (a person) cautionary notice regarding conduct etc.  (shall
             not warn you again).  Ьwarn off 1 tell (a person) to keep away
             (from).  2 prohibit from attending races, esp. at a specified
             course.  ЬЬwarner n.  [OE war(e)nian, wearnian ult. f. Gmc: cf.

   warning   n.  1 in senses of WARN v.  2 anything that serves to warn; a
             hint or indication of difficulty, danger, etc.  3 archaic =
             NOTICE n.  3b.  Ьwarning coloration Biol.  conspicuous colouring
             that warns a predator etc. against attacking.  ЬЬwarningly adv.
             [OE war(e)nung etc. (as WARN, -ING(1))]

   warp      v. & n.  --v.  1 tr. & intr.  a make or become bent or twisted
             out of shape, esp. by the action of heat, damp, etc.  b make or
             become perverted, bitter, or strange (a warped sense of humour).
             2 a tr. haul (a ship) by a rope attached to a fixed point.  b
             intr. progress in this way.  3 tr. fertilize by flooding with
             warp.  4 tr. (foll. by up) choke (a channel) with an alluvial
             deposit etc.  5 tr. arrange (threads) as a warp.  --n.  1 a a
             state of being warped, esp. of shrunken or expanded timber.  b
             perversion, bitterness, etc. of the mind or character.  2 the
             threads stretched lengthwise in a loom to be crossed by the
             weft.  3 a rope used in towing or warping, or attached to a
             trawl-net.  4 sediment etc. left esp. on poor land by standing
             water.  ЬЬwarpage n. (esp. in sense 1a of v.).  warper n. (in
             sense 5 of v.).  [OE weorpan throw, wearp f. Gmc]

   warpaint  n.  1 paint used to adorn the body before battle, esp. by N.
             American Indians.  2 colloq. elaborate make-up.

   warpath   n.  1 a warlike expedition of N. American Indians.  2 colloq.
             any hostile course or attitude (is on the warpath again).

   warragal  var. of WARRIGAL.

   warrant   n. & v.  --n.  1 a anything that authorizes a person or an
             action (have no warrant for this).  b a person so authorizing (I
             will be your warrant).  2 a a written authorization, money
             voucher, travel document, etc. (a dividend warrant).  b a
             written authorization allowing police to search premises, arrest
             a suspect, etc.  3 a document authorizing counsel to represent
             the principal in a lawsuit (warrant of attorney).  4 a
             certificate of service rank held by a warrant-officer.  --v.tr.
             1 serve as a warrant for; justify (nothing can warrant his
             behaviour).  2 guarantee or attest to esp. the genuineness of an
             article, the worth of a person, etc.  ЬI (or I'll) warrant I am
             certain; no doubt (he'll be sorry, I'll warrant).
             warrant-officer an officer ranking between commissioned officers
             and NCOs.  ЬЬwarranter n.  warrantor n.  [ME f. ONF warant, var.
             of OF guarant, -and f. Frank.  werend (unrecorded) f.  giweren
             be surety for]

             adj.  1 able to be warranted.  2 (of a stag) old enough to be
             hunted (5 or 6 years).  ЬЬwarrantableness n.  warrantably adv.

   warrantee n.  a person to whom a warranty is given.

   warranty  n.  (pl.  -ies) 1 an undertaking as to the ownership or quality
             of a thing sold, hired, etc., often accepting responsibility for
             defects or liability for repairs needed over a specified period.
             2 (usu. foll. by for + verbal noun) an authority or
             justification.  3 an undertaking by an insured person of the
             truth of a statement or fulfilment of a condition.  [ME f. AF
             warantie, var. of garantie (as WARRANT)]

   warren    n.  1 a a network of interconnecting rabbit burrows.  b a piece
             of ground occupied by this.  2 a densely populated or
             labyrinthine building or district.  3 hist. a piece of ground on
             which game is preserved.  [ME f. AF & ONF warenne, OF garenne
             game-park f. Gmc]

   warrigal  n. & adj.  (also warragal) Austral.  --n.  1 a dingo dog.  2 an
             untamed horse.  3 a wild Aboriginal.  --adj. wild, untamed.

   warring   adj.  rival, antagonistic.

   warrior   n.  1 a person experienced or distinguished in fighting.  2 a
             fighting man, esp. of primitive peoples.  3 (attrib.) martial (a
             warrior nation).  [ME f. ONF werreior etc., OF guerreior etc. f.
             werreier, guerreier make WAR]

   warship   n.  an armoured ship used in war.

   wart      n.  1 a small hardish roundish growth on the skin caused by a
             virus-induced abnormal growth of papillae and thickening of the
             epidermis.  2 a protuberance on the skin of an animal, surface
             of a plant, etc.  3 colloq. an objectionable person.  Ьwart-hog
             an African wild pig of the genus Phacochoerus, with a large head
             and warty lumps on its face, and large curved tusks.  warts and
             all colloq.  with no attempt to conceal blemishes or
             inadequacies.  ЬЬwarty adj.  [OE wearte f. Gmc]

   wartime   n.  the period during which a war is waged.

   wary      adj.  (warier, wariest) 1 on one's guard; given to caution;
             circumspect.  2 (foll. by of) cautious, suspicious (am wary of
             using lifts).  3 showing or done with caution or suspicion (a
             wary expression).  ЬЬwarily adv.  wariness n.  [WARE(2) + -Y(1)]

   was       1st & 3rd sing. past of BE.

   Wash.     abbr.  Washington.

   wash      v. & n.  --v.  1 tr. cleanse (oneself or a part of oneself,
             clothes, etc.) with liquid, esp. water.  2 tr. (foll. by out,
             off, away, etc.) remove a stain or dirt in this way.  3 intr.
             wash oneself or esp. one's hands and face.  4 intr. wash clothes
             etc.  5 intr. (of fabric or dye) bear washing without damage.  6
             intr. (foll. by off, out) (of a stain etc.) be removed by
             washing.  7 tr.  poet. moisten, water (tear-washed eyes; a rose
             washed with dew).  8 tr. (of a river, sea, etc.) touch (a
             country, coast, etc.) with its waters.  9 tr. (of moving liquid)
             carry along in a specified direction (a wave washed him
             overboard; was washed up on the shore).  10 tr.  a scoop out
             (the water had washed a channel).  b erode, denude (sea-washed
             cliffs).  11 intr. (foll. by over, along, etc.) sweep, move, or
             splash.  12 tr. sift (ore) by the action of water.  13 tr.  a
             brush a thin coat of watery paint or ink over (paper in
             water-colour painting etc., or a wall).  b (foll. by with) coat
             (inferior metal) with gold etc.  --n.  1 a the act or an
             instance of washing; the process of being washed (give them a
             good wash; only needed one wash).  b (prec. by the) treatment at
             a laundry etc. (sent them to the wash).  2 a quantity of clothes
             for washing or just washed.  3 the visible or audible motion of
             agitated water or air, esp. due to the passage of a ship etc. or
             aircraft.  4 a soil swept off by water; alluvium.  b a sandbank
             exposed only at low tide.  5 kitchen slops and scraps given to
             pigs.  6 a thin, weak, or inferior liquid food.  b liquid food
             for animals.  7 a liquid to spread over a surface to cleanse,
             heal, or colour.  8 a thin coating of water-colour,
             wall-colouring, or metal.  9 malt etc. fermenting before
             distillation.  10 a lotion or cosmetic.  Ьcome out in the wash
             colloq.  be clarified, or (of contingent difficulties) be
             resolved or removed, in the course of time.  wash-and-wear adj.
             (of a fabric or garment) easily and quickly laundered.
             wash-basin a basin for washing one's hands, face, etc.  wash
             one's dirty linen in public see LINEN.  wash down 1 wash
             completely (esp. a large surface or object).  2 (usu. foll. by
             with) accompany or follow (food) with a drink.  washed out 1
             faded by washing.  2 pale.  3 colloq. limp, enfeebled.  washed
             up esp.  US sl.  defeated, having failed.  wash one's hands
             euphem.  go to the lavatory.  wash one's hands of renounce
             responsibility for.  wash-hand stand = WASHSTAND.  wash-house a
             building where clothes are washed.  wash-leather chamois or
             similar leather for washing windows etc.  wash out 1 clean the
             inside of (a thing) by washing.  2 clean (a garment etc.) by
             brief washing.  3 a rain off (an event etc.).  b colloq. cancel.
             4 (of a flood, downpour, etc.) make a breach in (a road etc.).
             wash-out n.  1 colloq. a fiasco; a complete failure.  2 a breach
             in a road, railway track, etc., caused by flooding (see also
             WASHOUT).  wash up 1 tr. (also absol.) esp.  Brit. wash
             (crockery and cutlery) after use.  2 US wash one's face and
             hands.  won't wash esp.  Brit.  colloq.  (of an argument etc.)
             will not be believed or accepted.  [OE w‘scan etc. f. Gmc, rel.
             to WATER]

   washable  adj.  that can be washed, esp. without damage.  ЬЬwashability n.

   washboard n.  1 a board of ribbed wood or a sheet of corrugated zinc on
             which clothes are scrubbed in washing.  2 this used as a
             percussion instrument, played with the fingers.

   washday   n.  a day on which clothes etc. are washed.

   washer    n.  1 a a person or thing that washes.  b a washing-machine.  2
             a flat ring of rubber, metal, leather, etc., inserted at a joint
             to tighten it and prevent leakage.  3 a similar ring placed
             under the head of a screw, bolt, etc., or under a nut, to
             disperse its pressure.  4 Austral. a cloth for washing the face.
             Ьwasher-up (pl.  washers-up) a person who washes up dishes etc.

             n.  (pl.  -women) a woman whose occupation is washing clothes; a

             n.  = LAUNDERETTE.

   washing   n.  a quantity of clothes for washing or just washed.
             Ьwashing-machine a machine for washing clothes and linen etc.
             washing-powder powder of soap or detergent for washing clothes.
             washing-soda sodium carbonate, used dissolved in water for
             washing and cleaning.  washing-up Brit.  1 the process of
             washing dishes etc. after use.  2 used dishes etc. for washing.

   washland  n.  land periodically flooded by a stream.

   washout   n.  Geol.  a narrow river-channel that cuts into pre-existing
             sediments (see also wash-out).

   washroom  n.  US a room with washing and toilet facilities.

   washstand n.  a piece of furniture to hold a basin, jug, soap, etc.

   washtub   n.  a tub or vessel for washing clothes etc.

   washy     adj.  (washier, washiest) 1 (of liquid food) too watery or weak;
             insipid.  2 (of colour) faded-looking, thin, faint.  3 (of a
             style, sentiment, etc.) lacking vigour or intensity.  ЬЬwashily
             adv.  washiness n.

   wasn't    contr.  was not.

   Wasp      n.  (also WASP) US usu.  derog.  a middle-class American White
             Protestant descended from early European settlers.  ЬЬWaspy adj.
             (also WASPy).  [White Anglo- Saxon Protestant]

   wasp      n.  1 a stinging often flesh-eating insect of the order
             Hymenoptera, esp. the common social wasp Vespa vulgaris, with
             black and yellow stripes and a very thin waist.  2 (in comb.)
             any of various insects resembling a wasp in some way
             (wasp-beetle).  Ьwasp-waist a very slender waist.  wasp-waisted
             having a very slender waist.  ЬЬwasplike adj.  [OE w‘fs, w‘ps,
             w‘sp, f. WG: perh. rel. to WEAVE(1) (from the weblike form of
             its nest)]

   waspish   adj.  irritable, petulant; sharp in retort.  ЬЬwaspishly adv.
             waspishness n.

   wassail   n. & v.  archaic --n.  1 a festive occasion; a drinking-bout.  2
             a kind of liquor drunk on such an occasion.  --v.intr. make
             merry; celebrate with drinking etc.  Ьwassail-bowl (or -cup) a
             bowl or cup from which healths were drunk, esp. on Christmas Eve
             and Twelfth Night.  ЬЬwassailer n.  [ME w‘s h‘il etc. f. ON ves
             heill, corresp. to OE wes hal 'be in health', a form of
             salutation: cf.  HALE(1)]

   Wassermann test
             n.  a test for syphilis using the reaction of the patient's
             blood serum.  [A. von Wassermann, Ger. pathologist d. 1925]

   wast      archaic or dial.  2nd sing. past of BE.

   wastage   n.  1 an amount wasted.  2 loss by use, wear, or leakage.  3
             Commerce loss of employees other than by redundancy.

   waste     v., adj., & n.  --v.  1 tr. use to no purpose or for inadequate
             result or extravagantly (waste time).  2 tr. fail to use (esp.
             an opportunity).  3 tr. (often foll. by on) give (advice etc.),
             utter (words etc.), without effect.  4 tr. & intr. wear
             gradually away; make or become weak; wither.  5 tr. ravage,
             devastate.  6 tr. treat as wasted or valueless.  7 intr. be
             expended without useful effect.  --adj.  1 superfluous; no
             longer serving a purpose.  2 (of a district etc.) not inhabited
             or cultivated; desolate (waste ground).  3 presenting no
             features of interest.  --n.  1 the act or an instance of
             wasting; extravagant or ineffectual use of an asset, of time,
             etc.  2 waste material or food; refuse; useless remains or
             by-products.  3 a waste region; a desert etc.  4 the state of
             being used up; diminution by wear and tear.  5 Law damage to an
             estate caused by an act or by neglect, esp. by a life-tenant.  6
             = waste pipe.  Ьgo (or run) to waste be wasted.  lay waste
             ravage, devastate.  waste-basket esp.  US = waste-paper basket.
             waste one's breath see BREATH.  waste not, want not extravagance
             leads to poverty.  waste paper spoiled or valueless paper.
             waste-paper basket esp.  Brit.  a receptacle for waste paper.
             waste pipe a pipe to carry off waste material, e.g. from a sink.
             waste products useless by-products of manufacture or of an
             organism or organisms.  waste words see WORD.  ЬЬwastable adj.
             wasteless adj.  [ME f. ONF wast(e), var. of OF g(u)ast(e), f. L

   wasteful  adj.  1 extravagant.  2 causing or showing waste.  ЬЬwastefully
             adj.  wastefulness n.

   wasteland n.  1 an unproductive or useless area of land.  2 a place or
             time considered spiritually or intellectually barren.

   waster    n.  1 a wasteful person.  2 colloq. a wastrel.

   wastrel   n.  1 a wasteful or good-for-nothing person.  2 a waif; a
             neglected child.

   watch     v. & n.  --v.  1 tr. keep the eyes fixed on; look at
             attentively.  2 tr.  a keep under observation; follow
             observantly.  b monitor or consider carefully; pay attention to
             (have to watch my weight; watched their progress with interest).
             3 intr. (often foll. by for) be in an alert state; be vigilant;
             take heed (watch for the holes in the road; watch for an
             opportunity).  4 intr. (foll. by over) look after; take care of.
             5 intr.  archaic remain awake for devotions etc.  --n.  1 a
             small portable timepiece for carrying on one's person.  2 a
             state of alert or constant observation or attention.  3 Naut.  a
             a four-hour spell of duty.  b (in full starboard or port watch)
             each of the halves, divided according to the position of the
             bunks, into which a ship's crew is divided to take alternate
             watches.  4 hist. a watchman or group of watchmen, esp.
             patrolling the streets at night.  5 a former division of the
             night.  6 a period of wakefulness at night.  7 hist. irregular
             Highland troops in the 18th c.  Ьon the watch waiting for an
             expected or feared occurrence.  set the watch Naut.  station
             sentinels etc.  watch-case the outer metal case enclosing the
             works of a watch.  watch-chain a metal chain for securing a
             pocket-watch.  Watch Committee hist.  (in the UK) the committee
             of a county borough council dealing with policing etc.
             watch-glass 1 a glass disc covering the dial of a watch.  2 a
             similar disc used in a laboratory etc. to hold material for use
             in experiments.  watching brief see BRIEF.  watch it (or
             oneself) colloq.  be careful.  watch-night 1 the last night of
             the year.  2 a religious service held on this night.  watch out
             1 (often foll. by for) be on one's guard.  2 as a warning of
             immediate danger.  watch-spring the mainspring of a watch.
             watch one's step proceed cautiously.  watch-strap esp.  Brit.  a
             strap for fastening a watch on the wrist.  watch-tower a tower
             from which observation can be kept.  ЬЬwatchable adj.  watcher
             n. (also in comb.).  [OE w‘cce (n.), rel. to WAKE(1)]

   watchband n.  US = watch-strap.

   watchdog  n. & v.  --n.  1 a dog kept to guard property etc.  2 a person
             or body monitoring others' rights, behaviour, etc.  --v.tr.
             (-dogged, -dogging) maintain surveillance over.

   watchful  adj.  1 accustomed to watching.  2 on the watch.  3 showing
             vigilance.  4 archaic wakeful.  ЬЬwatchfully adv.  watchfulness

             n.  a person who makes and repairs watches and clocks.
             ЬЬwatchmaking n.

   watchman  n.  (pl.  -men) 1 a man employed to look after an empty building
             etc. at night.  2 archaic or hist. a member of a night-watch.

   watchword n.  1 a phrase summarizing a guiding principle; a slogan.  2
             hist. a military password.

   water     n. & v.  --n.  1 a colourless transparent odourless tasteless
             liquid compound of oxygen and hydrogen.  °Chem. formula: H[2]O.
             2 a liquid consisting chiefly of this and found in seas, lakes,
             and rivers, in rain, and in secretions of organisms.  3 an
             expanse of water; a sea, lake, river, etc.  4 (in pl.) part of a
             sea or river (in Icelandic waters).  5 (often as the waters)
             mineral water at a spa etc.  6 the state of a tide (high water).
             7 a solution of a specified substance in water (lavender-water).
             8 the quality of the transparency and brilliance of a gem, esp.
             a diamond.  9 Finance an amount of nominal capital added by
             watering (see sense 10 of v.).  10 (attrib.) a found in or near
             water.  b of, for, or worked by water.  c involving, using, or
             yielding water.  --v.  1 tr. sprinkle or soak with water.  2 tr.
             supply (a plant) with water.  3 tr. give water to (an animal) to
             drink.  4 intr. (of the mouth or eyes) secrete water as saliva
             or tears.  5 tr. (as watered adj.) (of silk etc.) having
             irregular wavy glossy markings.  6 tr. adulterate (milk, beer,
             etc.) with water.  7 tr. (of a river etc.) supply (a place) with
             water.  8 intr. (of an animal) go to a pool etc. to drink.  9
             intr. (of a ship, engine, etc., or the person in charge of it)
             take in a supply of water.  10 tr.  Finance increase (a
             company's debt, or nominal capital) by the issue of new shares
             without a corresponding addition to assets.  Ьby water using a
             ship etc. for travel or transport.  cast one's bread upon the
             waters see BREAD.  like water lavishly, profusely.  like water
             off a duck's back see DUCK(1).  make one's mouth water cause
             one's saliva to flow, stimulate one's appetite or anticipation.
             of the first water 1 (of a diamond) of the greatest brilliance
             and transparency.  2 of the finest quality or extreme degree.
             on the water on a ship etc.  on the water-wagon see WAGON.
             water-bag a bag of leather, canvas, etc., for holding water.
             water bailiff 1 an official enforcing fishing laws.  2 hist. a
             custom-house officer at a port.  water bear = TARDIGRADE n.
             water-bed a mattress of rubber or plastic etc. filled with
             water.  water-biscuit a thin crisp unsweetened biscuit made from
             flour and water.  water blister a blister containing a
             colourless fluid, not blood or pus.  water-boatman any aquatic
             bug of the family Notonectidae or Corixidae, swimming with
             oarlike hind legs.  water-borne 1 (of goods etc.) conveyed by or
             travelling on water.  2 (of a disease) communicated or
             propagated by contaminated water.  water-buck any of various
             African antelopes of the genus Kobus, frequenting river-banks.
             water-buffalo the common domestic Indian buffalo, Bubalus arnee.
             water bus a boat carrying passengers on a regular run on a
             river, lake, etc.  water-butt a barrel used to catch rainwater.
             water-cannon a device giving a powerful jet of water to disperse
             a crowd etc.  the Water-carrier (or -bearer) the zodiacal sign
             or constellation Aquarius.  water chestnut 1 an aquatic plant,
             Trapa natans, bearing an edible seed.  2 a (in full Chinese
             water chestnut) a sedge, Eleocharis tuberosa, with rushlike
             leaves arising from a corm.  b this corm used as food.
             water-clock a clock measuring time by the flow of water.
             water-closet 1 a lavatory with the means for flushing the pan
             with water.  2 a room containing this.  water-colour (US -color)
             1 artists' paint made of pigment to be diluted with water and
             not oil.  2 a picture painted with this.  3 the art of painting
             with water-colours.  water-colourist (US -colorist) a painter in
             water-colours.  water-cooled cooled by the circulation of water.
             water-cooler a tank of cooled drinking-water.  water cure =
             HYDROPATHY.  water-diviner Brit.  a person who dowses (see
             DOWSE(1)) for water.  water down 1 dilute with water.  2 make
             less vivid, forceful, or horrifying.  water gauge 1 a glass tube
             etc. indicating the height of water in a reservoir, boiler, etc.
             2 pressure expressed in terms of a head of water.  water-glass 1
             a solution of sodium or potassium silicate used for preserving
             eggs, as a vehicle for fresco-painting, and for hardening
             artificial stone.  2 a tube with a glass bottom enabling objects
             under water to be observed.  water-hammer a knocking noise in a
             water-pipe when a tap is suddenly turned off.  water-heater a
             device for heating (esp. domestic) water.  water hemlock a
             poisonous plant, Cicuta maculata, found in marshes etc.: also
             called COWBANE.  water-hole a shallow depression in which water
             collects (esp. in the bed of a river otherwise dry).  water
             hyacinth a tropical river-weed, Eichhornia crassipes.  water-ice
             a confection of flavoured and frozen water and sugar etc.; a
             sorbet.  water jump a place where a horse in a steeplechase etc.
             must jump over water.  water-level 1 a the surface of the water
             in a reservoir etc.  b the height of this.  2 a level below
             which the ground is saturated with water.  3 a level using water
             to determine the horizontal.  water lily any aquatic plant of
             the family Nymphaeaceae, with broad flat floating leaves and
             large usu. cup-shaped floating flowers.  water-line 1 the line
             along which the surface of water touches a ship's side (marked
             on a ship for use in loading).  2 a linear watermark.  water
             main the main pipe in a water-supply system.  water-meadow a
             meadow periodically flooded by a stream.  water melon a large
             smooth green melon, Citrullus lanatus, with red pulp and watery
             juice.  water meter a device for measuring and recording the
             amount of water supplied to a house etc.  water-mill a mill
             worked by a water-wheel.  water-nymph a nymph regarded as
             inhabiting or presiding over water.  water of crystallization
             water forming an essential part of the structure of some
             crystals.  water of life rhet.  spiritual enlightenment.  water
             ouzel = DIPPER 1.  water-pepper an aquatic herb, Polygonum
             hydropiper: also called SMARTWEED.  water-pipe 1 a pipe for
             conveying water.  2 a hookah.  water-pistol a toy pistol
             shooting a jet of water.  water plantain any ditch-plant of the
             genus Alisma, with plantain-like leaves.  water polo a game
             played by swimmers, with a ball like a football.  water-power 1
             mechanical force derived from the weight or motion of water.  2
             a fall in the level of a river, as a source of this force.
             water purslane a creeping plant, Lythrum portula, growing in
             damp places.  water rail a wading bird, Rallus aquaticus,
             frequenting marshes etc.  water-rat = water-vole.  water-rate a
             charge made for the use of the public water-supply.
             water-repellent not easily penetrated by water.  water-scorpion
             any aquatic bug of the family Nepidae, living submerged and
             breathing through a bristle-like tubular tail.  water-softener
             an apparatus or substance for softening hard water.
             water-soluble soluble in water.  water-splash part of a road
             submerged by a stream or pool.  water starwort any plant of the
             genus Callitriche, growing in water.  water-supply the provision
             and storage of water, or the amount of water stored, for the use
             of a town, house, etc.  water-table = water-level 2.  water
             torture a form of torture in which the victim is exposed to the
             incessant dripping of water on the head, or the sound of
             dripping.  water-tower a tower with an elevated tank to give
             pressure for distributing water.  water under the bridge past
             events accepted as past and irrevocable.  water-vole an aquatic
             vole, esp.  Arvicola amphibius.  water-weed any of various
             aquatic plants.  water-wheel a wheel driven by water to work
             machinery, or to raise water.  water-wings inflated floats fixed
             on the arms of a person learning to swim.  ЬЬwaterer n.
             waterless adj.  [OE w‘ter f. Gmc, rel. to WET]

             n.  pyrosis.  [WATER + BRASH(3)]

             n.  1 a brook, stream, or artificial water-channel.  2 the bed
             along which this flows.

             n.  a hardy perennial cress, Nasturtium officinale, growing in
             running water, with pungent leaves used in salad.

   waterfall n.  a stream or river flowing over a precipice or down a steep

   Waterford glass
             n.  a clear colourless flint glass.  [Waterford in Ireland]

   waterfowl n.  (usu. collect. as pl.) birds frequenting water, esp.
             swimming game-birds.

             n.  the part of a town adjoining a river, lake, harbour, etc.

   watergate n.  1 a floodgate.  2 a gate giving access to a river etc.

   watering  n.  the act or an instance of supplying water or (of an animal)
             obtaining water.  Ьwatering-can a portable container with a long
             spout usu. ending in a perforated sprinkler, for watering
             plants.  watering-hole 1 a pool of water from which animals
             regularly drink; = water-hole.  2 sl. a bar.  watering-place 1 =
             watering-hole.  2 a spa or seaside resort.  3 a place where
             water is obtained.  [OE w‘terung (as WATER, -ING(1))]

             adj.  1 saturated with water.  2 (of a boat etc.) hardly able to
             float from being saturated or filled with water.  3 (of ground)
             made useless by being saturated with water.  [waterlog (v.), f.
             WATER + LOG(1), prob. orig. = 'reduce (a ship) to the condition
             of a log']

   Waterloo  n.  a decisive defeat or contest (meet one's Waterloo).
             [Waterloo in Belgium, where Napoleon was finally defeated in

   waterman  n.  (pl.  -men) 1 a boatman plying for hire.  2 an oarsman as
             regards skill in keeping the boat balanced.

   watermark n. & v.  --n. a faint design made in some paper during
             manufacture, visible when held against the light, identifying
             the maker etc.  --v.tr. mark with this.

             adj., n., & v.  --adj. impervious to water.  --n. a waterproof
             garment or material.  --v.tr. make waterproof.

   watershed n.  1 a line of separation between waters flowing to different
             rivers, basins, or seas.  2 a turning-point in affairs.  [WATER
             + shed ridge of high ground (rel. to SHED(2)), after G

   waterside n.  the margin of a sea, lake, or river.

   water-ski n. & v.  --n.  (pl.  -skis) each of a pair of skis for skimming
             the surface of the water when towed by a motor boat.  --v.intr.
             (-skis, -ski'd or -skied; -skiing) travel on water-skis.
             ЬЬwater-skier n.

             n.  a gyrating column of water and spray formed by a whirlwind
             between sea and cloud.

             adj.  1 (of a joint, container, vessel, etc.) closely fastened
             or fitted or made so as to prevent the passage of water.  2 (of
             an argument etc.) unassailable.

   waterway  n.  1 a navigable channel.  2 a route for travel by water.  3 a
             thick plank at the outer edge of a deck along which a channel is
             hollowed for water to run off by.

             n.  1 an establishment for managing a water-supply.  2 colloq.
             the shedding of tears.  3 Brit.  colloq. the urinary system.

   watery    adj.  1 containing too much water.  2 too thin in consistency.
             3 of or consisting of water.  4 (of the eyes) suffused or
             running with water.  5 (of conversation, style, etc.) vapid,
             uninteresting.  6 (of colour) pale.  7 (of the sun, moon, or
             sky) rainy-looking.  Ьwatery grave the bottom of the sea as a
             place where a person lies drowned.  ЬЬwateriness n.  [OE w‘terig
             (as WATER, -Y(1))]

   watt      n.  the SI unit of power, equivalent to one joule per second,
             corresponding to the rate of energy in an electric circuit where
             the potential difference is one volt and the current one ampere.
             °Symb.: W.  Ьwatt-hour the energy used when one watt is applied
             for one hour.  [J.  Watt, Sc. engineer d. 1819]

   wattage   n.  an amount of electrical power expressed in watts.

   wattle(1) n. & v.  --n.  1 a interlaced rods and split rods as a material
             for making fences, walls, etc.  b (in sing. or pl.) rods and
             twigs for this use.  2 an Australian acacia with long pliant
             branches, with bark used in tanning and golden flowers used as
             the national emblem.  3 dial. a wicker hurdle.  --v.tr.  1 make
             of wattle.  2 enclose or fill up with wattles.  Ьwattle and daub
             a network of rods and twigs plastered with mud or clay as a
             building material.  [OE watul, of unkn. orig.]

   wattle(2) n.  1 a loose fleshy appendage on the head or throat of a turkey
             or other birds.  2 = BARB n.  3.  ЬЬwattled adj.  [16th c.:
             orig. unkn.]

   wattmeter n.  a meter for measuring the amount of electricity in watts.

   waul      v.intr.  (also wawl) give a loud plaintive cry like a cat.

   wave      v. & n.  --v.  1 a intr. (often foll. by to) move a hand etc. to
             and fro in greeting or as a signal (waved to me across the
             street).  b tr. move (a hand etc.) in this way.  2 a intr. show
             a sinuous or sweeping motion as of a flag, tree, or a cornfield
             in the wind; flutter, undulate.  b tr. impart a waving motion
             to.  3 tr. brandish (a sword etc.) as an encouragement to
             followers etc.  4 tr. tell or direct (a person) by waving (waved
             them away; waved them to follow).  5 tr. express (a greeting
             etc.) by waving (waved goodbye to them).  6 tr. give an
             undulating form to (hair, drawn lines, etc.); make wavy.  7
             intr. (of hair etc.) have such a form; be wavy.  --n.  1 a ridge
             of water between two depressions.  2 a long body of water
             curling into an arched form and breaking on the shore.  3 a
             thing compared to this, e.g. a body of persons in one of
             successive advancing groups.  4 a gesture of waving.  5 a the
             process of waving the hair.  b an undulating form produced in
             the hair by waving.  6 a a temporary occurrence or increase of a
             condition, emotion, or influence (a wave of enthusiasm).  b a
             specified period of widespread weather (heat wave).  7 Physics a
             the disturbance of the particles of a fluid medium to form
             ridges and troughs for the propagation or direction of motion,
             heat, light, sound, etc., without the advance of the particles.
             b a single curve in the course of this motion (see also standing
             wave, travelling wave (see TRAVEL)).  8 Electr. a similar
             variation of an electromagnetic field in the propagation of
             radiation through a medium or vacuum.  9 (in pl.; prec. by the)
             poet. the sea; water.  Ьmake waves colloq.  cause trouble.  wave
             aside dismiss as intrusive or irrelevant.  wave down wave to (a
             vehicle or its driver) as a signal to stop.  wave equation a
             differential equation expressing the properties of motion in
             waves.  wave-form Physics a curve showing the shape of a wave at
             a given time.  wave-front Physics a surface containing points
             affected in the same way by a wave at a given time.  wave
             function a function satisfying a wave equation and describing
             the properties of a wave.  wave mechanics a method of analysis
             of the behaviour esp. of atomic phenomena with particles
             represented by wave equations (see quantum mechanics).  wave
             number Physics the number of waves in a unit distance.  wave
             theory hist.  the theory that light is propagated through the
             ether by a wave-motion imparted to the ether by the molecular
             vibrations of the radiant body.  ЬЬwaveless adj.  wavelike adj.
             & adv.  [OE wafian (v.) f. Gmc: (n.) also alt. of ME wawe, wage]

   waveband  n.  a range of (esp. radio) wavelengths between certain limits.

   waveguide n.  Electr.  a metal tube etc. confining and conveying

             n.  1 the distance between successive crests of a wave, esp.
             points in a sound wave or electromagnetic wave.  2 this as a
             distinctive feature of radio waves from a transmitter.  3
             colloq. a particular mode or range of thinking and communicating
             (we don't seem to be on the same wavelength).

   wavelet   n.  a small wave on water.

   waver     v.intr.  1 be or become unsteady; falter; begin to give way.  2
             be irresolute or undecided between different courses or
             opinions; be shaken in resolution or belief.  3 (of a light)
             flicker.  ЬЬwaverer n.  waveringly adv.  [ME f. ON vafra flicker
             f. Gmc, rel. to WAVE]

   wavy      adj.  (wavier, waviest) (of a line or surface) having waves or
             alternate contrary curves (wavy hair).  ЬЬwavily adv.  waviness

   wa-wa     var. of WAH-WAH.

   wawl      var. of WAUL.

   wax(1)    n. & v.  --n.  1 a sticky plastic yellowish substance secreted
             by bees as the material of honeycomb cells; beeswax.  2 a white
             translucent material obtained from this by bleaching and
             purifying and used for candles, in modelling, as a basis of
             polishes, and for other purposes.  3 any similar substance, e.g.
             earwax.  4 colloq.  a a gramophone record.  b material for the
             manufacture of this.  5 (attrib.) made of wax.  --v.tr.  1 cover
             or treat with wax.  2 colloq. record for the gramophone.  Ьbe
             wax in a person's hands be entirely subservient to a person.
             lost wax = CIRE PERDUE.  wax-light a taper or candle of wax.
             wax-myrtle a tree, Myrtus cerifera, yielding wax and oil used
             for candles.  wax-painting = ENCAUSTIC.  wax palm 1 a South
             American palm, Ceroxylon alpinum, with its stem coated in a
             mixture of resin and wax.  2 a carnauba.  wax paper paper
             waterproofed with a layer of wax.  wax-pod a yellow-podded bean.
             wax-tree an Asian tree, Rhus succedanea, having white berries
             which yield wax.  ЬЬwaxer n.  [OE w‘x, weax f. Gmc]

   wax(2)    v.intr.  1 (of the moon between new and full) have a
             progressively larger part of its visible surface illuminated,
             increasing in apparent size.  2 become larger or stronger.  3
             pass into a specified state or mood (wax lyrical).  Ьwax and
             wane undergo alternate increases and decreases.  [OE weaxan f.

   wax(3)    n.  sl.  a fit of anger.  [19th c.: orig. uncert.: perh. f.
             WAX(2) wroth etc.]

   waxberry  n.  (pl.  -ies) 1 a wax-myrtle.  2 the fruit of this.

   waxbill   n.  any of various birds esp. of the family Estrildidae, with
             usu.  red bills resembling the colour of sealing wax.

   waxcloth  n.  oilcloth.

   waxen     adj.  1 having a smooth pale translucent surface as of wax.  2
             able to receive impressions like wax; plastic.  3 archaic made
             of wax.

   waxwing   n.  any bird of the genus Bombycilla, with small tips like red
             sealing-wax to some wing-feathers.

   waxwork   n.  1 a an object, esp. a lifelike dummy, modelled in wax.  b
             the making of waxworks.  2 (in pl.) an exhibition of wax

   waxy(1)   adj.  (waxier, waxiest) resembling wax in consistency or in its
             surface.  ЬЬwaxily adv.  waxiness n.  [WAX(1) + -Y(1)]

   waxy(2)   adj.  (waxier, waxiest) Brit.  sl.  angry, quick-tempered.
             [WAX(3) + -Y(1)]

   way       n. & adv.  --n.  1 a road, track, path, etc., for passing along.
             2 a course or route for reaching a place, esp. the best one
             (asked the way to London).  3 a place of passage into a
             building, through a door, etc.  (could not find the way out).  4
             a a method or plan for attaining an object (that is not the way
             to do it).  b the ability to obtain one's object (has a way with
             him).  5 a a person's desired or chosen course of action.  b a
             custom or manner of behaving; a personal peculiarity (has a way
             of forgetting things; things had a way of going badly).  6 a
             specific manner of life or procedure (soon got into the way of
             it).  7 the normal course of events (that is always the way).  8
             a travelling distance; a length traversed or to be traversed (is
             a long way away).  9 a an unimpeded opportunity of advance.  b a
             space free of obstacles.  10 a region or ground over which
             advance is desired or natural.  11 advance in some direction;
             impetus, progress (pushed my way through).  12 movement of a
             ship etc. (gather way; lose way).  13 the state of being engaged
             in movement from place to place; time spent in this (met them on
             the way home; with songs to cheer the way).  14 a specified
             direction (step this way; which way are you going?).  15 (in
             pl.) parts into which a thing is divided (split it three ways).
             16 colloq. the scope or range of something (want a few things in
             the stationery way).  17 a person's line of occupation or
             business.  18 a specified condition or state (things are in a
             bad way).  19 a respect (is useful in some ways).  20 a (in pl.)
             a structure of timber etc. down which a new ship is launched.  b
             parallel rails etc. as a track for the movement of a machine.
             --adv.  colloq. to a considerable extent; far (you're way off
             the mark).  Ьacross (or over) the way opposite.  any way =
             ANYWAY.  be on one's way set off; depart.  by the way 1
             incidentally; as a more or less irrelevant comment.  2 during a
             journey.  by way of 1 through; by means of.  2 as a substitute
             for or as a form of (did it by way of apology).  3 with the
             intention of (asked by way of discovering the truth).  come
             one's way become available to one; become one's lot.  find a way
             discover a means of obtaining one's object.  get (or have) one's
             way (or have it one's own way etc.) get what one wants; ensure
             one's wishes are met.  give way 1 a make concessions.  b fail to
             resist; yield.  2 (often foll. by to) concede precedence (to).
             3 (of a structure etc.) be dislodged or broken under a load;
             collapse.  4 (foll. by to) be superseded by.  5 (foll. by to) be
             overcome by (an emotion etc.).  6 (of rowers) row hard.  go out
             of one's way (often foll. by to + infin.)  make a special
             effort; act gratuitously or without compulsion (went out of
             their way to help).  go one's own way act independently, esp.
             against contrary advice.  go one's way 1 leave, depart.  2 (of
             events, circumstances, etc.) be favourable to one.  go a
             person's way accompany a person (are you going my way?).  have
             it both ways see BOTH.  in its way if regarded from a particular
             standpoint appropriate to it.  in no way not at all; by no
             means.  in a way in a certain respect but not altogether or
             completely.  in the (or one's) way forming an obstacle or
             hindrance.  lead the way 1 act as guide or leader.  2 show how
             to do something.  look the other way 1 ignore what one should
             notice.  2 disregard an acquaintance etc. whom one sees.  one
             way and another taking various considerations into account.  one
             way or another by some means.  on the (or one's) way 1 in the
             course of a journey etc.  2 having progressed (is well on the
             way to completion).  3 colloq. (of a child) conceived but not
             yet born.  on the way out colloq.  going down in status,
             estimation, or favour; going out of fashion.  the other way
             about (or round) in an inverted or reversed position or
             direction.  out of the way 1 no longer an obstacle or hindrance.
             2 disposed of; settled.  3 (of a person) imprisoned or killed.
             4 (with neg.) common or unremarkable (nothing out of the way).
             5 (of a place) remote, inaccessible.  out of one's way not on
             one's intended route.  put a person in the way of give a person
             the opportunity of.  way back colloq.  long ago.  way-leave a
             right of way rented to another.  the way of the Cross a series
             of paintings or representations of the events in Christ's
             passion, esp. in a church.  way of life the principles or habits
             governing all one's actions etc.  way of thinking one's
             customary opinion of matters.  way of the world conduct no worse
             than is customary.  way-out colloq.  1 unusual, eccentric.  2
             avant-garde, progressive.  3 excellent, exciting.  ways and
             means 1 methods of achieving something.  2 methods of raising
             government revenue.  way station US 1 a minor station on a
             railway.  2 a point marking progress in a certain course of
             action etc.  way-worn tired with travel.  [OE weg f. Gmc: (adv.)
             f.  AWAY]

   -way      suffix = -WAYS.

   waybill   n.  a list of passengers or parcels on a vehicle.

   waybread  n.  Brit.  archaic a broad-leaved plantain (see PLANTAIN(1)).
             [OE wegbr‘de (as WAY, BROAD)]

   wayfarer  n.  a traveller, esp. on foot.

   wayfaring n.  travelling, esp. on foot.  Ьwayfaring-tree a white-flowered
             European and Asian shrub, Viburnum lantana, common along
             roadsides, with berries turning from green through red to black.

   waylay    v.tr.  (past and past part.  waylaid) 1 lie in wait for.  2 stop
             to rob or interview.  ЬЬwaylayer n.

   waymark   n.  a natural or artificial object as a guide to travellers,
             esp.  walkers.

   -ways     suffix forming adjectives and adverbs of direction or manner
             (sideways) (cf.  -WISE).  [WAY + -'S]

   wayside   n.  1 the side or margin of a road.  2 the land at the side of a
             road.  Ьfall by the wayside fail to continue in an endeavour or
             undertaking (after Luke 8:5).

   wayward   adj.  1 childishly self-willed or perverse; capricious.  2
             unaccountable or freakish.  ЬЬwaywardly adv.  waywardness n.
             [ME f. obs.  awayward turned away f.  AWAY + -WARD: cf.

   wayzgoose n.  (pl.  -gooses) an annual summer dinner or outing held by a
             printing-house for its employees.  [17th c. (earlier waygoose):
             orig. unkn.]

3.0 Wb

   Wb        abbr.  weber(s).

4.0 WC...

   WC        abbr.  1 water-closet.  2 West Central.

   WCC       abbr.  World Council of Churches.

   W/Cdr.    abbr.  Wing Commander.

5.0 WD

   WD        abbr.  1 War Department.  2 Works Department.

6.0 we...

   we        pron.  (obj.  us; poss.  our, ours) 1 (pl. of I(2)) used by and
             with reference to more than one person speaking or writing, or
             one such person and one or more associated persons.  2 used for
             or by a royal person in a proclamation etc. and by a writer or
             editor in a formal context.  3 people in general (cf.  ONE pron.
             2).  4 colloq. = I(2) (give us a chance).  5 colloq.  (often
             implying condescension) you (how are we feeling today?).  [OE f.

   WEA       abbr.  (in the UK) Workers' Educational Association.

   weak      adj.  1 deficient in strength, power, or number; fragile; easily
             broken or bent or defeated.  2 deficient in vigour; sickly,
             feeble (weak health; a weak imagination).  3 a deficient in
             resolution; easily led (a weak character).  b (of an action or
             features) indicating a lack of resolution (a weak surrender; a
             weak chin).  4 unconvincing or logically deficient (weak
             evidence; a weak argument).  5 (of a mixed liquid or solution)
             watery, thin, dilute (weak tea).  6 (of a style etc.) not
             vigorous or well-knit; diffuse, slipshod.  7 (of a crew)
             short-handed.  8 (of a syllable etc.) unstressed.  9 Gram. in
             Germanic languages: a (of a verb) forming inflections by the
             addition of a suffix to the stem.  b (of a noun or adjective)
             belonging to a declension in which the stem originally ended in
             -n (opp.  STRONG adj.  22).  Ьweak ending an unstressed syllable
             in a normally stressed place at the end of a verse-line.  the
             weaker sex derog.  women.  weak grade Gram.  an unstressed
             ablaut-form.  weak interaction Physics the weakest form of
             interaction between elementary particles.  weak-kneed colloq.
             lacking resolution.  weak-minded 1 mentally deficient.  2
             lacking in resolution.  weak-mindedness the state of being
             weak-minded.  weak moment a time when one is unusually compliant
             or temptable.  weak point (or spot) 1 a place where defences are
             assailable.  2 a flaw in an argument or character or in
             resistance to temptation.  ЬЬweakish adj.  [ME f. ON veikr f.

   weaken    v.tr. & intr.  make or become weak or weaker.  ЬЬweakener n.

   weakfish  n.  (pl. same or -fishes) US a marine fish of the genus
             Cynoscion, used as food.  [obs. Du.  weekvisch f.  week soft
             (formed as WEAK) + visch FISH(1)]

   weakling  n.  a feeble person or animal.

   weakly    adv. & adj.  --adv. in a weak manner.  --adj.  (weaklier,
             weakliest) sickly, not robust.  ЬЬweakliness n.

   weakness  n.  1 the state or condition of being weak.  2 a weak point; a
             defect.  3 the inability to resist a particular temptation.  4
             (foll. by for) a self-indulgent liking (have a weakness for

   weal(1)   n. & v.  --n. a ridge raised on the flesh by a stroke of a rod
             or whip.  --v.tr. mark with a weal.  [var. of WALE, infl. by
             obs.  wheal suppurate]

   weal(2)   n.  literary welfare, prosperity; good fortune.  [OE wela f. WG
             (as WELL(1))]

   Weald     n.  (also weald) (prec. by the) Brit.  a formerly wooded
             district including parts of Kent, Surrey, and East Sussex.
             Ьweald-clay beds of clay, sandstone, limestone, and ironstone,
             forming the top of Wealden strata, with abundant fossil remains.
             [OE, = wald WOLD]

   Wealden   adj. & n.  Brit.  --adj.  1 of the Weald.  2 resembling the
             Weald geologically.  --n. a series of Lower Cretaceous
             freshwater deposits above Jurassic strata and below chalk, best
             exemplified in the Weald.

   wealth    n.  1 riches; abundant possessions; opulence.  2 the state of
             being rich.  3 (foll. by of) an abundance or profusion (a wealth
             of new material).  4 archaic welfare or prosperity.  Ьwealth tax
             a tax on personal capital.  [ME welthe, f.  WELL(1) or WEAL(2) +
             -TH(2), after health]

   wealthy   adj.  (wealthier, wealthiest) having an abundance esp. of money.
             ЬЬwealthily adv.  wealthiness n.

   wean(1)   v.tr.  1 accustom (an infant or other young mammal) to food
             other than (esp. its mother's) milk.  2 (often foll. by from,
             away from) disengage (from a habit etc.) by enforced
             discontinuance.  [OE wenian accustom f. Gmc: cf.  WONT]

   wean(2)   n.  Sc.  a young child.  [contr. of wee ane little one]

   weaner    n.  a young animal recently weaned.

   weanling  n.  a newly-weaned child etc.

   weapon    n.  1 a thing designed or used or usable for inflicting bodily
             harm (e.g. a gun or cosh).  2 a means employed for trying to
             gain the advantage in a conflict (irony is a double-edged
             weapon).  ЬЬweaponed adj. (also in comb.).  weaponless adj.  [OE
             w‘p(e)n f. Gmc]

   weaponry  n.  weapons collectively.

   wear(1)   v. & n.  --v.  (past wore; past part.  worn) 1 tr. have on one's
             person as clothing or an ornament etc. (is wearing shorts; wears
             earrings).  2 tr. be dressed habitually in (wears green).  3 tr.
             exhibit or present (a facial expression or appearance) (wore a
             frown; the day wore a different aspect).  4 tr.  Brit.  colloq.
             (usu. with neg.) tolerate, accept (they won't wear that excuse).
             5 (often foll. by away) a tr. injure the surface of, or partly
             obliterate or alter, by rubbing, stress, or use.  b intr.
             undergo such injury or change.  6 tr. & intr. (foll. by off,
             away) rub or be rubbed off.  7 tr. make (a hole etc.) by
             constant rubbing or dripping etc.  8 tr. & intr. (often foll. by
             out) exhaust, tire or be tired.  9 tr. (foll. by down) overcome
             by persistence.  10 intr.  a remain for a specified time in
             working order or a presentable state; last long.  b (foll. by
             well, badly, etc.) endure continued use or life.  11 a intr. (of
             time) pass, esp. tediously.  b tr. pass (time) gradually away.
             12 tr. (of a ship) fly (a flag).  --n.  1 the act of wearing or
             the state of being worn (suitable for informal wear).  2 things
             worn; fashionable or suitable clothing (sportswear; footwear).
             3 (in full wear and tear) damage sustained from continuous use.
             4 the capacity for resisting wear and tear (still a great deal
             of wear left in it).  Ьin wear being regularly worn.  wear one's
             heart on one's sleeve see HEART.  wear off lose effectiveness or
             intensity.  wear out 1 use or be used until no longer usable.  2
             tire or be tired out.  wear thin (of patience, excuses, etc.)
             begin to fail.  wear the trousers see TROUSERS.  wear (or wear
             one's years) well colloq.  remain young-looking.  ЬЬwearable
             adj.  wearability n.  wearer n.  wearingly adv.  [OE werian f.

   wear(2)   v.  (past and past part.  wore) 1 tr. bring (a ship) about by
             turning its head away from the wind.  2 intr. (of a ship) come
             about in this way (cf.  TACK(1) v.  4).  [17th c.: orig. unkn.]

   wearisome adj.  tedious; tiring by monotony or length.  ЬЬwearisomely adv.
             wearisomeness n.

   weary     adj. & v.  --adj.  (wearier, weariest) 1 unequal to or
             disinclined for further exertion or endurance; tired.  2 (foll.
             by of) dismayed at the continuing of; impatient of.  3 tiring or
             tedious.  --v.  (-ies, -ied) 1 tr. & intr. make or grow weary.
             2 intr. esp.  Sc. long.  ЬЬweariless adj.  wearily adv.
             weariness n.  wearyingly adv.  [OE werig, w‘rig f. WG]

   weasel    n. & v.  --n.  1 a small reddish-brown flesh-eating mammal,
             Mustela nivalis, with a slender body, related to the stoat and
             ferret.  2 a stoat.  3 colloq. a deceitful or treacherous
             person.  --v.intr.  (weaselled, weaselling; US weaseled,
             weaseling) 1 esp.  US equivocate or quibble.  2 (foll. by on,
             out) default on an obligation.  Ьweasel-faced having thin sharp
             features.  weasel word (usu. in pl.) a word that is
             intentionally ambiguous or misleading.  ЬЬweaselly adj.  [OE
             wesle, wesule f. WG]

   weather   n. & v.  --n.  1 the state of the atmosphere at a place and time
             as regards heat, cloudiness, dryness, sunshine, wind, and rain
             etc.  2 (attrib.) Naut. windward (on the weather side).  --v.  1
             tr. expose to or affect by atmospheric changes, esp.
             deliberately to dry, season, etc. (weathered timber).  2 a tr.
             (usu. in passive) discolour or partly disintegrate (rock or
             stones) by exposure to air.  b intr. be discoloured or worn in
             this way.  3 tr. make (boards or tiles) overlap downwards to
             keep out rain etc.  4 tr.  a come safely through (a storm).  b
             survive (a difficult period etc.).  5 tr. (of a ship or its
             crew) get to the windward of (a cape etc.).  Ьkeep a (or one's)
             weather eye open be watchful.  make good (or bad) weather of it
             Naut.  (of a ship) behave well (or badly) in a storm.  make
             heavy weather of colloq.  exaggerate the difficulty or burden
             presented by (a problem, course of action, etc.).  under the
             weather colloq.  indisposed or out of sorts.  weather-beaten
             affected by exposure to the weather.  weather-bound unable to
             proceed owing to bad weather.  weather-chart (or -map) a diagram
             showing the state of the weather over a large area.  weather
             forecast an analysis of the state of the weather with an
             assessment of likely developments over a certain time.
             weather-glass a barometer.  weather side the side from which the
             wind is blowing (opp.  lee side).  weather station an
             observation post for recording meteorological data.
             weather-strip a piece of material used to make a door or window
             proof against rain or wind.  weather-tiles tiles arranged to
             overlap like weatherboards.  weather-vane see VANE.
             weather-worn damaged by storms etc.  [OE weder f. Gmc]

             n. & v.  --n.  1 a sloping board attached to the bottom of an
             outside door to keep out the rain etc.  2 each of a series of
             horizontal boards with edges overlapping to keep out the rain
             etc.  --v.tr. fit or supply with weatherboards.
             ЬЬweatherboarding n. (in sense 2 of n.).

             n.  1 a weather-vane (see VANE) in the form of a cock.  2 an
             inconstant person.

             n.  1 the action of the weather on materials etc. exposed to it.
             2 exposure to adverse weather conditions (see WEATHER v.  1).

   weatherly adj.  Naut.  1 (of a ship) making little leeway.  2 capable of
             keeping close to the wind.  ЬЬweatherliness n.

             n.  (pl.  -men) a meteorologist, esp. one who broadcasts a
             weather forecast.

             adj. & v.  --adj. resistant to the effects of bad weather, esp.
             rain.  --v.tr. make weatherproof.  ЬЬweatherproofed adj.

   weave(1)  v. & n.  --v.  (past wove; past part.  woven or wove) 1 tr.  a
             form (fabric) by interlacing long threads in two directions.  b
             form (thread) into fabric in this way.  2 intr.  a make fabric
             in this way.  b work at a loom.  3 tr. make (a basket or wreath
             etc.) by interlacing rods or flowers etc.  4 tr.  a (foll. by
             into) make (facts etc.) into a story or connected whole.  b make
             (a story) in this way.  --n. a style of weaving.  [OE wefan f.

   weave(2)  v.intr.  1 move repeatedly from side to side; take an intricate
             course to avoid obstructions.  2 colloq. manoeuvre an aircraft
             in this way; take evasive action.  Ьget weaving sl.  begin
             action; hurry.  [prob. f. ME weve, var. of waive f. ON veifa

   weaver    n.  1 a person whose occupation is weaving.  2 (in full
             weaver-bird) any tropical bird of the family Ploceidae, building
             elaborately woven nests.  Ьweaver's knot a sheet bend (see
             SHEET(2)) used in weaving.

   web       n. & v.  --n.  1 a a woven fabric.  b an amount woven in one
             piece.  2 a complete structure or connected series (a web of
             lies).  3 a cobweb, gossamer, or a similar product of a spinning
             creature.  4 a a membrane between the toes of a swimming animal
             or bird.  b the vane of a bird's feather.  5 a a large roll of
             paper used in a continuous printing process.  b an endless wire
             mesh on rollers, on which this is made.  6 a thin flat part
             connecting thicker or more solid parts in machinery etc.  --v.
             (webbed, webbing) 1 tr. weave a web on.  2 intr. weave a web.
             Ьweb-footed having the toes connected by webs.  web offset
             offset printing on a web of paper.  web-wheel a wheel having a
             plate or web instead of spokes, or with rim, spokes, and centre
             in one piece as in watch-wheels.  web-worm US a gregarious
             caterpillar spinning a large web in which to sleep or to feed on
             enclosed foliage.  ЬЬwebbed adj.  [OE web, webb f. Gmc]

   webbing   n.  strong narrow closely-woven fabric used for supporting
             upholstery, for belts, etc.

   weber     n.  the SI unit of magnetic flux, causing the electromotive
             force of one volt in a circuit of one turn when generated or
             removed in one second.  °Abbr.: Wb.  [W. E.  Weber, Ger.
             physicist d. 1891]

   Wed.      abbr.  Wednesday.

   wed       v.tr. & intr.  (wedding; past and past part.  wedded or wed) 1
             usu.  formal or literary a tr. & intr. marry.  b tr. join in
             marriage.  2 tr. unite (wed efficiency to economy).  3 tr. (as
             wedded adj.) of or in marriage (wedded bliss).  4 tr. (as wedded
             adj.) (foll. by to) obstinately attached or devoted (to a
             pursuit etc.).  [OE weddian to pledge f. Gmc]

   we'd      contr.  1 we had.  2 we should; we would.

   wedding   n.  a marriage ceremony (considered by itself or with the
             associated celebrations).  Ьwedding breakfast a meal etc.
             usually served between a wedding and the departure for the
             honeymoon.  wedding cake a rich iced cake served at a wedding
             reception.  wedding day the day or anniversary of a wedding.
             wedding march a march played at the entrance of the bride or the
             exit of the couple at a wedding.  wedding night the night after
             a wedding (esp. with ref. to its consummation).  wedding ring a
             ring worn by a married person.  [OE weddung (as WED, -ING(1))]

   wedge(1)  n. & v.  --n.  1 a piece of wood or metal etc. tapering to a
             sharp edge, that is driven between two objects or parts of an
             object to secure or separate them.  2 anything resembling a
             wedge (a wedge of cheese; troops formed a wedge).  3 a golf club
             with a wedge-shaped head.  4 a a wedge-shaped heel.  b a shoe
             with this.  --v.tr.  1 tighten, secure, or fasten by means of a
             wedge (wedged the door open).  2 force open or apart with a
             wedge.  3 (foll. by in, into) pack or thrust (a thing or
             oneself) tightly in or into.  Ьthin end of the wedge colloq.  an
             action or procedure of little importance in itself, but likely
             to lead to more serious developments.  wedge-shaped 1 shaped
             like a solid wedge.  2 V-shaped.  ЬЬwedgelike adj.  wedgewise
             adv.  [OE wecg f. Gmc]

   wedge(2)  v.tr.  Pottery prepare (clay) for use by cutting, kneading, and
             throwing down.  [17th c.: orig. uncert.]

   wedgie    n.  colloq.  a shoe with an extended wedge-shaped heel.

   Wedgwood  n.  propr.  1 ceramic ware made by J. Wedgwood, Engl. potter d.
             1795, and his successors, esp. a kind of fine stoneware usu.
             with a white cameo design.  2 the characteristic blue colour of
             this stoneware.

   wedlock   n.  the married state.  Ьborn in (or out of) wedlock born of
             married (or unmarried) parents.  [OE wedlac marriage vow f.  wed
             pledge (rel. to WED) + -lac suffix denoting action]

   Wednesday n. & adv.  --n. the fourth day of the week, following Tuesday.
             --adv.  colloq.  1 on Wednesday.  2 (Wednesdays) on Wednesdays;
             each Wednesday.  [ME wednesdei, OE wodnesd‘g day of (the god)

   Weds.     abbr.  Wednesday.

   wee(1)    adj.  (weer; weest) 1 esp.  Sc. little; very small.  2 colloq.
             tiny; extremely small (a wee bit).  [orig. Sc. noun, f. north.ME
             wei (small) quantity f. Anglian weg: cf.  WEY]

   wee(2)    n.  esp.  Brit.  sl.  = WEE-WEE.

   weed      n. & v.  --n.  1 a wild plant growing where it is not wanted.  2
             a thin weak-looking person or horse.  3 (prec. by the) sl.  a
             marijuana.  b tobacco.  --v.  1 tr.  a clear (an area) of weeds.
             b remove unwanted parts from.  2 tr. (foll. by out) a sort out
             (inferior or unwanted parts etc.) for removal.  b rid (a
             quantity or company) of inferior or unwanted members etc.  3
             intr. cut off or uproot weeds.  Ьweed-grown overgrown with
             weeds.  weed-killer a substance used to destroy weeds.  ЬЬweeder
             n.  weedless adj.  [OE weod, of unkn. orig.]

   weeds     n.pl. (in full widow's weeds) archaic deep mourning worn by a
             widow.  [OE w‘d(e) garment f. Gmc]

   weedy     adj.  (weedier, weediest) 1 having many weeds.  2 (esp. of a
             person) weak, feeble; of poor stature.  ЬЬweediness n.

   week      n.  1 a period of seven days reckoned usu. from and to midnight
             on Saturday-Sunday.  2 a period of seven days reckoned from any
             point (would like to stay for a week).  3 the six days between
             Sundays.  4 a the five days Monday to Friday.  b a normal amount
             of work done in this period (a 35-hour week).  5 (in pl.) a long
             time; several weeks (have not seen you for weeks; did it weeks
             ago).  6 (prec. by a specified day) a week after (that day)
             (Tuesday week; tomorrow week).  [OE wice f. Gmc, prob. orig. =

   weekday   n.  a day other than Sunday or other than at a weekend (often
             attrib.: a weekday afternoon).

   weekend   n. & v.  --n.  1 Sunday and Saturday or part of Saturday.  2
             this period extended slightly esp. for a holiday or visit etc.
             (going away for the weekend; a weekend cottage).  --v.intr.
             spend a weekend (decided to weekend in the country).

   weekender n.  1 a person who spends weekends away from home.  2 Austral.
             colloq. a holiday cottage.

   weeklong  adj.  lasting for a week.

   weekly    adj., adv., & n.  --adj. done, produced, or occurring once a
             week.  --adv. once a week; from week to week.  --n.  (pl.  -ies)
             a weekly newspaper or periodical.

   ween      v.tr.  archaic be of the opinion; think, suppose.  [OE wenan f.

   weeny     adj.  (weenier, weeniest) colloq.  tiny.  Ьweeny-bopper a girl
             like a teeny-bopper but younger.  [WEE(1) after tiny, teeny]

   weep      v. & n.  --v.  (past and past part.  wept) 1 intr. shed tears.
             2 a tr. & (foll. by for) intr. shed tears for; bewail, lament
             over.  b tr. utter or express with tears ('Don't go,' he wept;
             wept her thanks).  3 a intr. be covered with or send forth
             drops.  b intr. & tr. come or send forth in drops; exude liquid
             (weeping sore).  4 intr. (as weeping adj.) (of a tree) having
             drooping branches (weeping willow).  --n. a fit or spell of
             weeping.  Ьweep out utter with tears.  ЬЬweepingly adv.  [OE
             wepan f. Gmc (prob. imit.)]

   weeper    n.  1 a person who weeps, esp.  hist. a hired mourner at a
             funeral.  2 a small image of a mourner on a monument.  3 (in
             pl.) hist.  a a man's crape hatband for funerals.  b a widow's
             black crape veil or white cuffs.

   weepie    n.  (also weepy) (pl.  -ies) colloq.  a sentimental or emotional
             film, play, etc.

   weepy     adj.  (weepier, weepiest) colloq.  inclined to weep; tearful.
             ЬЬweepily adv.  weepiness n.

   weever    n.  any marine fish of the genus Trachinus, with sharp venomous
             dorsal spines.  [perh. f. OF wivre, guivre, serpent, dragon, f.
             L vipera VIPER]

   weevil    n.  1 any destructive beetle of the family Curculionidae, with
             its head extended into a beak or rostrum and feeding esp. on
             grain.  2 any insect damaging stored grain.  ЬЬweevily adj.  [ME
             f. MLG wevel f. Gmc]

   wee-wee   n. & v.  esp.  Brit.  sl.  --n.  1 the act or an instance of
             urinating.  2 urine.  --v.intr.  (-wees, -weed) urinate.  [20th
             c.: orig. unkn.]

   w.e.f.    abbr.  with effect from.

   weft(1)   n.  1 a the threads woven across a warp to make fabric.  b yarn
             for these.  c a thing woven.  2 filling-strips in
             basket-weaving.  [OE weft(a) f. Gmc: rel. to WEAVE(1)]

   weft(2)   var. of WAFT n.  3.

   Wehrmacht n.  hist.  the German armed forces, esp. the army, from 1921 to
             1945.  [G, = defensive force]

   weigh(1)  v.  1 tr. find the weight of.  2 tr. balance in the hands to
             guess or as if to guess the weight of.  3 tr. (often foll. by
             out) a take a definite weight of; take a specified weight from a
             larger quantity.  b distribute in exact amounts by weight.  4
             tr.  a estimate the relative value, importance, or desirability
             of; consider with a view to choice, rejection, or preference
             (weighed the consequences; weighed the merits of the
             candidates).  b (foll. by with, against) compare (one
             consideration with another).  5 tr. be equal to (a specified
             weight) (weighs three kilos; weighs very little).  6 intr.  a
             have (esp. a specified) importance; exert an influence.  b
             (foll. by with) be regarded as important by (the point that
             weighs with me).  7 intr. (often foll. by on) be heavy or
             burdensome (to); be depressing (to).  Ьweigh anchor see ANCHOR.
             weigh down 1 bring or keep down by exerting weight.  2 be
             oppressive or burdensome to (weighed down with worries).  weigh
             in (of a boxer before a contest, or a jockey after a race) be
             weighed.  weigh-in n.  the weighing of a boxer before a fight.
             weighing-machine a machine for weighing persons or large
             weights.  weigh into colloq.  attack (physically or verbally).
             weigh in with colloq.  advance (an argument etc.) assertively or
             boldly.  weigh out (of a jockey) be weighed before a race.
             weigh up colloq.  form an estimate of; consider carefully.
             weigh one's words carefully choose the way one expresses
             something.  ЬЬweighable adj.  weigher n.  [OE wegan f. Gmc, rel.
             to WAY]

   weigh(2)  n.  Ьunder weigh disp. = under way.  [18th c.: from an erron.
             assoc. with weigh anchor]

             n.  a weighing-machine for vehicles, usu. having a plate set
             into the road for vehicles to drive on to.

   weight    n. & v.  --n.  1 Physics a the force experienced by a body as a
             result of the earth's gravitation (cf.  MASS(1) n.  8).  b any
             similar force with which a body tends to a centre of attraction.
             2 the heaviness of a body regarded as a property of it; its
             relative mass or the quantity of matter contained by it giving
             rise to a downward force (is twice your weight; kept in position
             by its weight).  3 a the quantitative expression of a body's
             weight (has a weight of three pounds).  b a scale of such
             weights (troy weight).  4 a body of a known weight for use in
             weighing.  5 a heavy body esp. used in a mechanism etc. (a clock
             worked by weights).  6 a load or burden (a weight off my mind).
             7 a influence, importance (carried weight with the public).  b
             preponderance (the weight of evidence was against them).  8 a
             heavy object thrown as an athletic exercise; = SHOT(1) 7.  9 the
             surface density of cloth etc. as a measure of its suitability.
             --v.tr.  1 a attach a weight to.  b hold down with a weight or
             weights.  2 (foll. by with) impede or burden.  3 Statistics
             multiply the components of (an average) by factors to take
             account of their importance.  4 assign a handicap weight to (a
             horse).  5 treat (a fabric) with a mineral etc. to make it seem
             stouter.  Ьput on weight 1 increase one's weight.  2 get fat.
             throw one's weight about (or around) colloq.  be unpleasantly
             self-assertive.  worth one's weight in gold (of a person)
             exceedingly useful or helpful.  [OE (ge)wiht f. Gmc: cf.

   weighting n.  an extra allowance paid in special cases, esp. to allow for
             a higher cost of living (London weighting).

             adj.  (of a body, esp. in an orbiting spacecraft etc.) not
             apparently acted on by gravity.  ЬЬweightlessly adv.
             weightlessness n.

             n.  the sport or exercise of lifting a heavy weight, esp. a
             barbell.  ЬЬweightlifter n.

   weighty   adj.  (weightier, weightiest) 1 weighing much; heavy.  2
             momentous, important.  3 (of utterances etc.) deserving
             consideration; careful and serious.  4 influential,
             authoritative.  ЬЬweightily adv.  weightiness n.

             n.  a usu. grey dog of a variety of pointer used as a gun dog.
             [G, f.  Weimar in Germany, where it was developed]

   weir      n.  1 a dam built across a river to raise the level of water
             upstream or regulate its flow.  2 an enclosure of stakes etc.
             set in a stream as a trap for fish.  [OE wer f.  werian dam up]

   weird     adj. & n.  --adj.  1 uncanny, supernatural.  2 colloq. strange,
             queer, incomprehensible.  3 archaic connected with fate.  --n.
             esp.  Sc.  archaic fate, destiny.  Ьthe weird sisters 1 the
             Fates.  2 witches.  ЬЬweirdly adv.  weirdness n.  [(earlier as
             noun) f. OE wyrd destiny f. Gmc]

   weirdie   n.  (also weirdy) (pl.  -ies) colloq.  = WEIRDO.

   weirdo    n.  (pl.  -os) colloq.  an odd or eccentric person.

             n.  the theory of heredity assuming continuity of germ-plasm and
             non-transmission of acquired characteristics.  [A.  Weismann,
             Ger. biologist d. 1914]

   weka      n.  any flightless New Zealand rail of the genus Gallirallus.
             [Maori: imit. of its cry]

   Welch     var. of WELSH (now only in Royal Welch Fusiliers).

   welch     var. of WELSH.

   welcome   n., int., v., & adj.  --n. the act or an instance of greeting or
             receiving (a person, idea, etc.) gladly; a kind or glad
             reception (gave them a warm welcome).  --int. expressing such a
             greeting (welcome!; welcome home!).  --v.tr. receive with a
             welcome (welcomed them home; would welcome the opportunity).
             --adj.  1 that one receives with pleasure (a welcome guest;
             welcome news).  2 (foll. by to, or to + infin.)  a cordially
             allowed or invited; released of obligation (you are welcome to
             use my car).  b iron. gladly given (an unwelcome task, thing,
             etc.) (here's my work and you are welcome to it).  Ьmake welcome
             receive hospitably.  outstay one's welcome stay too long as a
             visitor etc.  you are welcome there is no need for thanks.
             ЬЬwelcomely adv.  welcomeness n.  welcomer n.  welcomingly adv.
             [orig. OE wilcuma one whose coming is pleasing f.  wil- desire,
             pleasure + cuma comer, with later change to wel- WELL(1) after
             OF bien venu or ON velkominn]

   weld(1)   v. & n.  --v.tr.  1 a hammer or press (pieces of iron or other
             metal usu. heated but not melted) into one piece.  b join by
             fusion with an electric arc etc.  c form by welding into some
             article.  2 fashion (arguments, members of a group, etc.) into
             an effectual or homogeneous whole.  --n. a welded joint.
             ЬЬweldable adj.  weldability n.  welder n.  [alt. of WELL(2) v.
             in obs. sense 'melt or weld (heated metal)', prob. infl.  by
             past part.]

   weld(2)   n.  1 a plant, Reseda luteola, yielding a yellow dye.  2 hist.
             this dye.  [ME f. OE w(e)alde (unrecorded): cf. MDu.  woude, MLG

   welfare   n.  1 well-being, happiness; health and prosperity (of a person
             or a community etc.).  2 (Welfare) a the maintenance of persons
             in such a condition esp. by statutory procedure or social
             effort.  b financial support given for this purpose.  Ьwelfare
             state 1 a system whereby the State undertakes to protect the
             health and well-being of its citizens, esp. those in financial
             or social need, by means of grants, pensions, etc.  2 a country
             practising this system.  welfare work organized effort for the
             welfare of the poor, disabled, etc.  [ME f.  WELL(1) + FARE]

   welfarism n.  principles characteristic of a welfare state.  ЬЬwelfarist

   welkin    n.  poet.  sky; the upper air.  [OE wolcen cloud, sky]

   well(1)   adv., adj., & int.  --adv.  (better, best) 1 in a satisfactory
             way (you have worked well).  2 in the right way (well said; you
             did well to tell me).  3 with some talent or distinction (plays
             the piano well).  4 in a kind way (treated me well).  5
             thoroughly, carefully (polish it well).  6 with heartiness or
             approval; favourably (speak well of; the book was well
             reviewed).  7 probably, reasonably, advisably (you may well be
             right; you may well ask; we might well take the risk).  8 to a
             considerable extent (is well over forty).  9 successfully,
             fortunately (it turned out well).  10 luckily, opportunely (well
             met!).  11 with a fortunate outcome; without disaster (were well
             rid of them).  12 profitably (did well for themselves).  13
             comfortably, abundantly, liberally (we live well here; the job
             pays well).  --adj.  (better, best) 1 (usu.  predic.) in good
             health (are you well?; was not a well person).  2 (predic.) a in
             a satisfactory state or position (all is well).  b advisable (it
             would be well to enquire).  --int. expressing surprise,
             resignation, insistence, etc., or resumption or continuation of
             talk, used esp. after a pause in speaking (well I never!; well,
             I suppose so; well, who was it?).  Ьas well 1 in addition; to an
             equal extent.  2 (also just as well) with equal reason; with no
             loss of advantage or need for regret (may as well give up; it
             would be just as well to stop now).  as well as in addition to.
             leave (or let) well alone avoid needless change or disturbance.
             well-acquainted (usu. foll. by with) familiar.  well-adjusted 1
             in a good state of adjustment.  2 Psychol. mentally and
             emotionally stable.  well-advised (usu. foll. by to + infin.)
             (of a person) prudent (would be well-advised to wait).
             well-affected (often foll. by to, towards) favourably disposed.
             well and good expressing dispassionate acceptance of a decision
             etc.  well and truly decisively, completely.  well-appointed
             having all the necessary equipment.  well aware certainly aware
             (well aware of the danger).  well away 1 having made
             considerable progress.  2 colloq. fast asleep or drunk.
             well-balanced 1 sane, sensible.  2 equally matched.
             well-behaved see BEHAVE.  well-being a state of being well,
             healthy, contented, etc.  well-beloved adj.  dearly loved.  --n.
             (pl. same) a dearly loved person.  well-born of noble family.
             well-bred having or showing good breeding or manners.
             well-built 1 of good construction.  2 (of a person) big and
             strong and well-proportioned.  well-chosen (of words etc.)
             carefully selected for effect.  well-conditioned in good
             physical or moral condition.  well-conducted (of a meeting etc.)
             properly organized and controlled.  well-connected see
             CONNECTED.  well-covered colloq.  plump, corpulent.
             well-defined clearly indicated or determined.  well-deserved
             rightfully merited or earned.  well-disposed (often foll. by
             towards) having a good disposition or friendly feeling (for).
             well done 1 (of meat etc.) thoroughly cooked.  2 (of a task
             etc.) performed well (also as int.).  well-dressed fashionably
             smart.  well-earned fully deserved.  well-endowed 1 well
             provided with talent etc.  2 colloq. sexually potent or
             attractive.  well-favoured good-looking.  well-fed having or
             having had plenty to eat.  well-found = well-appointed.
             well-founded (of suspicions etc.) based on good evidence; having
             a foundation in fact or reason.  well-groomed (of a person) with
             carefully tended hair, clothes, etc.  well-grounded 1 =
             well-founded.  2 having a good training in or knowledge of the
             groundwork of a subject.  well-heeled colloq.  wealthy.
             well-hung colloq.  (of a man) having large genitals.
             well-informed having much knowledge or information about a
             subject.  well-intentioned having or showing good intentions.
             well-judged opportunely, skilfully, or discreetly done.
             well-kept kept in good order or condition.  well-knit (esp. of a
             person) compact; not loose-jointed or sprawling.  well-known 1
             known to many.  2 known thoroughly.  well-made 1 strongly or
             skilfully manufactured.  2 (of a person or animal) having a good
             build.  well-mannered having good manners.  well-marked
             distinct; easy to detect.  well-matched see MATCH(1).
             well-meaning (or -meant) well-intentioned (but ineffective or
             unwise).  well off 1 having plenty of money.  2 in a fortunate
             situation or circumstances.  well-oiled colloq.  1 drunk.  2 (of
             a compliment etc.) easily expressed through habitual use.
             well-ordered arranged in an orderly manner.  well-paid 1 (of a
             job) that pays well.  2 (of a person) amply rewarded for a job.
             well-pleased highly gratified or satisfied.  well-preserved see
             PRESERVE.  well-read knowledgeable through much reading.
             well-received welcomed; favourably received.  well-rounded 1
             complete and symmetrical.  2 (of a phrase etc.) complete and
             well expressed.  3 (of a person) having or showing a fully
             developed personality, ability, etc.  well-spent (esp. of money
             or time) used profitably.  well-spoken articulate or refined in
             speech.  well-thought-of having a good reputation; esteemed,
             respected.  well-thought-out carefully devised.  well-thumbed
             bearing marks of frequent handling.  well-timed opportune,
             timely.  well-to-do prosperous.  well-tried often tested with
             good results.  well-trodden much frequented.  well-turned 1 (of
             a compliment, phrase, or verse) elegantly expressed.  2 (of a
             leg, ankle, etc.) elegantly shaped or displayed.
             well-upholstered see UPHOLSTER.  well-wisher a person who wishes
             one well.  well-woman a woman who has undergone satisfactory
             gynaecological tests (often attrib.: well-woman clinic).
             well-worn 1 much worn by use.  2 (of a phrase etc.) trite,
             hackneyed.  well worth certainly worth (well worth a visit; well
             worth visiting).  °A hyphen is normally used in combinations of
             well- when used attributively, but not when used predicatively,
             e.g.  a well-made coat but the coat is well made.  ЬЬwellness n.
             [OE wel, well prob. f. the same stem as WILL(1)]

   well(2)   n. & v.  --n.  1 a shaft sunk into the ground to obtain water,
             oil, etc.  2 an enclosed space like a well-shaft, e.g. in the
             middle of a building for stairs or a lift, or for light or
             ventilation.  3 (foll. by of) a source, esp. a copious one (a
             well of information).  4 a a mineral spring.  b (in pl.) a spa.
             5 = ink-well.  6 archaic a water-spring or fountain.  7 Brit. a
             railed space for solicitors etc. in a lawcourt.  8 a depression
             for gravy etc. in a dish or tray, or for a mat in the floor.  9
             Physics a region of minimum potential etc.  --v.intr. (foll. by
             out, up) spring as from a fountain; flow copiously.  Ьwell-head
             (or -spring) a source.  [OE wella (= OHG wella wave, ON vella
             boiling heat), wellan boil, melt f. Gmc]

   we'll     contr.  we shall; we will.

   wellies   n.pl.  Brit.  colloq.  wellingtons.  [abbr.]

             n. (in full wellington boot) Brit.  a waterproof rubber or
             plastic boot usu. reaching the knee.  [after the 1st Duke of
             Wellington, Brit. general and statesman d. 1852]

   wellnigh  adv.  archaic or rhet.  almost (wellnigh impossible).

   Welsh     adj. & n.  --adj. of or relating to Wales or its people or
             language.  --n.  1 the Celtic language of Wales.  2 (prec. by
             the; treated as pl.) the people of Wales.  ЬWelsh corgi see
             CORGI.  Welsh dresser a type of dresser with open shelves above
             a cupboard.  Welsh harp a harp with three rows of strings.
             Welsh onion a species of onion, Allium fistulosum, forming
             clusters of bulbs.  Welsh rabbit (or rarebit by folk etymology)
             a dish of melted cheese etc. on toast.  [OE Welisc, W‘lisc,
             etc., f. Gmc f. L Volcae, the name of a Celtic people]

   welsh     v.intr.  (also welch) 1 (of a loser of a bet, esp. a bookmaker)
             decamp without paying.  2 evade an obligation.  3 (foll. by on)
             a fail to carry out a promise to (a person).  b fail to honour
             (an obligation).  ЬЬwelsher n.  [19th c.: orig. unkn.]

   Welshman  n.  (pl.  -men) a man who is Welsh by birth or descent.

             n.  (pl.  -women) a woman who is Welsh by birth or descent.

   welt      n. & v.  --n.  1 a leather rim sewn round the edge of a
             shoe-upper for the sole to be attached to.  2 = WEAL(1).  3 a
             ribbed or reinforced border of a garment; a trimming.  4 a heavy
             blow.  --v.tr.  1 provide with a welt.  2 rain welts on; thrash.
             [ME welte, walt, of unkn. orig.]

             n.  a particular philosophy or view of life; a conception of the
             world.  [G f.  Welt world + Anschauung perception]

   welter(1) v. & n.  --v.intr.  1 roll, wallow; be washed about.  2 (foll.
             by in) lie prostrate or be soaked or steeped in blood etc.  --n.
             1 a state of general confusion.  2 (foll. by of) a disorderly
             mixture or contrast of beliefs, policies, etc.  [ME f. MDu., MLG

   welter(2) n.  1 a heavy rider or boxer.  2 colloq. a heavy blow.  3
             colloq. a big person or thing.  [19th c.: orig. unkn.]

             n.  1 a weight in certain sports intermediate between
             lightweight and middleweight, in the amateur boxing scale
             63.5-67 kg but differing for professionals, wrestlers, and
             weightlifters.  2 a sportsman of this weight.  Ьjunior
             welterweight 1 a weight in professional boxing of 61.2-63.5 kg.
             2 a professional boxer of this weight.  light welterweight 1 a
             weight in amateur boxing of 60-63.5 kg.  2 an amateur boxer of
             this weight.

             n.  a feeling of pessimism; an apathetic or vaguely yearning
             outlook on life.  [G f.  Welt world + Schmerz pain]

   wen(1)    n.  1 a benign tumour on the skin esp. of the scalp.  2 an
             outstandingly large or congested city.  Ьthe great wen London.
             [OE wen, wenn, of unkn. orig.: cf. Du.  wen, MLG wene, LG wehne
             tumour, wart]

   wen(2)    n.  (also wyn) a runic letter in Old and Middle English, later
             replaced by w.  [OE, var. of wyn joy (see WINSOME), used because
             it begins with this letter: cf.  THORN 3]

   wench     n. & v.  --n.  1 joc. a girl or young woman.  2 archaic a
             prostitute.  --v.intr.  archaic (of a man) consort with
             prostitutes.  ЬЬwencher n.  [ME wenche, wenchel f. OE wencel
             child: cf. OE wancol weak, tottering]

   Wend      n.  a member of a Slavic people of N. Germany, now inhabiting E.
             Saxony.  ЬЬWendic adj.  Wendish adj.  [G Wende f. OHG Winida, of
             unkn. orig.]

   wend      v.tr. & intr.  literary or archaic go.  Ьwend one's way make
             one's way.  [OE wendan turn f. Gmc, rel. to WIND(2)]

   Wendy house
             n.  a children's small houselike tent or structure for playing
             in.  [after the house built around Wendy in Barrie's Peter Pan]

             n.  1 a variety of white or blue cheese.  2 a a sheep of a breed
             with long wool.  b this breed.  [Wensleydale in Yorkshire]

   went      past of GO(1).

             n.  any marine snail of the genus Clathrus, with a spiral shell
             of many whorls.  [Du.  wenteltrap winding stair, spiral shell]

   wept      past of WEEP.

   were      2nd sing. past, pl. past, and past subj. of BE.

   we're     contr.  we are.

   weren't   contr.  were not.

   werewolf  n.  (also werwolf) (pl.  -wolves) a mythical being who at times
             changes from a person to a wolf.  [OE werewulf: first element
             perh. f. OE wer man = L vir]

   wert      archaic 2nd sing. past of BE.

   Wesleyan  adj. & n.  --adj. of or relating to a Protestant denomination
             founded by the English evangelist John Wesley (d. 1791) (cf.
             METHODIST).  --n. a member of this denomination.  ЬЬWesleyanism

   west      n., adj., & adv.  --n.  1 a the point of the horizon where the
             sun sets at the equinoxes (cardinal point 90ш to the left of
             north).  b the compass point corresponding to this.  c the
             direction in which this lies.  2 (usu.  the West) a European in
             contrast to Oriental civilization.  b the non-Communist States
             of Europe and N. America.  c the western part of the late Roman
             Empire.  d the western part of a country, town, etc.  3 Bridge a
             player occupying the position designated 'west'.  --adj.  1
             towards, at, near, or facing west.  2 coming from the west (west
             wind).  --adv.  1 towards, at, or near the west.  2 (foll. by
             of) further west than.  Ьgo west sl.  be killed or destroyed
             etc.  West Bank a region west of the River Jordan assigned to
             Jordan in 1948 and occupied by Israel since 1967.  West Country
             the south-western counties of England.  West End the
             entertainment and shopping area of London to the west of the
             City.  West Indian 1 a native or national of any island of the
             West Indies.  2 a person of West Indian descent.  West Indies
             the islands of Central America, including Cuba and the Bahamas.
             west-north- (or south-) west the direction or compass-point
             midway between west and north-west (or south-west).  West Side
             US the western part of Manhattan.  [OE f. Gmc]

   westbound adj.  travelling or leading westwards.

   westering adj.  (of the sun) nearing the west.  [wester (v.) ME f.  WEST]

   westerly  adj., adv., & n.  --adj. & adv.  1 in a western position or
             direction.  2 (of a wind) blowing from the west.  --n.  (pl.
             -ies) a wind blowing from the west.  [wester (adj.) f. OE westra
             f.  WEST]

   western   adj. & n.  --adj.  1 of or in the west; inhabiting the west.  2
             lying or directed towards the west.  3 (Western) of or relating
             to the West (see WEST n.  2).  --n. a film or novel about
             cowboys in western North America.  ЬWestern Church the part of
             Christendom that has continued to derive its authority,
             doctrine, and ritual from the popes in Rome.  Western hemisphere
             the half of the earth containing the Americas.  Western roll a
             technique of turning the body over the bar in high-jumping.
             ЬЬwesternmost adj.  [OE westerne (as WEST, -ERN)]

   westerner n.  a native or inhabitant of the west.

             v.tr.  (also Westernize, -ise) influence with or convert to the
             ideas and customs etc. of the West.  ЬЬwesternization n.
             westernizer n.

   westing   n.  Naut.  the distance travelled or the angle of longitude
             measured westward from either a defined north-south grid line or
             a meridian.

             n.  the Parliament at Westminster in London.

   westward  adj., adv., & n.  --adj. & adv.  (also westwards) towards the
             west.  --n. a westward direction or region.

   wet       adj., v., & n.  --adj.  (wetter, wettest) 1 soaked, covered, or
             dampened with water or other liquid (a wet sponge; a wet
             surface; got my feet wet).  2 (of the weather etc.) rainy (a wet
             day).  3 (of paint, ink, etc.) not yet dried.  4 used with water
             (wet shampoo).  5 Brit.  colloq. feeble, inept.  6 Brit.  Polit.
             colloq. Conservative with liberal tendencies, esp. as regarded
             by right-wing Conservatives.  7 sl. (of a country, of
             legislation, etc.) allowing the free sale of alcoholic drink.  8
             (of a baby or young child) incontinent (is still wet at night).
             --v.tr.  (wetting; past and past part.  wet or wetted) 1 make
             wet.  2 a urinate in or on (wet the bed).  b refl. urinate
             involuntarily.  --n.  1 moisture; liquid that wets something.  2
             rainy weather; a time of rain.  3 Brit.  colloq. a feeble or
             inept person.  4 Brit.  Polit.  colloq. a Conservative with
             liberal tendencies (see sense 6 of adj.).  5 colloq. a drink.
             Ьwet the baby's head colloq.  celebrate its birth with a (usu.
             alcoholic) drink.  wet behind the ears immature, inexperienced.
             wet blanket see BLANKET.  wet dock a dock in which a ship can
             float.  wet dream an erotic dream with involuntary ejaculation
             of semen.  wet fly an artificial fly used under water by an
             angler.  wet look a shiny surface given to clothing materials.
             wet-nurse n.  a woman employed to suckle another's child.
             --v.tr.  1 act as a wet-nurse to.  2 colloq. treat as if
             helpless.  wet pack the therapeutic wrapping of the body in wet
             cloths etc.  wet suit a close-fitting rubber garment worn by
             skin-divers etc. to keep warm.  wet through (or to the skin)
             with one's clothes soaked.  wetting agent a substance that helps
             water etc. to spread or penetrate.  wet one's whistle colloq.
             drink.  ЬЬwetly adv.  wetness n.  wettable adj.  wetting n.
             wettish adj.  [OE w‘t (adj. & n.), w‘tan (v.), rel. to WATER: in
             ME replaced by past part. of the verb]

   wetback   n.  US colloq.  an illegal immigrant from Mexico to the US.
             [WET + BACK: from the practice of swimming the Rio Grande to
             reach the US]

   wether    n.  a castrated ram.  [OE f. Gmc]

   wetlands  n.pl.  swamps and other damp areas of land.

   we've     contr.  we have.

   wey       n.  a former unit of weight or volume varying with different
             kinds of goods, e.g. 3 cwt. of cheese.  [OE w‘g(e) balance,
             weight f. Gmc, rel. to WEIGH(1)]

   w.f.      abbr.  Printing wrong fount.

   WFTU      abbr.  World Federation of Trade Unions.

   Wg. Cdr.  abbr.  Wing Commander.

   whack     v. & n.  colloq.  --v.tr.  1 strike or beat forcefully with a
             sharp blow.  2 (as whacked adj.) esp.  Brit. tired out;
             exhausted.  --n.  1 a sharp or resounding blow.  2 sl. a share.
             Ьhave a whack at sl.  attempt.  out of whack esp.  US sl.  out
             of order; malfunctioning.  ЬЬwhacker n.  whacking n.  [imit., or
             alt. of THWACK]

   whacking  adj. & adv.  colloq.  --adj. very large.  --adv. very (a
             whacking great skyscraper).

   whacko    int.  sl.  expressing delight or enjoyment.

   whacky    var. of WACKY.

   whale(1)  n.  (pl. same or whales) any of the larger marine mammals of the
             order Cetacea, having a streamlined body and horizontal tail,
             and breathing through a blowhole on the head.  Ьa whale of a
             colloq.  an exceedingly good or fine etc.  whale-oil oil from
             the blubber of whales.  whale shark a large tropical whalelike
             shark, Rhincodon typus, feeding close to the surface.  [OE hw‘l]

   whale(2)  v.tr.  esp.  US colloq.  beat, thrash.  [var. of WALE]

   whaleback n.  anything shaped like a whale's back.

   whaleboat n.  a double-bowed boat of a kind used in whaling.

   whalebone n.  an elastic horny substance growing in thin parallel plates
             in the upper jaw of some whales, used as stiffening etc.
             Ьwhalebone whale a baleen whale.

   whaler    n.  1 a whaling ship or a seaman engaged in whaling.  2 an
             Australian shark of the genus Carcharhinus.  3 Austral.  sl. a

   whaling   n.  the practice or industry of hunting and killing whales, esp.
             for their oil or whalebone.  Ьwhaling-master the captain of a

   wham      int., n., & v.  colloq.  --int. expressing the sound of a
             forcible impact.  --n. such a sound.  --v.  (whammed, whamming)
             1 intr. make such a sound or impact.  2 tr. strike forcibly.

   whammy    n.  (pl.  -ies) US colloq.  an evil or unlucky influence.  [20th
             c.: orig. unkn.]

   whang     v. & n.  colloq.  --v.  1 tr. strike heavily and loudly; whack.
             2 intr. (of a drum etc.) sound under or as under a blow.  --n. a
             whanging sound or blow.  [imit.]

   whangee   n.  1 a Chinese or Japanese bamboo of the genus Phyllostachys.
             2 a cane made from this.  [Chin.  huang old bamboo-sprouts]

   whare     n.  a Maori hut or house.  [Maori]

   wharf     n. & v.  --n.  (pl.  wharves or wharfs) a level quayside area to
             which a ship may be moved to load and unload.  --v.tr.  1 moor
             (a ship) at a wharf.  2 store (goods) on a wharf.  [OE hwearf]

   wharfage  n.  1 accommodation at a wharf.  2 a fee for this.

   wharfie   n.  Austral. & NZ colloq.  a waterside worker; a wharf-labourer.

             n.  an owner or keeper of a wharf.  [prob. ult. f.  WHARFAGE]

   wharves   pl. of WHARF.

   what      adj., pron., & adv.  --interrog.adj.  1 asking for a choice from
             an indefinite number or for a statement of amount, number, or
             kind (what books have you read?; what news have you?).  2
             colloq. = WHICH interrog.adj. (what book have you chosen?).
             --adj. (usu. in exclam.) how great or remarkable (what luck!).
             --rel.adj. the or any ... that (will give you what help I can).
             --pron.  (corresp. to the functions of the adj.) 1 what thing or
             things? (what is your name?; I don't know what you mean).  2
             (asking for a remark to be repeated) = what did you say?  3
             asking for confirmation or agreement of something not completely
             understood (you did what?; what, you really mean it?).  4 how
             much (what you must have suffered!).  5 (as rel.pron.) that or
             those which; a or the or any thing which (what followed was
             worse; tell me what you think).  --adv. to what extent (what
             does it matter?).  Ьwhat about what is the news or position or
             your opinion of (what about me?; what about a game of tennis?).
             what-d'you-call-it (or what's-its-name) a substitute for a name
             not recalled.  what ever what at all or in any way (what ever do
             you mean?) (see also WHATEVER).  what for colloq.  1 for what
             reason?  2 a severe reprimand (esp.  give a person what for).
             what have you colloq. (prec. by or) anything else similar.  what
             if?  1 what would result etc. if.  2 what would it matter if.
             what is more and as an additional point; moreover.  what next?
             colloq.  what more absurd, shocking, or surprising thing is
             possible?  what not (prec. by and) other similar things.  what
             of?  what is the news concerning?  what of it?  why should that
             be considered significant?  what's-his (or -its) -name =
             what-d'you-call-it.  what's what colloq.  what is useful or
             important etc.  what with colloq.  because of (usu. several
             things).  [OE hw‘t f. Gmc]

   whate'er  poet.  var. of WHATEVER.

   whatever  adj. & pron.  1 = WHAT (in relative uses) with the emphasis on
             indefiniteness (lend me whatever you can; whatever money you
             have).  2 though anything (we are safe whatever happens).  3
             (with neg. or interrog.) at all; of any kind (there is no doubt
             whatever).  4 colloq. = what ever.  Ьor whatever colloq.  or
             anything similar.

   whatnot   n.  1 an indefinite or trivial thing.  2 a stand with shelves
             for small objects.

   whatso    adj. & pron.  archaic = WHATEVER 1, 2.  [ME, = WHAT + SO, f. OE
             swa hw‘t swa]

             poet.  var. of WHATSOEVER.

             adj. & pron.  = WHATEVER 1, 2, 3.

   whaup     n.  esp.  Sc.  a curlew.  [imit. of its cry]

   wheal     var. of WEAL(1).

   wheat     n.  1 any cereal plant of the genus Triticum, bearing dense
             four-sided seed-spikes.  2 its grain, used in making flour etc.
             Ьseparate the wheat from the chaff see CHAFF.  wheat-belt a
             region where wheat is the chief agricultural product.  wheat
             germ the embryo of the wheat grain, extracted as a source of
             vitamins.  wheat-grass = couch grass (see COUCH(2)).  [OE hw‘te
             f. Gmc, rel. to WHITE]

   wheatear  n.  any small migratory bird of the genus Oenanthe, esp. with a
             white belly and rump.  [app. f.  wheatears (as WHITE, ARSE)]

   wheaten   adj.  made of wheat.

   wheatmeal n.  flour made from wheat with some of the bran and germ

   Wheatstone bridge
             n.  an apparatus for measuring electrical resistances by
             equalizing the potential at two points of a circuit.  [C.
             Wheatstone, Engl. physicist d. 1875]

   whee      int.  expressing delight or excitement.  [imit.]

   wheedle   v.tr.  1 coax by flattery or endearments.  2 (foll. by out) a
             get (a thing) out of a person by wheedling.  b cheat (a person)
             out of a thing by wheedling.  ЬЬwheedler n.  wheedling adj.
             wheedlingly adv.  [perh. f. G wedeln fawn, cringe f.  Wedel

   wheel     n. & v.  --n.  1 a circular frame or disc arranged to revolve on
             an axle and used to facilitate the motion of a vehicle or for
             various mechanical purposes.  2 a wheel-like thing (Catherine
             wheel; potter's wheel; steering wheel).  3 motion as of a wheel,
             esp. the movement of a line of people with one end as a pivot.
             4 a machine etc. of which a wheel is an essential part.  5 (in
             pl.) sl. a car.  6 US sl. = big wheel 2.  7 a set of short lines
             concluding a stanza.  --v.  1 intr. & tr.  a turn on an axis or
             pivot.  b swing round in line with one end as a pivot.  2 a
             intr. (often foll. by about, round) change direction or face
             another way.  b tr. cause to do this.  3 tr. push or pull (a
             wheeled thing esp. a barrow, bicycle, or pram, or its load or
             occupant).  4 intr. go in circles or curves (seagulls wheeling
             overhead).  Ьat the wheel 1 driving a vehicle.  2 directing a
             ship.  3 in control of affairs.  on wheels (or oiled wheels)
             smoothly.  wheel and deal engage in political or commercial
             scheming.  wheel-back adj.  (of a chair) with a back shaped like
             or containing the design of a wheel.  wheel-house a steersman's
             shelter.  wheel-lock 1 an old kind of gunlock having a steel
             wheel to rub against flint etc.  2 a gun with this.  wheel of
             Fortune luck.  wheel-spin rotation of a vehicle's wheels without
             traction.  wheels within wheels 1 intricate machinery.  2
             colloq. indirect or secret agencies.  ЬЬwheeled adj. (also in
             comb.).  wheelless adj.  [OE hweol, hweogol f. Gmc]

             n.  a small cart with one wheel and two shafts for carrying
             garden loads etc.

   wheelbase n.  the distance between the front and rear axles of a vehicle.

             n.  a chair on wheels for an invalid or disabled person.

   wheeler   n.  1 (in comb.) a vehicle having a specified number of wheels.
             2 a wheelwright.  3 a horse harnessed next to the wheels and
             behind another.  Ьwheeler-dealer a person who wheels and deals.

   wheelie   n.  sl.  the stunt of riding a bicycle or motor cycle for a
             short distance with the front wheel off the ground.

   wheelman  n.  esp.  US 1 a driver of a wheeled vehicle.  2 a helmsman.

   wheelsman n.  (pl.  -men) US a steersman.

             n.  a person who makes or repairs esp. wooden wheels.

   wheeze    v. & n.  --v.  1 intr. breathe with an audible chesty whistling
             sound.  2 tr. (often foll. by out) utter in this way.  --n.  1 a
             sound of wheezing.  2 colloq.  a Brit. a clever scheme.  b an
             actor's interpolated joke etc.  c a catch-phrase.  ЬЬwheezer n.
             wheezingly adv.  wheezy adj.  (wheezier, wheeziest).  wheezily
             adv.  wheeziness n.  [prob. f. ON hv‘sa to hiss]

   whelk(1)  n.  any predatory marine gastropod mollusc of the family
             Buccinidae, esp. the edible kind of the genus Baccinum, having a
             spiral shell.  [OE wioloc, weoloc, of unkn. orig.: perh. infl.
             by WHELK(2)]

   whelk(2)  n.  a pimple.  [OE hwylca f.  hwelian suppurate]

   whelm     v.tr.  poet.  1 engulf, submerge.  2 crush with weight,
             overwhelm.  [OE hwelman (unrecorded) = hwylfan overturn]

   whelp     n. & v.  --n.  1 a young dog; a puppy.  2 archaic a cub.  3 an
             ill-mannered child or youth.  4 (esp. in pl.) a projection on
             the barrel of a capstan or windlass.  --v.tr. (also absol.) 1
             bring forth (a whelp or whelps).  2 derog. (of a human mother)
             give birth to.  3 originate (an evil scheme etc.).  [OE hwelp]

   when      adv., conj., pron., & n.  --interrog.adv.  1 at what time?  2 on
             what occasion?  3 how soon?  4 how long ago?  --rel.adv. (prec.
             by time etc.) at or on which (there are times when I could cry).
             --conj.  1 at the or any time that; as soon as (come when you
             like; come when ready; when I was your age).  2 although;
             considering that (why stand up when you could sit down?).  3
             after which; and then; but just then (was nearly asleep when the
             bell rang).  --pron. what time? (till when can you stay?; since
             when it has been better).  --n. time, occasion, date (fixed the
             where and when).  [OE hwanne, hwenne]

   whence    adv. & conj.  formal --adv. from what place? (whence did they
             come?).  --conj.  1 to the place from which (return whence you
             came).  2 (often prec. by place etc.) from which (the source
             whence these errors arise).  3 and thence (whence it follows
             that).  °Use of from whence as in the place from whence they
             came, though common, is generally considered incorrect.  [ME
             whannes, whennes f.  whanne, whenne f. OE hwanon(e) whence,
             formed as WHEN + -S(3): cf.  THENCE]

             adv. & conj.  formal from whatever place or source.

   whene'er  poet.  var. of WHENEVER.

   whenever  conj. & adv.  1 at whatever time; on whatever occasion.  2 every
             time that.  Ьor whenever colloq.  or at any similar time.

             poet.  var. of WHENSOEVER.

             conj. & adv.  formal = WHENEVER.

   where     adv., conj., pron., & n.  --interrog.adv.  1 in or to what place
             or position? (where is the milk?; where are you going?).  2 in
             what direction or respect? (where does the argument lead?; where
             does it concern us?).  3 in what book etc.?; from whom? (where
             did you read that?; where did you hear that?).  4 in what
             situation or condition? (where does that leave us?).  --rel.adv.
             (prec. by place etc.) in or to which (places where they meet).
             --conj.  1 in or to the or any place, direction, or respect in
             which (go where you like; that is where you are wrong; delete
             where applicable).  2 and there (reached Crewe, where the car
             broke down).  --pron. what place? (where do you come from?;
             where are you going to?).  --n. place; scene of something (see
             WHEN n.).  [OE hw‘r, hwar]

             adv. & n.  --adv.  where or approximately where? (whereabouts
             are they?; show me whereabouts to look).  --n.  (as sing. or
             pl.) a person's or thing's location roughly defined.

             conj.  formal after which.

   whereas   conj.  1 in contrast or comparison with the fact that.  2 (esp.
             in legal preambles) taking into consideration the fact that.

   whereat   conj.  archaic 1 at which place or point.  2 for which reason.

   whereby   conj.  by what or which means.

   where'er  poet.  var. of WHEREVER.

   wherefore adv. & n.  --adv.  archaic 1 for what reason?  2 for which
             reason.  --n. a reason (the whys and wherefores).

   wherefrom conj.  archaic from which, from where.

   wherein   conj. & adv.  formal --conj. in what or which place or respect.
             --adv. in what place or respect?

   whereof   conj. & adv.  formal --conj. of what or which (the means
             whereof).  --adv. of what?

   whereon   conj. & adv.  archaic --conj. on what or which.  --adv. on what?

             poet.  var. of WHERESOEVER.

             conj. & adv.  formal or literary = WHEREVER.

   whereto   conj. & adv.  formal --conj. to what or which.  --adv. to what?

   whereupon conj.  immediately after which.

   wherever  adv. & conj.  --adv. in or to whatever place.  --conj. in every
             place that.  Ьor wherever colloq.  or in any similar place.

             n.  colloq.  money etc. needed for a purpose (has not the
             wherewithal to do it).

   wherry    n.  (pl.  -ies) 1 a light rowing-boat usu. for carrying
             passengers.  2 a large light barge.  [ME: orig. unkn.]

   wherryman n.  (pl.  -men) a man employed on a wherry.

   whet      v. & n.  --v.tr.  (whetted, whetting) 1 sharpen (a scythe or
             other tool) by grinding.  2 stimulate (the appetite or a desire,
             interest, etc.).  --n.  1 the act or an instance of whetting.  2
             a small quantity stimulating one's appetite for more.  ЬЬwhetter
             n. (also in comb.).  [OE hwettan f. Gmc]

   whether   conj.  introducing the first or both of alternative
             possibilities (I doubt whether it matters; I do not know whether
             they have arrived or not).  Ьwhether or no see NO(2).  [OE
             hw‘ther, hwether f. Gmc]

   whetstone n.  1 a tapered stone used with water to sharpen curved tools,
             e.g. sickles, hooks (cf.  OILSTONE).  2 a thing that sharpens
             the senses etc.

   whew      int.  expressing surprise, consternation, or relief.  [imit.:
             cf.  PHEW]

   whey      n.  the watery liquid left when milk forms curds.  Ьwhey-faced
             pale esp. with fear.  [OE hw‘g, hweg f. LG]

   which     adj. & pron.  --interrog.adj. asking for choice from a definite
             set of alternatives (which John do you mean?; say which book you
             prefer; which way shall we go?).  --rel.adj. being the one just
             referred to; and this or these (ten years, during which time
             they admitted nothing; a word of advice, which action is within
             your power, will set things straight).  --interrog.pron.  1
             which person or persons (which of you is responsible?).  2 which
             thing or things (say which you prefer).  --rel.pron.  (poss.  of
             which, whose) 1 which thing or things, usu. introducing a clause
             not essential for identification (cf.  THAT pron.  7) (the
             house, which is empty, has been damaged).  2 used in place of
             that after in or that (there is the house in which I was born;
             that which you have just seen).  Ьwhich is which a phrase used
             when two or more persons or things are difficult to distinguish
             from each other.  [OE hwilc f. Gmc]

   whichever adj. & pron.  1 any which (take whichever you like; whichever
             one you like).  2 no matter which (whichever one wins, they both
             get a prize).

             adj. & pron.  archaic = WHICHEVER.

   whidah    var. of WHYDAH.

   whiff     n. & v.  --n.  1 a puff or breath of air, smoke, etc. (went
             outside for a whiff of fresh air).  2 a smell (caught the whiff
             of a cigar).  3 (foll. by of) a trace or suggestion of scandal
             etc.  4 a small cigar.  5 a minor discharge (of grapeshot etc.).
             6 a light narrow outrigged sculling-boat.  --v.  1 tr. & intr.
             blow or puff lightly.  2 intr.  Brit. smell (esp. unpleasant).
             3 tr. get a slight smell of.  [imit.]

   whiffle   v. & n.  --v.  1 intr. & tr. (of the wind) blow lightly, shift
             about.  2 intr. be variable or evasive.  3 intr. (of a flame,
             leaves, etc.) flicker, flutter.  4 intr. make the sound of a
             light wind in breathing etc.  --n. a slight movement of air.
             ЬЬwhiffler n.  [WHIFF + -LE(4)]

             n.  US = SWINGLETREE.  [var. of WHIPPLETREE]

   whiffy    adj.  colloq.  (whiffier, whiffiest) having an unpleasant smell.

   Whig      n.  hist.  1 Polit. a member of the British reforming and
             constitutional party that after 1688 sought the supremacy of
             Parliament and was eventually succeeded in the 19th c. by the
             Liberal Party (opp.  TORY 2).  2 a 17th-c. Scottish
             Presbyterian.  3 US a a supporter of the American Revolution.  b
             a member of an American political party in the 19th c.,
             succeeded by the Republicans.  ЬЬWhiggery n.  Whiggish adj.
             Whiggism n.  [prob. a shortening of Sc.  whiggamer, -more,
             nickname of 17th-c. Sc. rebels, f.  whig to drive + MARE(1)]

   while     n., conj., v., & adv.  --n.  1 a space of time, time spent in
             some action (a long while ago; waited a while; all this while).
             2 (prec. by the) a during some other process.  b poet. during
             the time that.  3 (prec. by a) for some time (have not seen you
             a while).  --conj.  1 during the time that; for as long as; at
             the same time as (while I was away, the house was burgled; fell
             asleep while reading).  2 in spite of the fact that; although,
             whereas (while I want to believe it, I cannot).  3 N.Engl. until
             (wait while Monday).  --v.tr. (foll. by away) pass (time etc.)
             in a leisurely or interesting manner.  --rel.adv. (prec. by time
             etc.) during which (the summer while I was abroad).  Ьall the
             while during the whole time (that).  for a long while for a long
             time past.  for a while for some time.  a good (or great) while
             a considerable time.  in a while (or little while) soon,
             shortly.  worth while (or one's while) worth the time or effort
             spent.  [OE hwil f. Gmc: (conj.) abbr. of OE tha hwile the, ME
             the while that]

   whiles    conj.  archaic = WHILE.  [orig. in the adverbs somewhiles,

   whilom    adv. & adj.  archaic --adv. formerly, once.  --adj. former,
             erstwhile (my whilom friend).  [OE hwilum dative pl. of hwil

   whilst    adv. & conj.  esp.  Brit.  while.  [ME f.  WHILES: cf.  AGAINST]

   whim      n.  1 a a sudden fancy; a caprice.  b capriciousness.  2 archaic
             a kind of windlass for raising ore or water from a mine.  [17th
             c.: orig. unkn.]

   whimbrel  n.  a small curlew, esp.  Numenius phaeopus.  [WHIMPER (imit.):
             cf.  dotterel]

   whimper   v. & n.  --v.  1 intr. make feeble, querulous, or frightened
             sounds; cry and whine softly.  2 tr. utter whimperingly.  --n.
             1 a whimpering sound.  2 a feeble note or tone (the conference
             ended on a whimper).  ЬЬwhimperer n.  whimperingly adv.  [imit.,
             f. dial.  whimp]

   whimsical adj.  1 capricious.  2 fantastic.  3 odd or quaint; fanciful,
             humorous.  ЬЬwhimsicality n.  whimsically adv.  whimsicalness n.

   whimsy    n.  (also whimsey) (pl.  -ies or -eys) 1 a whim; a capricious
             notion or fancy.  2 capricious or quaint humour.  [rel. to
             WHIM-WHAM: cf.  flimsy]

   whim-wham n.  archaic 1 a toy or plaything.  2 = WHIM 1.  [redupl.: orig.

   whin(1)   n.  (in sing. or pl.) furze, gorse.  [prob. Scand.: cf. Norw.
             hvine, Sw.  hven]

   whin(2)   n.  1 hard dark esp. basaltic rock or stone.  2 a piece of this.
             [ME: orig. unkn.]

   whinchat  n.  a small brownish songbird, Saxicola rubetra.  [WHIN(1) +

   whine     n. & v.  --n.  1 a complaining long-drawn wail as of a dog.  2 a
             similar shrill prolonged sound.  3 a a querulous tone.  b an
             instance of feeble or undignified complaining.  --v.  1 intr.
             emit or utter a whine.  2 intr. complain in a querulous tone or
             in a feeble or undignified way.  3 tr. utter in a whining tone.
             ЬЬwhiner n.  whiningly adv.  whiny adj.  (whinier, whiniest).
             [OE hwinan]

   whinge    v. & n.  colloq.  --v.intr. whine; grumble peevishly.  --n. a
             whining complaint; a peevish grumbling.  ЬЬwhinger n.
             whingingly adv.  whingy adj.  [OE hwinsian f. Gmc]

   whinny    n. & v.  --n.  (pl.  -ies) a gentle or joyful neigh.  --v.intr.
             (-ies, -ied) give a whinny.  [imit.: cf.  WHINE]

   whinstone n.  = WHIN(2).

   whip      n. & v.  --n.  1 a lash attached to a stick for urging on
             animals or punishing etc.  2 a a member of a political party in
             Parliament appointed to control its parliamentary discipline and
             tactics, esp. ensuring attendance and voting in debates.  b
             Brit. the whips' written notice requesting or requiring
             attendance for voting at a division etc., variously underlined
             according to the degree of urgency (three-line whip).  c (prec.
             by the) party discipline and instructions (asked for the Labour
             whip).  3 a dessert made with whipped cream etc.  4 the action
             of beating cream, eggs, etc., into a froth.  5 = WHIPPER-IN.  6
             a rope-and-pulley hoisting apparatus.  --v.  (whipped, whipping)
             1 tr. beat or urge on with a whip.  2 tr. beat (cream or eggs
             etc.) into a froth.  3 tr. & intr. take or move suddenly,
             unexpectedly, or rapidly (whipped away the tablecloth; whipped
             out a knife; whip off your coat; whipped behind the door).  4
             tr.  Brit.  sl. steal (who's whipped my pen?).  5 tr.  sl.  a
             excel.  b defeat.  6 tr. bind with spirally wound twine.  7 tr.
             sew with overcast stitches.  Ьwhip-bird any Australian bird of
             the genus Psophodes with a cry like the crack of a whip.
             whip-crane a light derrick with tackle for hoisting.  whip-graft
             Hort.  a graft with the tongue of the scion in a slot in the
             stock and vice versa.  whip hand 1 a hand that holds the whip
             (in riding etc.).  2 (usu. prec. by the) the advantage or
             control in any situation.  whip in bring (hounds) together.
             whip on urge into action.  whip-round esp.  Brit.  colloq.  an
             informal collection of money from a group of people.  whip
             scorpion any arachnid of the order Uropygi, with a long slender
             tail-like appendage, which secretes an irritating vapour.  whip
             snake any of various long slender snakes of the family
             Colubridae.  whip-stitch a stitch made by whipping.  whip up 1
             excite or stir up (feeling etc.).  2 summon (attendance).
             ЬЬwhipless adj.  whiplike adj.  whipper n.  [ME (h)wippen (v.),
             prob. f. MLG & MDu.  wippen swing, leap, dance]

   whipcord  n.  1 a tightly twisted cord such as is used for making
             whiplashes.  2 a close-woven worsted fabric.

   whiplash  n.  1 the flexible end of a whip.  2 a blow with a whip.
             Ьwhiplash injury an injury to the neck caused by a jerk of the
             head, esp. as in a motor accident.

             n.  a huntsman's assistant who manages the hounds.

             n.  1 a small child.  2 an insignificant but presumptuous or
             intrusive (esp. young) person.  [perh. for whipsnapper, implying
             noise and unimportance]

   whippet   n.  a cross-bred dog of the greyhound type used for racing.
             [prob. f. obs.  whippet move briskly, f.  whip it]

   whipping  n.  1 a beating, esp. with a whip.  2 cord wound round in
             binding.  Ьwhipping-boy 1 a scapegoat.  2 hist. a boy educated
             with a young prince and punished instead of him.  whipping-cream
             cream suitable for whipping.  whipping-post hist.  a post used
             for public whippings.  whipping-top a top kept spinning by blows
             of a lash.

             n.  = SWINGLETREE.  [app. f.  WHIP + TREE]

             n.  an American nightjar, Caprimulgus vociferus.  [imit. of its

   whippy    adj.  (whippier, whippiest) flexible, springy.  ЬЬwhippiness n.

   whipsaw   n. & v.  --n. a saw with a narrow blade held at each end by a
             frame.  --v.  (past part.  -sawn or -sawed) 1 tr. cut with a
             whipsaw.  2 US sl.  a tr. cheat by joint action on two others.
             b intr. be cheated in this way.

   whipstock n.  the handle of a whip.

   whir      var. of WHIRR.

   whirl     v. & n.  --v.  1 tr. & intr. swing round and round; revolve
             rapidly.  2 tr. & intr. (foll. by away) convey or go rapidly in
             a vehicle etc.  3 tr. & intr. send or travel swiftly in an orbit
             or a curve.  4 intr.  a (of the brain, senses, etc.) seem to
             spin round.  b (of thoughts etc.) be confused; follow each other
             in bewildering succession.  --n.  1 a whirling movement
             (vanished in a whirl of dust).  2 a state of intense activity
             (the social whirl).  3 a state of confusion (my mind is in a
             whirl).  4 colloq. an attempt (give it a whirl).  Ьwhirling
             dervish see DERVISH.  ЬЬwhirler n.  whirlingly adv.  [ME: (v.)
             f. ON hvirfla: (n.) f. MLG & MDu.  wervel spindle & ON hvirfill
             circle f. Gmc]

   whirligig n.  1 a spinning or whirling toy.  2 a merry-go-round.  3 a
             revolving motion.  4 anything regarded as hectic or constantly
             changing (the whirligig of time).  5 any freshwater beetle of
             the family Gyrinidae that circles about on the surface.  [ME f.
             WHIRL + obs.  gig whipping-top]

   whirlpool n.  a powerful circular eddy in the sea etc. often causing
             suction to its centre.

   whirlwind n.  1 a mass or column of air whirling rapidly round and round
             in a cylindrical or funnel shape over land or water.  2 a
             confused tumultuous process.  3 (attrib.) very rapid (a
             whirlwind romance).  Ьreap the whirlwind suffer worse results of
             a bad action.

             n.  colloq.  a helicopter.

   whirr     n. & v.  (also whir) --n. a continuous rapid buzzing or softly
             clicking sound as of a bird's wings or of cog-wheels in constant
             motion.  --v.intr.  (whirred, whirring) make this sound.  [ME,
             prob. Scand.: cf. Da.  hvirre, Norw.  kvirra, perh. rel. to

   whisht    v.  (also whist) esp.  Sc. & Ir.  dial.  1 intr. (esp. as int.)
             be quiet; hush.  2 tr. quieten.  [imit.]

   whisk     v. & n.  --v.  1 tr. (foll. by away, off) a brush with a
             sweeping movement.  b take with a sudden motion (whisked the
             plate away).  2 tr. whip (cream, eggs, etc.).  3 tr. & intr.
             convey or go (esp. out of sight) lightly or quickly (whisked me
             off to the doctor; the mouse whisked into its hole).  4 tr. wave
             or lightly brandish.  --n.  1 a whisking action or motion.  2 a
             utensil for whisking eggs or cream etc.  3 a bunch of grass,
             twigs, bristles, etc., for removing dust or flies.  [ME wisk,
             prob. Scand.: cf. ON visk wisp]

   whisker   n.  1 (usu. in pl.) the hair growing on a man's face, esp. on
             the cheek.  2 each of the bristles on the face of a cat etc.  3
             colloq. a small distance (within a whisker of; won by a
             whisker).  4 a strong hairlike crystal of metal etc.  Ьhave (or
             have grown) whiskers colloq.  (esp. of a story etc.) be very
             old.  ЬЬwhiskered adj.  whiskery adj.  [WHISK + -ER(1)]

   whisky    n.  (Ir., US whiskey) (pl.  -ies or -eys) 1 a spirit distilled
             esp. from malted barley, other grains, or potatoes, etc.  2 a
             drink of this.  [abbr. of obs.  whiskybae, var. of USQUEBAUGH]

   whisper   v. & n.  --v.  1 a intr. speak very softly without vibration of
             the vocal cords.  b intr. & tr. talk or say in a barely audible
             tone or in a secret or confidential way.  2 intr. speak
             privately or conspiratorially.  3 intr. (of leaves, wind, or
             water) rustle or murmur.  --n.  1 whispering speech (talking in
             whispers).  2 a whispering sound.  3 a thing whispered.  4 a
             rumour or piece of gossip.  Ьit is whispered there is a rumour.
             whispering-gallery a gallery esp. under a dome with acoustic
             properties such that a whisper may be heard round its entire
             circumference.  ЬЬwhisperer n.  whispering n.  [OE hwisprian f.

   whist(1)  n.  a card-game usu. for four players, with the winning of
             tricks.  Ьwhist drive a social occasion with the playing of
             progressive whist.  [earlier whisk, perh. f.  WHISK (with ref.
             to whisking away the tricks): perh. assoc. with WHIST(2)]

   whist(2)  var. of WHISHT.

   whistle   n. & v.  --n.  1 a clear shrill sound made by forcing breath
             through a small hole between nearly closed lips.  2 a similar
             sound made by a bird, the wind, a missile, etc.  3 an instrument
             used to produce such a sound.  --v.  1 intr. emit a whistle.  2
             a intr. give a signal or express surprise or derision by
             whistling.  b tr. (often foll. by up) summon or give a signal to
             (a dog etc.) by whistling.  3 tr. (also absol.) produce (a tune)
             by whistling.  4 intr. (foll. by for) vainly seek or desire.
             Ьas clean (or clear or dry) as a whistle very clean or clear or
             dry.  blow the whistle on colloq.  bring (an activity) to an
             end; inform on (those responsible).  whistle down the wind 1 let
             go, abandon.  2 turn (a hawk) loose.  whistle in the dark
             pretend to be unafraid.  whistle-stop 1 US a small unimportant
             town on a railway.  2 a politician's brief pause for an
             electioneering speech on tour.  3 (attrib.) with brief pauses (a
             whistle-stop tour).  whistling kettle a kettle fitted with a
             whistle sounded by steam when the kettle is boiling.  [OE
             (h)wistlian (v.), (h)wistle (n.) of imit. orig.: cf. ON hvЎsla
             whisper, MSw.  hvisla whistle]

   whistler  n.  1 any bird of the genus Pachycephala, with a whistling cry.
             2 a kind of marmot.

   Whit      adj.  connected with, belonging to, or following Whit Sunday
             (Whit Monday; Whit weekend).  ЬWhit Sunday the seventh Sunday
             after Easter, commemorating the descent of the Holy Spirit at
             Pentecost (Acts 2).  [OE Hwita Sunnand‘g, lit. white Sunday,
             prob. f. the white robes of the newly-baptized at Pentecost]

   whit      n.  a particle; a least possible amount (not a whit better).
             Ьevery whit the whole; wholly.  no (or never a or not a) whit
             not at all.  [earlier w(h)yt app. alt. f.  WIGHT in phr.  no
             wight etc.]

   white     adj., n., & v.  --adj.  1 resembling a surface reflecting
             sunlight without absorbing any of the visible rays; of the
             colour of milk or fresh snow.  2 approaching such a colour; pale
             esp. in the face (turned as white as a sheet).  3 less dark than
             other things of the same kind.  4 (White) a of the human group
             having light-coloured skin.  b of or relating to White people.
             5 albino (white mouse).  6 a (of hair) having lost its colour
             esp. in old age.  b (of a person) white-haired.  7 colloq.
             innocent, untainted.  8 (in comb.) (of esp. animals) having some
             white on the body (white-throated).  9 a (of a plant) having
             white flowers or pale-coloured fruit etc. (white hyacinth; white
             cauliflower).  b (of a tree) having light-coloured bark etc.
             (white ash; white poplar).  10 (of wine) made from white grapes
             or dark grapes with the skins removed.  11 (of coffee) with milk
             or cream added.  12 transparent, colourless (white glass).  13
             hist. counter-revolutionary or reactionary (white guard; white
             army).  --n.  1 a white colour or pigment.  2 a white clothes or
             material (dressed in white).  b (in pl.) white garments as worn
             in cricket, tennis, etc.  3 a (in a game or sport) a white
             piece, ball, etc.  b the player using such pieces.  4 the white
             part or albumen round the yolk of an egg.  5 the visible part of
             the eyeball round the iris.  6 (White) a member of a
             light-skinned race.  7 a white butterfly.  8 a blank space in
             printing.  --v.tr.  archaic make white.  Ьbleed white drain (a
             person, country, etc.) of wealth etc.  white admiral a
             butterfly, Limenitis camilla, with a white band across its
             wings.  white ant a termite.  white cell (or corpuscle) a
             leucocyte.  white Christmas Christmas with snow on the ground.
             white coal water as a source of power.  white-collar (of a
             worker) engaged in clerical or administrative rather than manual
             work.  white currant a cultivar of redcurrant with pale edible
             berries.  whited sepulchre see SEPULCHRE.  white dwarf a small
             very dense star.  white elephant a useless and troublesome
             possession or thing.  white ensign see ENSIGN.  white feather a
             symbol of cowardice (a white feather in the tail of a game-bird
             being a mark of bad breeding).  white fish fish with pale flesh,
             e.g. plaice, cod, etc.  white flag a symbol of surrender or a
             period of truce.  White Friar a Carmelite.  white frost see
             FROST.  white goods 1 domestic linen.  2 large domestic
             electrical equipment.  white heat 1 the temperature at which
             metal emits white light.  2 a state of intense passion or
             activity.  white hope a person expected to achieve much for a
             group, organization, etc.  white horses white-crested waves at
             sea.  white-hot at white heat.  White House the official
             residence of the US President in Washington.  white lead a
             mixture of lead carbonate and hydrated lead oxide used as
             pigment.  white lie a harmless or trivial untruth.  white light
             colourless light, e.g. ordinary daylight.  white lime lime mixed
             with water as a coating for walls; whitewash.  white magic magic
             used only for beneficent purposes.  white matter the part of the
             brain and spinal cord consisting mainly of nerve fibres (see
             also grey matter).  white meat poultry, veal, rabbit, and pork.
             white metal a white or silvery alloy.  white monk a Cistercian.
             white night a sleepless night.  white noise noise containing
             many frequencies with equal intensities.  white-out a dense
             blizzard esp. in polar regions.  white ox-eye = ox-eye daisy.
             White Paper (in the UK) a Government report giving information
             or proposals on an issue.  white pepper see PEPPER.  white
             poplar = ABELE.  white rose the emblem of Yorkshire or the House
             of York.  White Russian a Belorussian.  white sale a sale of
             household linen.  white sauce a sauce of flour, melted butter,
             and milk or cream.  White slave a woman tricked or forced into
             prostitution, usu. abroad.  White slavery traffic in White
             slaves.  white sock = STOCKING 3.  white spirit light petroleum
             as a solvent.  white sugar purified sugar.  white tie a man's
             white bow-tie as part of full evening dress.  white vitriol
             Chem.  zinc sulphate.  white water a shallow or foamy stretch of
             water.  white wedding a wedding at which the bride wears a
             formal white wedding dress.  white whale a northern cetacean,
             Delphinapterus leucas, white when adult: also called BELUGA.
             ЬЬwhitely adv.  whiteness n.  whitish adj.  [OE hwit f. Gmc]

   whitebait n.  (pl. same) 1 (usu.  pl.) the small silvery-white young of
             herrings and sprats esp. as food.  2 NZ a young inanga.

   whitebeam n.  a rosaceous tree, Sorbus aria, having red berries and leaves
             with a white downy under-side.

   whiteface n.  the white make-up of an actor etc.

   whitefish n.  (pl. same or -fishes) any freshwater fish of the genus
             Coregonus etc., of the trout family, and used esp. for food.

   whitefly  n.  (pl.  -flies) any small insect of the family Aleyrodidae,
             having wings covered with white powder and feeding on the sap of
             shrubs, crops, etc.

   Whitehall n.  1 the British Government.  2 its offices or policy.  [a
             street in London in which Government offices are situated]

   whitehead n.  colloq.  a white or white-topped skin-pustule.

   whiten    v.tr. & intr.  make or become white.  ЬЬwhitener n.  whitening

             n.  1 a worker in tin.  2 a polisher or finisher of metal goods.

             n.  the hawthorn.

             n.  a warbler, Sylvia communis, with a white patch on the

   whitewash n. & v.  --n.  1 a solution of quicklime or of whiting and size
             for whitening walls etc.  2 a means employed to conceal mistakes
             or faults in order to clear a person or institution of
             imputations.  --v.tr.  1 cover with whitewash.  2 attempt by
             concealment to clear the reputation of.  3 (in passive) (of an
             insolvent) get a fresh start by passage through a bankruptcy
             court.  4 US defeat (an opponent) without allowing any opposing
             score.  ЬЬwhitewasher n.

   whitewood n.  a light-coloured wood esp. prepared for staining etc.

   Whitey    n.  (pl.  -eys) sl.  offens.  1 a White person.  2 White people

   whither   adv. & conj.  archaic --adv.  1 to what place, position, or
             state?  2 (prec. by place etc.) to which (the house whither we
             were walking).  --conj.  1 to the or any place to which (go
             whither you will).  2 and thither (we saw a house, whither we
             walked).  [OE hwider f. Gmc: cf.  WHICH, HITHER, THITHER]

             adj. & conj.  archaic to any place to which.

             n.  a small white-fleshed fish, Merlangus merlangus, used as
             food.  [ME f. MDu.  wijting, app. formed as WHITE + -ING(3)]

             n.  ground chalk used in whitewashing, plate-cleaning, etc.

             n.  tawed leather.  [ME f.  WHITE + LEATHER]

   whitlow   n.  an inflammation near a fingernail or toenail.  [ME whitflaw,
             -flow, app. = WHITE + FLAW(1) in the sense 'crack', but perh. of
             LG orig.: cf. Du.  fijt, LG fit whitlow]

   Whitsun   n. & adj.  --n. = WHITSUNTIDE.  --adj. = WHIT.  [ME, f.  Whitsun
             Day = Whit Sunday]

             n.  the weekend or week including Whit Sunday.

   whittle   v.  1 tr. & (foll. by at) intr. pare (wood etc.) with repeated
             slicing with a knife.  2 tr. (often foll. by away, down) reduce
             by repeated subtractions.  [var. of ME thwitel long knife f. OE
             thwitan to cut off]

   whity     adj.  whitish; rather white (usu. in comb.: whity-brown) (cf.

   whiz      n. & v.  (also whizz) colloq.  --n.  1 the sound made by the
             friction of a body moving through the air at great speed.  2
             (also wiz) colloq. a person who is remarkable or skilful in some
             respect (is a whiz at chess).  --v.intr.  (whizzed, whizzing)
             move with or make a whiz.  Ьwhiz-bang colloq.  1 a high-velocity
             shell from a small-calibre gun, whose passage is heard before
             the gun's report.  2 a jumping kind of firework.  whiz-kid
             colloq.  a brilliant or highly successful young person.  [imit.:
             in sense 2 infl. by WIZARD]

   WHO       abbr.  World Health Organization.

   who       pron.  (obj.  whom or colloq.  who; poss.  whose) 1 a what or
             which person or persons? (who called?; you know who it was; whom
             or who did you see?).  °In the last example whom is correct but
             who is common in less formal contexts.  b what sort of person or
             persons? (who am I to object?).  2 (a person) that (anyone who
             wishes can come; the woman whom you met; the man who you saw).
             °In the last two examples whom is correct but who is common in
             less formal contexts.  3 and or but he, she, they, etc. (gave it
             to Tom, who sold it to Jim).  4 archaic the or any person or
             persons that (whom the gods love die young).  Ьas who should say
             like a person who said; as though one said.  who-does-what (of a
             dispute etc.) about which group of workers should do a
             particular job.  who goes there?  see GO(1).  who's who 1 who or
             what each person is (know who's who).  2 a list or directory
             with facts about notable persons.  [OE hwa f. Gmc: whom f. OE
             dative hwam, hw‘m: whose f. genit.  hw‘s]

   whoa      int.  used as a command to stop or slow a horse etc.  [var. of

   who'd     contr.  1 who had.  2 who would.

   whodunit  n.  (also whodunnit) colloq.  a story or play about the
             detection of a crime etc., esp. murder.  [= who done (illiterate
             for did) it?]

   whoe'er   poet.  var. of WHOEVER.

   whoever   pron.  (obj.  whomever or colloq.  whoever; poss.  whosever) 1
             the or any person or persons who (whoever comes is welcome).  2
             though anyone (whoever else objects, I do not; whosever it is, I
             want it).  3 colloq. (as an intensive) who ever; who at all
             (whoever heard of such a thing?).

   whole     adj. & n.  --adj.  1 in an uninjured, unbroken, intact, or
             undiminished state (swallowed it whole; there is not a plate
             left whole).  2 not less than; all there is of; entire, complete
             (waited a whole year; tell the whole truth; the whole school
             knows).  3 (of blood or milk etc.) with no part removed.  --n.
             1 a thing complete in itself.  2 all there is of a thing (spent
             the whole of the summer by the sea).  3 (foll. by of) all
             members, inhabitants, etc., of (the whole of London knows it).
             Ьas a whole as a unity; not as separate parts.  go the whole hog
             see HOG.  on the whole taking everything relevant into account;
             in general (it was, on the whole, a good report; they behaved
             well on the whole).  whole cloth cloth of full size as
             manufactured.  whole holiday a whole day taken as a holiday (cf.
             half holiday).  whole-life insurance life insurance for which
             premiums are payable throughout the remaining life of the person
             insured.  whole lot see LOT.  whole note esp.  US Mus. =
             SEMIBREVE.  whole number a number without fractions; an integer.
             whole-tone scale Mus.  a scale consisting entirely of tones,
             with no semitones.  ЬЬwholeness n.  [OE hal f. Gmc]

   wholefood n.  food which has not been unnecessarily processed or refined.

             adj.  made with or containing whole grains (wholegrain bread).

             adj.  1 (of a person) completely devoted or committed.  2 (of an
             action etc.) done with all possible effort, attention, or
             sincerity; thorough.  ЬЬwholeheartedly adv.  wholeheartedness n.

   wholemeal n.  (usu.  attrib.) Brit.  meal of wheat or other cereals with
             none of the bran or germ removed.

   wholesale n., adj., adv., & v.  --n. the selling of things in large
             quantities to be retailed by others (cf.  RETAIL).  --adj. &
             adv.  1 by wholesale; at a wholesale price (can get it for you
             wholesale).  2 on a large scale (wholesale destruction occurred;
             was handing out samples wholesale).  --v.tr. sell wholesale.
             ЬЬwholesaler n.  [ME: orig.  by whole sale]

   wholesome adj.  1 promoting or indicating physical, mental, or moral
             health (wholesome pursuits; a wholesome appearance).  2 prudent
             (wholesome respect).  ЬЬwholesomely adv.  wholesomeness n.  [ME,
             prob. f. OE (unrecorded) halsum (as WHOLE, -SOME(1))]

             n.  (usu.  attrib.) wheat with none of the bran or germ removed;

   wholism   var. of HOLISM.

   wholly    adv.  1 entirely; without limitation or diminution (I am wholly
             at a loss).  2 purely, exclusively (a wholly bad example).  [ME,
             f. OE (unrecorded) hallice (as WHOLE, -LY(2))]

   whom      objective case of WHO.

   whomever  objective case of WHOEVER.

   whomso    archaic objective case of WHOSO.

             objective case of WHOSOEVER.

   whoop     n. & v.  (also hoop) --n.  1 a loud cry of or as of excitement
             etc.  2 a long rasping indrawn breath in whooping cough.
             --v.intr. utter a whoop.  Ьwhooping cough an infectious
             bacterial disease, esp. of children, with a series of short
             violent coughs followed by a whoop.  whooping swan a swan,
             Cygnus cygnus, with a characteristic whooping sound in flight.
             whoop it up colloq.  1 engage in revelry.  2 US make a stir.
             [ME: imit.]

   whoopee   int. & n.  colloq.  --int.  expressing exuberant joy.  --n.
             exuberant enjoyment or revelry.  Ьmake whoopee colloq.  rejoice
             noisily or hilariously.  whoopee cushion a rubber cushion that
             when sat on makes a sound like the breaking of wind.

   whooper   n.  a whooping swan.

   whoops    int.  colloq.  expressing surprise or apology, esp. on making an
             obvious mistake.  [var. of OOPS]

   whoosh    v., n., & int.  (also woosh) --v.intr. & tr. move or cause to
             move with a rushing sound.  --n. a sudden movement accompanied
             by a rushing sound.  --int. an exclamation imitating this.

   whop      v.tr.  (whopped, whopping) sl.  1 thrash.  2 defeat, overcome.
             [ME: var. of dial.  wap, of unkn. orig.]

   whopper   n.  sl.  1 something big of its kind.  2 a great lie.

   whopping  adj.  sl.  very big (a whopping lie; a whopping fish).

   whore     n. & v.  --n.  1 a prostitute.  2 derog. a promiscuous woman.
             --v.intr.  1 (of a man) seek or chase after whores.  2 archaic
             (foll. by after) commit idolatry or iniquity.  Ьwhore-house a
             brothel.  ЬЬwhoredom n.  whorer n.  [OE hore f. Gmc]

             n.  archaic = WHOREMONGER.

             n.  archaic a person who has dealings with whores.

   whoreson  n.  archaic 1 a disliked person.  2 (attrib.) (of a person or
             thing) vile.

   whorish   adj.  of or like a whore.  ЬЬwhorishly adv.  whorishness n.

   whorl     n.  1 a ring of leaves or other organs round a stem of a plant.
             2 one turn of a spiral, esp. on a shell.  3 a complete circle in
             a fingerprint.  4 archaic a small wheel on a spindle steadying
             its motion.  ЬЬwhorled adj.  [ME wharwyl, whorwil, app. var. of
             WHIRL: infl. by wharve (n.) = whorl of a spindle]

             n.  (pl.  -ies) a bilberry.  [16th c.: dial. form of
             hurtleberry, ME, of unkn. orig.]

   whose     pron. & adj.  --pron. of or belonging to which person (whose is
             this book?).  --adj. of whom or which (whose book is this?; the
             man, whose name was Tim; the house whose roof was damaged).

   whoseso   archaic poss. of WHOSO.

             poss. of WHOSOEVER.

   whosever  poss. of WHOEVER.

   whoso     pron.  (obj.  whomso; poss.  whoseso) archaic = WHOEVER.  [ME, =
             WHO + SO(1), f. OE swa hwa swa]

   whosoever pron.  (obj.  whomsoever; poss.  whosesoever) archaic = WHOEVER.

   why       adv., int., & n.  --adv.  1 a for what reason or purpose (why
             did you do it?; I do not know why you came).  b on what grounds
             (why do you say that?).  2 (prec. by reason etc.) for which (the
             reasons why I did it).  --int. expressing: 1 surprised discovery
             or recognition (why, it's you!).  2 impatience (why, of course I
             do!).  3 reflection (why, yes, I think so).  4 objection (why,
             what is wrong with it?).  --n.  (pl.  whys) a reason or
             explanation (esp.  whys and wherefores).  Ьwhy so?  on what
             grounds?; for what reason or purpose?  [OE hwi, hwy instr. of
             hw‘t WHAT f. Gmc]

   whydah    n.  (also whidah) any small African weaver-bird of the genus
             Vidua, the male having mainly black plumage and tail-feathers of
             great length.  [orig.  widow-bird, altered f. assoc. with Whidah
             (now Ouidah) in Benin]

   WI        abbr.  1 West Indies.  2 Brit. Women's Institute.  3 US
             Wisconsin (in official postal use).

   wich-     var. of WYCH-.

   wick(1)   n.  1 a strip or thread of fibrous or spongy material feeding a
             flame with fuel in a candle, lamp, etc.  2 Surgery a gauze strip
             inserted in a wound to drain it.  Ьdip one's wick coarse sl.
             (of a man) have sexual intercourse.  get on a person's wick
             Brit.  colloq.  annoy a person.  [OE weoce, -weoc (cf. MDu.
             wiecke, MLG weke), of unkn. orig.]

   wick(2)   n.  dial.  exc. in compounds e.g.  bailiwick, and in place-names
             e.g.  Hampton Wick, Warwick 1 a town, hamlet, or district.  2 a
             dairy farm.  [OE wic, prob. f. Gmc f. L vicus street, village]

   wicked    adj.  (wickeder, wickedest) 1 sinful, iniquitous, given to or
             involving immorality.  2 spiteful, ill-tempered; intending or
             intended to give pain.  3 playfully malicious.  4 colloq. foul;
             very bad; formidable (wicked weather; a wicked cough).  5 sl.
             excellent, remarkable.  ЬWicked Bible an edition of 1631, with
             the misprinted commandment 'thou shalt commit adultery'.
             ЬЬwickedly adv.  wickedness n.  [ME f. obs.  wick (perh. adj.
             use of OE wicca wizard) + -ED(1) as in wretched]

   wicker    n.  plaited twigs or osiers etc. as material for chairs,
             baskets, mats, etc.  [ME, f. E.Scand.: cf. Sw.  viker willow,
             rel. to vika bend]

             n.  1 wicker.  2 things made of wicker.

   wicket    n.  1 Cricket a a set of three stumps with the bails in position
             defended by a batsman.  b the ground between two wickets.  c the
             state of this (a slow wicket).  d an instance of a batsman being
             got out (bowler has taken four wickets).  e a pair of batsmen
             batting at the same time (a third-wicket partnership).  2 (in
             full wicket-door or -gate) a small door or gate esp. beside or
             in a larger one or closing the lower part only of a doorway.  3
             US an aperture in a door or wall usu. closed with a sliding
             panel.  4 US a croquet hoop.  Ьat the wicket Cricket 1 batting.
             2 by the wicket-keeper (caught at the wicket).  keep wicket
             Cricket be a wicket-keeper.  on a good (or sticky) wicket
             colloq.  in a favourable (or unfavourable) position.
             wicket-keeper Cricket the fieldsman stationed close behind a
             batsman's wicket.  [ME f. AF & ONF wiket, OF guichet, of uncert.

   wickiup   n.  an American Indian hut of a frame covered with grass etc.
             [Fox wikiyap]

             var. of WITHERSHINS.

   wide      adj., adv., & n.  --adj.  1 a measuring much or more than other
             things of the same kind across or from side to side.  b
             considerable; more than is needed (a wide margin).  2 (following
             a measurement) in width (a metre wide).  3 extending far;
             embracing much; of great extent (has a wide range; has wide
             experience; reached a wide public).  4 not tight or close or
             restricted; loose.  5 a free, liberal; unprejudiced (takes wide
             views).  b not specialized; general.  6 open to the full extent
             (staring with wide eyes).  7 a (foll. by of) not within a
             reasonable distance of.  b at a considerable distance from a
             point or mark.  8 Brit.  sl. shrewd; skilled in sharp practice
             (wide boy).  9 (in comb.) extending over the whole of
             (nationwide).  --adv.  1 widely.  2 to the full extent (wide
             awake).  3 far from the target etc. (is shooting wide).  --n.  1
             Cricket a ball judged to pass the wicket beyond the batsman's
             reach and so scoring a run.  2 (prec. by the) the wide world.
             Ьgive a wide berth to see BERTH.  wide-angle (of a lens) having
             a short focal length and hence a field covering a wide angle.
             wide awake 1 fully awake.  2 colloq. wary, knowing.  wide ball
             Cricket (sense 1 of n.).  wide-eyed surprised or na‹ve.  wide of
             the mark see MARK(1).  wide open (often foll. by to) exposed or
             vulnerable (to attack etc.).  wide-ranging covering an extensive
             range.  the wide world all the world great as it is.  ЬЬwideness
             n.  widish adj.  [OE wid (adj.), wide (adv.) f. Gmc]

   wideawake n.  a soft felt hat with a low crown and wide brim.

   widely    adv.  1 to a wide extent; far apart.  2 extensively (widely
             read; widely distributed).  3 by many people (it is widely
             thought that).  4 considerably; to a large degree (holds a
             widely different view).

   widen     v.tr. & intr.  make or become wider.  ЬЬwidener n.

             adj.  widely distributed or disseminated.

   widgeon   n.  (also wigeon) a species of dabbling duck, esp.  Anas
             penelope or Anas americana.  [16th c.: orig. uncert.]

   widget    n.  colloq.  any gadget or device.  [perh. alt. of GADGET]

   widow     n. & v.  --n.  1 a woman who has lost her husband by death and
             has not married again.  2 a woman whose husband is often away on
             a specified activity (golf widow).  3 extra cards dealt
             separately and taken by the highest bidder.  4 Printing the
             short last line of a paragraph at the top of a page or column.
             --v.tr.  1 make into a widow or widower.  2 (as widowed adj.)
             bereft by the death of a spouse (my widowed mother).  3 (foll.
             by of) deprive of.  Ьwidow-bird a whydah.  widow's cruse an
             apparently small supply that proves or seems inexhaustible (see
             1 Kgs. 17:10-16).  widow's mite a small money contribution (see
             Mark 12:42).  widow's peak a V-shaped growth of hair towards the
             centre of the forehead.  widow's weeds see WEEDS.  [OE widewe,
             rel. to OHG wituwa, Skr.  vidh va, L viduus bereft, widowed, Gk
             eitheos unmarried man]

   widower   n.  a man who has lost his wife by death and has not married

   widowhood n.  the state or period of being a widow.

   width     n.  1 measurement or distance from side to side.  2 a large
             extent.  3 breadth or liberality of thought, views, etc.  4 a
             strip of material of full width as woven.  ЬЬwidthways adv.
             widthwise adv.  [17th c. (as WIDE, -TH(2)) replacing wideness]

   wield     v.tr.  1 hold and use (a weapon or tool).  2 exert or command
             (power or authority etc.).  ЬЬwielder n.  [OE wealdan, wieldan
             f. Gmc]

   wieldy    adj.  (wieldier, wieldiest) easily wielded, controlled, or

   Wiener schnitzel
             n.  a veal escalope breaded, fried, and garnished.  [G, =
             Viennese slice]

   wife      n.  (pl.  wives) 1 a married woman esp. in relation to her
             husband.  2 archaic a woman, esp. an old or uneducated one.  3
             (in comb.) a woman engaged in a specified activity (fishwife;
             housewife; midwife).  Ьhave (or take) to wife archaic marry (a
             woman).  wife-swapping colloq.  exchanging wives for sexual
             relations.  ЬЬwifehood n.  wifeless adj.  wifelike adj.  wifely
             adj.  wifeliness n.  wifish adj.  [OE wif woman: ult. orig.

   wig(1)    n.  an artificial head of hair esp. to conceal baldness or as a
             disguise, or worn by a judge or barrister or as period dress.
             ЬЬwigged adj. (also in comb.).  wigless adj.  [abbr. of PERIWIG:
             cf.  WINKLE]

   wig(2)    v.tr.  (wigged, wigging) colloq.  rebuke sharply; rate.  [app.
             f.  WIG(1) in sl. or colloq. sense 'rebuke' (19th c.)]

   wigeon    var. of WIDGEON.

   wigging   n.  colloq.  a reprimand.

   wiggle    v. & n.  colloq.  --v.intr. & tr. move or cause to move quickly
             from side to side etc.  --n. an act of wiggling.  ЬЬwiggler n.
             [ME f. MLG & MDu.  wiggelen: cf.  WAG(1), WAGGLE]

   wiggly    adj.  (wigglier, wiggliest) colloq.  1 showing wiggles.  2
             having small irregular undulations.

   wight     n.  archaic a person (wretched wight).  [OE wiht = thing,
             creature, of unkn. orig.]

   wigwag    v.intr.  (wigwagged, wigwagging) colloq.  1 move lightly to and
             fro.  2 wave flags in this way in signalling.  [redupl. f.

   wigwam    n.  1 a N. American Indian's hut or tent of skins, mats, or bark
             on poles.  2 a similar structure for children etc.  [Ojibwa
             wigwaum, Algonquin wikiwam their house]

   wilco     int.  colloq.  expressing compliance or agreement, esp.
             acceptance of instructions received by radio.  [abbr. of will

   wild      adj., adv., & n.  --adj.  1 (of an animal or plant) in its
             original natural state; not domesticated or cultivated (esp. of
             species or varieties allied to others that are not wild).  2 not
             civilized; barbarous.  3 (of scenery etc.) having a
             conspicuously desolate appearance.  4 unrestrained, disorderly,
             uncontrolled (a wild youth; wild hair).  5 tempestuous, violent
             (a wild night).  6 a intensely eager; excited, frantic (wild
             with excitement; wild delight).  b (of looks, appearance, etc.)
             indicating distraction.  c (foll. by about) colloq.
             enthusiastically devoted to (a person or subject).  7 colloq.
             infuriated, angry (makes me wild).  8 haphazard, ill-aimed, rash
             (a wild guess; a wild shot; a wild venture).  9 (of a horse,
             game-bird, etc.) shy; easily startled.  10 colloq. exciting,
             delightful.  11 (of a card) having any rank chosen by the player
             holding it (the joker is wild).  --adv. in a wild manner
             (shooting wild).  --n.  1 a wild tract.  2 a desert.  Ьin the
             wild in an uncultivated etc. state.  in (or out in) the wilds
             colloq.  far from normal habitation.  run wild grow or stray
             unchecked or undisciplined.  sow one's wild oats see OAT.  wild
             and woolly uncouth; lacking refinement.  wild boar see BOAR.
             wild card 1 see sense 11 of adj.  2 Computing a character that
             will match any character or sequence of characters in a file
             name etc.  3 Sport an extra player or team chosen to enter a
             competition at the selectors' discretion.  wild cat any of
             various smallish cats, esp. the European Felis sylvestris (cf.
             WILDCAT).  wild-goose chase a foolish or hopeless and
             unproductive quest.  wild horse 1 a horse not domesticated or
             broken in.  2 (in pl.) colloq. even the most powerful influence
             etc. (wild horses would not drag the secret from me).  wild
             hyacinth = BLUEBELL 1.  wild man of the woods colloq.  an
             orang-utan.  wild rice any tall grass of the genus Zizania,
             yielding edible grains.  wild silk 1 silk from wild silkworms.
             2 an imitation of this from short silk fibres.  Wild West the
             western US in a time of lawlessness in its early history.
             ЬЬwildish adj.  wildly adv.  wildness n.  [OE wilde f. Gmc]

   wildcat   n. & adj.  --n.  1 a hot-tempered or violent person.  2 US a
             bobcat see wild cat.  3 an exploratory oil well.  --adj.
             (attrib.) 1 esp.  US reckless; financially unsound.  2 (of a
             strike) sudden and unofficial.

             n.  = GNU.  [Afrik. (as WILD, BEAST)]

   wilder    v.tr.  archaic 1 lead astray.  2 bewilder.  [perh. based on

             n.  1 a desert; an uncultivated and uninhabited region.  2 part
             of a garden left with an uncultivated appearance.  3 (foll. by
             of) a confused assemblage of things.  Ьin the wilderness out of
             political office.  voice in the wilderness an unheeded advocate
             of reform (see Matt. 3:3 etc.).  [OE wildeornes f.  wild deor
             wild deer]

   wildfire  n.  hist.  1 a combustible liquid, esp. Greek fire, formerly
             used in warfare.  2 = WILL-O'-THE-WISP.  Ьspread like wildfire
             spread with great speed.

   wildfowl  n.  (pl. same) a game-bird, esp. an aquatic one.

   wilding   n.  (also wildling) 1 a plant sown by natural agency, esp. a
             wild crab-apple.  2 the fruit of such a plant.  [WILD + -ING(3)]

   wildlife  n.  wild animals collectively.

   wildwood  n.  poet.  uncultivated or unfrequented woodland.

   wile      n. & v.  --n. (usu. in pl.) a stratagem; a trick or cunning
             procedure.  --v.tr. (foll. by away, into, etc.) lure or entice.
             [ME wil, perh. f. Scand. (ON v‚l craft)]

   wilful    adj.  (US willful) 1 (of an action or state) intentional,
             deliberate (wilful murder; wilful neglect; wilful disobedience).
             2 (of a person) obstinate, headstrong.  ЬЬwilfully adv.
             wilfulness n.  [ME f.  WILL(2) + -FUL]

   wilga     n.  Austral.  a small tree of the genus Geijera, with white
             flowers.  [Aboriginal]

   wiliness  see WILY.

   will(1)   v.aux. & tr.  (3rd sing. present will; past would) (foll. by
             infin. without to, or absol.; present and past only in use) 1
             (in the 2nd and 3rd persons, and often in the 1st: see SHALL)
             expressing the future tense in statements, commands, or
             questions (you will regret this; they will leave at once; will
             you go to the party?).  2 (in the 1st person) expressing a wish
             or intention (I will return soon).  °For the other persons in
             senses 1, 2, see SHALL.  3 expressing desire, consent, or
             inclination (will you have a sandwich?; come when you will; the
             door will not open).  4 expressing ability or capacity (the jar
             will hold a kilo).  5 expressing habitual or inevitable tendency
             (accidents will happen; will sit there for hours).  6 expressing
             probability or expectation (that will be my wife).  Ьwill do
             colloq.  expressing willingness to carry out a request.  [OE
             wyllan, (unrecorded) willan f. Gmc: rel. to L volo]

   will(2)   n. & v.  --n.  1 the faculty by which a person decides or is
             regarded as deciding on and initiating action (the mind consists
             of the understanding and the will).  2 (also will-power) control
             exercised by deliberate purpose over impulse; self-control (has
             a strong will; overcame his shyness by will-power).  3 a
             deliberate or fixed desire or intention (a will to live).  4
             energy of intention; the power of effecting one's intentions or
             dominating others.  5 directions (usu. written) in legal form
             for the disposition of one's property after death (make one's
             will).  6 disposition towards others (good will).  7 archaic
             what one desires or ordains (thy will be done).  --v.tr.  1 have
             as the object of one's will; intend unconditionally (what God
             wills; willed that we should succeed).  2 (absol.) exercise
             will-power.  3 instigate or impel or compel by the exercise of
             will-power (you can will yourself into contentment).  4 bequeath
             by the terms of a will (shall will my money to charity).  Ьat
             will 1 whenever one pleases.  2 Law able to be evicted without
             notice (tenant at will).  have one's will obtain what one wants.
             what is your will?  what do you wish done?  where there's a will
             there's a way determination will overcome any obstacle.  a will
             of one's own obstinacy; wilfulness of character.  with the best
             will in the world however good one's intentions.  with a will
             energetically or resolutely.  ЬЬwilled adj. (also in comb.).
             willer n.  will-less adj.  [OE willa f. Gmc]

   willet    n.  (pl. same) a large N. American wader, Catoptrophorus
             semipalmatus.  [pill-will-willet, imit. of its cry]

   willful   US var. of WILFUL.

   willie    var. of WILLY.

   willies   n.pl.  colloq.  nervous discomfort (esp.  give or get the
             willies).  [19th c.: orig. unkn.]

   willing   adj. & n.  --adj.  1 ready to consent or undertake (a willing
             ally; am willing to do it).  2 given or done etc. by a willing
             person (willing hands; willing help).  --n. cheerful intention
             (show willing).  ЬЬwillingly adv.  willingness n.

             n.  1 a phosphorescent light seen on marshy ground, perhaps
             resulting from the combustion of gases.  2 an elusive person.  3
             a delusive hope or plan.  [orig.  Will with the wisp: wisp =
             handful of (lighted) hay etc.]

   willow    n.  1 a tree or shrub of the genus Salix, growing usu. near
             water in temperate climates, with small flowers borne on
             catkins, and pliant branches yielding osiers and timber for
             cricket-bats, baskets, etc.  2 a cricket-bat.  Ьwillow grouse a
             common European grouse, Lagopus lagopus, with brown breeding
             plumage and white winter plumage.  willow-herb any plant of the
             genus Epilobium etc., esp. one with leaves like a willow and
             pale purple flowers.  willow-pattern a conventional design
             representing a Chinese scene, often with a willow tree, of blue
             on white porcelain, stoneware, or earthenware.  willow-warbler
             (or -wren) a small woodland bird, Phylloscopus trochilus, with a
             tuneful song.  [OE welig]

   willowy   adj.  1 having or bordered by willows.  2 lithe and slender.

   willy     n.  (also willie) (pl.  -ies) Brit.  sl.  the penis.

             adv. & adj.  --adv. whether one likes it or not.  --adj.
             existing or occurring willy-nilly.  [later spelling of will I,
             nill I I am willing, I am unwilling]

             n.  (pl.  -ies) Austral.  a cyclone or dust-storm.  [Aboriginal]

   wilt(1)   v. & n.  --v.  1 intr. (of a plant, leaf, or flower) wither,
             droop.  2 intr. (of a person) lose one's energy, flag, tire,
             droop.  3 tr. cause to wilt.  --n. a plant-disease causing
             wilting.  [orig. dial.: perh. alt. f.  wilk, welk, of LG or Du.

   wilt(2)   archaic 2nd person sing. of WILL(1).

   Wilton    n.  a kind of woven carpet with a thick pile.  [Wilton in S.

   Wilts.    abbr.  Wiltshire.

   wily      adj.  (wilier, wiliest) full of wiles; crafty, cunning.
             ЬЬwilily adv.  wiliness n.

   wimp      n.  colloq.  a feeble or ineffectual person.  ЬЬwimpish adj.
             wimpishly adv.  wimpishness n.  wimpy adj.  [20th c.: orig.

   wimple    n. & v.  --n. a linen or silk head-dress covering the neck and
             the sides of the face, formerly worn by women and still worn by
             some nuns.  --v.tr. & intr. arrange or fall in folds.  [OE

   Wimpy     n.  (pl.  -ies) propr.  a hamburger served in a plain bun.

   Wimshurst machine
             n.  a device for generating an electric charge by turning glass
             discs in opposite directions.  [J.  Wimshurst, Engl. engineer d.

   win       v. & n.  --v.  (winning; past and past part.  won) 1 tr. acquire
             or secure as a result of a fight, contest, bet, litigation, or
             some other effort (won some money; won my admiration).  2 tr. be
             victorious in (a fight, game, race, etc.).  3 intr.  a be the
             victor; win a race or contest etc. (who won?; persevere, and you
             will win).  b (foll. by through, free, etc.) make one's way or
             become by successful effort.  4 tr. reach by effort (win the
             summit; win the shore).  5 tr. obtain (ore) from a mine.  6 tr.
             dry (hay etc.) by exposure to the air.  --n. victory in a game
             or bet etc.  Ьwin the day be victorious in battle, argument,
             etc.  win over persuade, gain the support of.  win one's spurs 1
             colloq. gain distinction or fame.  2 hist. gain a knighthood.
             win through (or out) overcome obstacles.  you can't win colloq.
             there is no way to succeed.  you can't win them all colloq.  a
             resigned expression of consolation on failure.  ЬЬwinnable adj.
             [OE winnan toil, endure: cf. OHG winnan, ON vinna]

   wince(1)  n. & v.  --n. a start or involuntary shrinking movement showing
             pain or distress.  --v.intr. give a wince.  ЬЬwincer n.
             wincingly adv.  [ME f. OF guenchir turn aside: cf.  WINCH, WINK]

   wince(2)  n.  a roller for moving textile fabric through a dyeing-vat.
             [var. of WINCH]

   wincey    n.  (pl.  winceys) a strong lightweight fabric of wool and
             cotton or linen.  [orig. Sc.: app. f.  woolsey in

             n.  Brit.  a lightweight napped flannelette used esp. for

   winch     n. & v.  --n.  1 the crank of a wheel or axle.  2 a windlass.  3
             the reel of a fishing-rod.  4 = WINCE(2).  --v.tr. lift with a
             winch.  ЬЬwincher n.  [OE wince f. Gmc: cf.  WINCE(1)]

             n.  1 propr. a breech-loading repeating rifle.  2 (in full
             Winchester disk) Computing a hermetically sealed data-storage
             device with high capacity (so called because its original
             numerical designation corresponded to that of the rifle's
             calibre).  [O. F.  Winchester d. 1880, US manufacturer of the

   wind(1)   n. & v.  --n.  1 a air in more or less rapid natural motion,
             esp. from an area of high pressure to one of low pressure.  b a
             current of wind blowing from a specified direction or otherwise
             defined (north wind; contrary wind).  2 a breath as needed in
             physical exertion or in speech.  b the power of breathing
             without difficulty while running or making a similar continuous
             effort (let me recover my wind).  c a spot below the centre of
             the chest where a blow temporarily paralyses breathing.  3 mere
             empty words; meaningless rhetoric.  4 gas generated in the
             bowels etc. by indigestion; flatulence.  5 a an artifically
             produced current of air, esp. for sounding an organ or other
             wind instrument.  b air stored for use or used as a current.  c
             the wind instruments of an orchestra collectively (poor balance
             between wind and strings).  6 a scent carried by the wind,
             indicating the presence or proximity of an animal etc.  --v.tr.
             1 exhaust the wind of by exertion or a blow.  2 renew the wind
             of by rest (stopped to wind the horses).  3 make breathe quickly
             and deeply by exercise.  4 make (a baby) bring up wind after
             feeding.  5 detect the presence of by a scent.  6 (past and past
             part.  winded or wound) poet. sound (a bugle or call) by
             blowing.  Ьbefore the wind helped by the wind's force.  between
             wind and water at a vulnerable point.  close to (or near) the
             wind 1 sailing as nearly against the wind as is consistent with
             using its force.  2 colloq. verging on indecency or dishonesty.
             get wind of 1 smell out.  2 begin to suspect; hear a rumour of.
             get (or have) the wind up colloq.  be alarmed or frightened.
             how (or which way) the wind blows (or lies) 1 what is the state
             of opinion.  2 what developments are likely.  in the wind
             happening or about to happen.  in the wind's eye directly
             against the wind.  like the wind swiftly.  off the wind Naut.
             with the wind on the quarter.  on a wind Naut.  against a wind
             on either bow.  on the wind (of a sound or scent) carried by the
             wind.  put the wind up colloq.  alarm or frighten.  take wind be
             rumoured; become known.  take the wind out of a person's sails
             frustrate a person by anticipating an action or remark etc.  to
             the winds (or four winds) 1 in all directions.  2 into a state
             of abandonment or neglect.  wind and weather exposure to the
             effects of the elements.  wind band a group of wind instruments
             as a band or section of an orchestra.  wind-break a row of trees
             or a fence or wall etc. serving to break the force of the wind.
             wind-chill the cooling effect of wind blowing on a surface.
             wind-cone = wind-sock.  wind-force the force of the wind esp. as
             measured on the Beaufort etc. scale.  wind-gap a dried-up former
             river valley through ridges or hills.  wind-gauge 1 an
             anemometer.  2 an apparatus attached to the sights of a gun
             enabling allowance to be made for the wind in shooting.  3 a
             device showing the amount of wind in an organ.  wind instrument
             a musical instrument in which sound is produced by a current of
             air, esp. the breath.  wind-jammer a merchant sailing-ship.
             wind machine a device for producing a blast of air or the sound
             of wind.  wind (or winds) of change a force or influence for
             reform.  wind-rose a diagram of the relative frequency of wind
             directions at a place.  wind-row a line of raked hay,
             corn-sheaves, peats, etc., for drying by the wind.  wind-sail a
             canvas funnel conveying air to the lower parts of a ship.  wind
             shear a variation in wind velocity at right angles to the wind's
             direction.  wind-sleeve = wind-sock.  wind-sock a canvas
             cylinder or cone on a mast to show the direction of the wind at
             an airfield etc.  wind-tunnel a tunnel-like device to produce an
             air-stream past models of aircraft etc. for the study of wind
             effects on them.  ЬЬwindless adj.  [OE f. Gmc]

   wind(2)   v. & n.  --v.  (past and past part.  wound) 1 intr. go in a
             circular, spiral, curved, or crooked course (a winding
             staircase; the path winds up the hill).  2 tr. make (one's way)
             by such a course (wind your way up to bed; wound their way into
             our affections).  3 tr. wrap closely; surround with or as with a
             coil (wound the blanket round me; wound my arms round the child;
             wound the child in my arms).  4 a tr. coil; provide with a
             coiled thread etc. (wind the ribbon on to the card; wound cotton
             on a reel; winding wool into a ball).  b intr. coil; (of wool
             etc.) coil into a ball (the creeper winds round the pole; the
             wool wound into a ball).  5 tr. wind up (a clock etc.).  6 tr.
             hoist or draw with a windlass etc. (wound the cable-car up the
             mountain).  --n.  1 a bend or turn in a course.  2 a single turn
             when winding.  Ьwind down 1 lower by winding.  2 (of a
             mechanism) unwind.  3 (of a person) relax.  4 draw gradually to
             a close.  wind-down n.  colloq.  a gradual lessening of
             excitement or reduction of activity.  wind off unwind (string,
             wool, etc.).  wind round one's finger see FINGER.  wind up 1
             coil the whole of (a piece of string etc.).  2 tighten the
             coiling or coiled spring of (esp. a clock etc.).  3 a colloq.
             increase the tension or intensity of (wound myself up to fever
             pitch).  b irritate or provoke (a person) to the point of anger.
             4 bring to a conclusion; end (wound up his speech).  5 Commerce
             a arrange the affairs of and dissolve (a company).  b (of a
             company) cease business and go into liquidation.  6 colloq.
             arrive finally; end in a specified state or circumstance (you'll
             wind up in prison; wound up owing њ100).  wind-up n.  1 a
             conclusion; a finish.  2 a state of anxiety; the provocation of
             this.  wound up adj.  (of a person) excited or tense or angry.
             [OE windan f. Gmc, rel. to WANDER, WEND]

   windage   n.  1 the friction of air against the moving part of a machine.
             2 a the effect of the wind in deflecting a missile.  b an
             allowance for this.  3 the difference between the diameter of a
             gun's bore and its projectile, allowing the escape of gas.

   windbag   n.  colloq.  a person who talks a lot but says little of any

   windbound adj.  unable to sail because of contrary winds.

             n.  US = WINDCHEATER.

   windburn  n.  inflammation of the skin caused by exposure to the wind.

             n.  a kind of wind-resistant outer jacket with close-fitting
             neck, cuffs, and lower edge.

   winder    n.  a winding mechanism esp. of a clock or watch.

   windfall  n.  1 an apple or other fruit blown to the ground by the wind.
             2 a piece of unexpected good fortune, esp. a legacy.

             n.  an anemone.

   windhover n.  Brit.  a kestrel.

   winding   n.  1 in senses of WIND(2) v.  2 curved or sinuous motion or
             movement.  3 a a thing that is wound round or coiled.  b Electr.
             coils of wire as a conductor round an armature etc.
             Ьwinding-engine a machine for hoisting.  winding-sheet a sheet
             in which a corpse is wrapped for burial.

   windlass  n. & v.  --n. a machine with a horizontal axle for hauling or
             hoisting.  --v.tr. hoist or haul with a windlass.  [alt. (perh.
             by assoc. with dial.  windle to wind) of obs.  windas f. OF
             guindas f. ON vind ss f.  vinda WIND(2) +  ss pole]

             n.  archaic an old dry stalk of grass.  [OE windelstreaw grass
             for plaiting f.  windel basket (as WIND(2), -LE(1)) + streaw

   windmill  n.  1 a mill worked by the action of the wind on its sails.  2
             esp.  Brit. a toy consisting of a stick with curved vanes
             attached that revolve in a wind.  Ьthrow one's cap (or bonnet)
             over the windmill act recklessly or unconventionally.  tilt at
             (or fight) windmills attack an imaginary enemy or grievance.

   window    n.  1 a an opening in a wall, roof, or vehicle etc., usu. with
             glass in fixed, sliding, or hinged frames, to admit light or air
             etc. and allow the occupants to see out.  b the glass filling
             this opening (have broken the window).  2 a space for display
             behind the front window of a shop.  3 an aperture in a wall etc.
             through which customers are served in a bank, ticket office,
             etc.  4 an opportunity to observe or learn.  5 an opening or
             transparent part in an envelope to show an address.  6 a part of
             a VDU display selected to show a particular category or part of
             the data.  7 a an interval during which atmospheric and
             astronomical circumstances are suitable for the launch of a
             spacecraft.  b any interval or opportunity for action.  8 strips
             of metal foil dispersed in the air to obstruct radar detection.
             9 a range of electromagnetic wavelengths for which a medium is
             transparent.  Ьout of the window colloq.  no longer taken into
             account.  window-box a box placed on an outside window-sill for
             growing flowers.  window-cleaner a person who is employed to
             clean windows.  window-dressing 1 the art of arranging a display
             in a shop-window etc.  2 an adroit presentation of facts etc. to
             give a deceptively favourable impression.  window-ledge =
             window-sill.  window-pane a pane of glass in a window.
             window-seat 1 a seat below a window, esp. in a bay or alcove.  2
             a seat next to a window in an aircraft, train, etc.  window-shop
             (-shopped, -shopping) look at goods displayed in shop-windows,
             usu. without buying anything.  window-shopper a person who
             window-shops.  window-sill a sill below a window.  window tax
             Brit.  hist.  a tax on windows or similar openings (abolished in
             1851).  ЬЬwindowed adj. (also in comb.).  windowless adj.  [ME
             f. ON vindauga (as WIND(1), EYE)]

   windowing n.  Computing the selection of part of a stored image for
             display or enlargement.

   windpipe  n.  the air-passage from the throat to the lungs; the trachea.

             n.  Brit.  a screen of glass at the front of a motor vehicle.
             Ьwindscreen wiper a device consisting of a rubber blade on an
             arm, moving in an arc, for keeping a windscreen clear of rain

             n.  US = WINDSCREEN.

   Windsor   n.  (usu.  attrib.) denoting or relating to the British Royal
             Family since 1917.  [Windsor in S. England, site of the royal
             residence at Windsor Castle]

   Windsor chair
             n.  a wooden dining chair with a semicircular back supported by
             upright rods.

             n.  the sport of riding on water on a sailboard.  ЬЬwindsurf
             v.intr.  windsurfer n.

   windswept adj.  exposed to or swept back by the wind.

   windward  adj., adv., & n.  --adj. & adv. on the side from which the wind
             is blowing (opp.  LEEWARD).  --n. the windward region, side, or
             direction (to windward; on the windward of).  Ьget to windward
             of 1 place oneself there to avoid the smell of.  2 gain an
             advantage over.

   windy     adj.  (windier, windiest) 1 stormy with wind (a windy night).  2
             exposed to the wind; windswept (a windy plain).  3 generating or
             characterized by flatulence.  4 colloq. wordy, verbose, empty (a
             windy speech).  5 colloq. nervous, frightened.  ЬЬwindily adv.
             windiness n.  [OE windig (as WIND(1), -Y(1))]

   wine      n. & v.  --n.  1 fermented grape-juice as an alcoholic drink.  2
             a fermented drink resembling this made from other fruits etc. as
             specified (elderberry wine; ginger wine).  3 the dark-red colour
             of red wine.  --v.  1 intr. drink wine.  2 tr. entertain to
             wine.  Ьwine and dine entertain to or have a meal with wine.
             wine bar a bar or small restaurant where wine is the main drink
             available.  wine bottle a glass bottle for wine, the standard
             size holding 75 cl or 26 2/3 fl. oz.  wine box a square carton
             of wine with a dispensing tap.  wine cellar 1 a cellar for
             storing wine.  2 the contents of this.  wine-grower a cultivator
             of grapes for wine.  wine list a list of wines available in a
             restaurant etc.  wine-tasting 1 judging the quality of wine by
             tasting it.  2 an occasion for this.  wine vinegar vinegar made
             from wine as distinct from malt.  wine waiter a waiter
             responsible for serving wine.  ЬЬwineless adj.  [OE win f. Gmc
             f. L vinum]

   wineberry n.  (pl.  -ies) 1 a a deciduous bristly shrub, Rubus
             phoenicolasius, from China and Japan, producing scarlet berries
             used in cookery.  b this berry.  2 = MAKO(2).

             n.  a tippler or drunkard.  ЬЬwinebibbing n. & adj.  [WINE + bib
             to tipple]

   wineglass n.  1 a glass for wine, usu. with a stem and foot.  2 the
             contents of this, a wineglassful.

             n.  (pl.  -fuls) 1 the capacity of a wineglass, esp. of the size
             used for sherry, as a measure of liquid, about four tablespoons.
             2 the contents of a wineglass.

   winepress n.  a press in which grapes are squeezed in making wine.

   winery    n.  (pl.  -ies) esp.  US an establishment where wine is made.

   wineskin  n.  a whole skin of a goat etc. sown up and used to hold wine.

   wing      n. & v.  --n.  1 each of the limbs or organs by which a bird,
             bat, or insect is able to fly.  2 a rigid horizontal winglike
             structure forming a supporting part of an aircraft.  3 part of a
             building etc. which projects or is extended in a certain
             direction (lived in the north wing).  4 a a forward player at
             either end of a line in football, hockey, etc.  b the side part
             of a playing-area.  5 (in pl.) the sides of a theatre stage out
             of view of the audience.  6 a section of a political party in
             terms of the extremity of its views.  7 a flank of a battle
             array (the cavalry were massed on the left wing).  8 Brit. the
             part of a motor vehicle covering a wheel.  9 a an air-force unit
             of several squadrons or groups.  b (in pl.) a pilot's badge in
             the RAF etc. (get one's wings).  10 Anat. & Bot. a lateral part
             or projection of an organ or structure.  --v.  1 intr. & tr.
             travel or traverse on wings or in an aircraft (winging through
             the air; am winging my way home).  2 tr. wound in a wing or an
             arm.  3 tr. equip with wings.  4 tr. enable to fly; send in
             flight (fear winged my steps; winged an arrow towards them).
             Ьgive (or lend) wings to speed up (a person or a thing).  on the
             wing flying or in flight.  on a wing and a prayer with only the
             slightest chance of success.  spread (or stretch) one's wings
             develop one's powers fully.  take under one's wing treat as a
             prot‚g‚.  take wing fly away; soar.  waiting in the wings
             holding oneself in readiness.  wing-beat one complete set of
             motions with a wing in flying.  wing-case the horny cover of an
             insect's wing.  wing-chair a chair with side-pieces projecting
             forwards at the top of a high back.  wing-collar a man's high
             stiff collar with turned-down corners.  wing commander an RAF
             officer next below group captain.  winged words highly apposite
             or significant words.  wing-game game-birds.  wing-nut a nut
             with projections for the fingers to turn it on a screw.
             wing-span (or -spread) measurement right across the wings of a
             bird or aircraft.  wing-stroke = wing-beat.  wing-tip the outer
             end of an aircraft's or a bird's wing.  ЬЬwinged adj. (also in
             comb.).  wingless adj.  winglet n.  winglike adj.  [ME pl.
             wenge, -en, -es f. ON v‘ngir, pl. of v‘ngr]

   wingding  n.  sl.  1 esp.  US a wild party.  2 US a drug addict's real or
             feigned seizure.  [20th c.: orig. unkn.]

   winger    n.  1 a player on a wing in football, hockey, etc.  2 (in comb.)
             a member of a specified political wing (left-winger).

   wink      v. & n.  --v.  1 a tr. close and open (one eye or both eyes)
             quickly.  b intr. close and open an eye.  2 intr. (often foll.
             by at) wink one eye as a signal of friendship or greeting or to
             convey a message to a person.  3 intr. (of a light etc.)
             twinkle; shine or flash intermittently.  --n.  1 the act or an
             instance of winking, esp. as a signal etc.  2 colloq. a brief
             moment of sleep (didn't sleep a wink).  Ьas easy as winking
             colloq.  very easy.  in a wink very quickly.  wink at 1
             purposely avoid seeing; pretend not to notice.  2 connive at (a
             wrongdoing etc.).  [OE wincian f. Gmc: cf.  WINCE(1), WINCH]

   winker    n.  1 a flashing indicator light on a motor vehicle.  2 (usu. in
             pl.) a horse's blinker.

   winkle    n. & v.  --n. any edible marine gastropod mollusc of the genus
             Littorina; a periwinkle.  --v.tr. (foll. by out) esp.  Brit.
             extract or eject (winkled the information out of them).
             Ьwinkle-picker sl.  a shoe with a long pointed toe.  ЬЬwinkler
             n.  [abbr. of PERIWINKLE(2): cf.  WIG(1)]

   winner    n.  1 a person, racehorse, etc. that wins.  2 colloq. a
             successful or highly promising idea, enterprise, etc. (the new
             scheme seemed a winner).

   winning   adj. & n.  --adj.  1 having or bringing victory or an advantage
             (the winning entry; a winning stroke).  2 attractive, persuasive
             (a winning smile; winning ways).  --n. (in pl.) money won esp.
             in betting etc.  Ьwinning-post a post marking the end of a race.
             ЬЬwinningly adv.  winningness n.

   winnow    v.tr.  1 blow (grain) free of chaff etc. by an air-current.  2
             (foll. by out, away, from, etc.) get rid of (chaff etc.) from
             grain.  3 a sift, separate; clear of refuse or inferior
             specimens.  b sift or examine (evidence for falsehood etc.).  c
             clear, sort, or weed out (rubbish etc.).  4 poet.  a fan (the
             air with wings).  b flap (wings).  c stir (the hair etc.).
             ЬЬwinnower n. (in senses 1, 2).  [OE windwian (as WIND(1))]

   wino      n.  (pl.  -os) sl.  a habitual excessive drinker of cheap wine;
             an alcoholic.

   winsome   adj.  (of a person, looks, or manner) winning, attractive,
             engaging.  ЬЬwinsomely adv.  winsomeness n.  [OE wynsum f.  wyn
             JOY + -SOME(1)]

   winter    n. & v.  --n.  1 the coldest season of the year, in the N.
             hemisphere from December to February and in the S. hemisphere
             from June to August.  2 Astron. the period from the winter
             solstice to the vernal equinox.  3 a bleak or lifeless period or
             region etc. (nuclear winter).  4 poet. a year (esp. of a
             person's age) (a man of fifty winters).  5 (attrib.) a
             characteristic of or suitable for winter (winter light; winter
             clothes).  b (of fruit) ripening late or keeping until or during
             winter.  c (of wheat or other crops) sown in autumn for
             harvesting the following year.  --v.  1 intr. (usu. foll. by at,
             in) pass the winter (likes to winter in the Canaries).  2 tr.
             keep or feed (plants, cattle) during winter.  Ьwinter aconite
             see ACONITE 2.  winter cress any bitter-tasting cress of the
             genus Barbarea, esp.  B. vulgaris.  winter garden a garden or
             conservatory of plants flourishing in winter.  winter jasmine a
             jasmine, Jasminum nudiflorum, with yellow flowers.  winter
             quarters a place where soldiers spend the winter.  winter sleep
             hibernation.  winter solstice see SOLSTICE.  winter sports
             sports performed on snow or ice esp. in winter (e.g. skiing and
             ice-skating).  winter-tide poet. = WINTERTIME.  ЬЬwinterer n.
             winterless adj.  winterly adj.  [OE f. Gmc, prob. rel. to WET]

             n.  any of several plants esp. of the genus Pyrola or Gaultheria
             remaining green through the winter.

   winterize v.tr.  (also -ise) esp.  US adapt for operation or use in cold
             weather.  ЬЬwinterization n.

             n.  the season of winter.

   wintry    adj.  (also wintery) (; wintrier, wintriest) 1 characteristic of
             winter (wintry weather; a wintry sun; a wintry landscape).  2
             (of a smile, greeting, etc.) lacking warmth or enthusiasm.
             ЬЬwintrily adv.  wintriness n.  [OE wintrig, or f.  WINTER]

   winy      adj.  (winier, winiest) resembling wine in taste or appearance.
             ЬЬwininess n.

   wipe      v. & n.  --v.tr.  1 clean or dry the surface of by rubbing with
             the hands or a cloth etc.  2 rub (a cloth) over a surface.  3
             spread (a liquid etc.) over a surface by rubbing.  4 (often
             foll. by away, off, etc.)  a clear or remove by wiping (wiped
             the mess off the table; wipe away your tears).  b remove or
             eliminate completely (the village was wiped off the map).  5 a
             erase (data, a recording, etc., from a magnetic medium).  b
             erase data from (the medium).  6 Austral. & NZ sl. reject or
             dismiss (a person or idea).  --n.  1 an act of wiping (give the
             floor a wipe).  2 a piece of disposable absorbent cloth, usu.
             treated with a cleansing agent, for wiping something clean
             (antiseptic wipes).  Ьwipe down clean (esp. a vertical surface)
             by wiping.  wipe a person's eye colloq.  get the better of a
             person.  wipe the floor with colloq.  inflict a humiliating
             defeat on.  wipe off annul (a debt etc.).  wipe out 1 a destroy,
             annihilate (the whole population was wiped out).  b obliterate
             (wiped it out of my memory).  2 sl. murder.  3 clean the inside
             of.  4 avenge (an insult etc.).  wipe-out n.  1 the obliteration
             of one radio signal by another.  2 an instance of destruction or
             annihilation.  3 sl. a fall from a surfboard.  wipe the slate
             clean see SLATE.  wipe up 1 Brit. dry (dishes etc.).  2 take up
             (a liquid etc.) by wiping.  ЬЬwipeable adj.  [OE wipian: cf. OHG
             wifan wind round, Goth.  weipan crown: rel. to WHIP]

   wiper     n.  1 = windscreen wiper.  2 Electr. a moving contact.  3 a cam
             or tappet.

   WIPO      abbr.  World Intellectual Property Organization.

   wire      n. & v.  --n.  1 a metal drawn out into the form of a thread or
             thin flexible rod.  b a piece of this.  c (attrib.) made of
             wire.  2 a length or quantity of wire used for fencing or to
             carry an electric current etc.  3 esp.  US colloq. a telegram or
             cablegram.  --v.tr.  1 provide, fasten, strengthen, etc., with
             wire.  2 (often foll. by up) Electr. install electrical circuits
             in (a building, piece of equipment, etc.).  3 esp.  US colloq.
             telegraph (wired me that they were coming).  4 snare (an animal
             etc.) with wire.  5 (usu. in passive) Croquet obstruct (a ball,
             shot, or player) by a hoop.  Ьby wire by telegraph.  get one's
             wires crossed become confused and misunderstood.  wire brush 1 a
             brush with tough wire bristles for cleaning hard surfaces, esp.
             metal.  2 a brush with wire strands brushed against cymbals to
             produce a soft metallic sound.  wire cloth cloth woven from
             wire.  wire-cutter a tool for cutting wire.  wire gauge 1 a
             gauge for measuring the diameter of wire etc.  2 a standard
             series of sizes in which wire etc. is made.  wire gauze a stiff
             gauze woven from wire.  wire grass any of various grasses with
             tough wiry stems.  wire-haired (esp. of a dog) having stiff or
             wiry hair.  wire mattress a mattress supported by wires
             stretched in a frame.  wire netting netting of wire twisted into
             meshes.  wire rope rope made by twisting wires together as
             strands.  wire-tapper a person who indulges in wire-tapping.
             wire-tapping the practice of tapping (see TAP(1) v.  4) a
             telephone or telegraph line to eavesdrop.  wire-walker an
             acrobat performing feats on a wire rope.  wire wheel a
             vehicle-wheel with spokes of wire.  wire wool a mass of fine
             wire for cleaning.  ЬЬwirer n.  [OE wir]

   wiredraw  v.tr.  (past -drew; past part.  -drawn) 1 draw (metal) out into
             wire.  2 elongate; protract unduly.  3 (esp. as wiredrawn adj.)
             refine or apply or press (an argument etc.) with idle or
             excessive subtlety.

   wireless  n. & adj.  --n.  1 esp.  Brit.  a (in full wireless set) a radio
             receiving set.  b the transmission and reception of radio
             signals.  °Now old-fashioned, esp. with ref. to broadcasting,
             and superseded by radio.  2 = wireless telegraphy.  --adj.
             lacking or not requiring wires.  Ьwireless telegraphy =

   wireman   n.  (pl.  -men) 1 esp.  US an installer or repairer of electric
             wires.  2 a journalist working for a telegraphic news agency.

             n.  esp.  US a politician etc. who exerts a hidden influence.
             ЬЬwirepulling n.

   wireworm  n.  the larva of the click beetle causing damage to crop plants.

   wiring    n.  1 a system of wires providing electrical circuits.  2 the
             installation of this (came to do the wiring).

   wiry      adj.  (wirier, wiriest) 1 tough and flexible as wire.  2 (of a
             person) thin and sinewy; untiring.  3 made of wire.  ЬЬwirily
             adv.  wiriness n.

   Wis.      abbr.  Wisconsin.

   wis       v.intr.  archaic know well.  [orig.  I wis = obs.  iwis
             'certainly' f. OE gewis, erron. taken as 'I know' and as pres.
             tense of wist (WIT(2))]

   Wisd.     abbr.  Wisdom of Solomon (Apocrypha).

   wisdom    n.  1 the state of being wise.  2 experience and knowledge
             together with the power of applying them critically or
             practically.  3 sagacity, prudence; common sense.  4 wise
             sayings, thoughts, etc., regarded collectively.  Ьin his (or her
             etc.) wisdom usu.  iron.  thinking it would be best (the
             committee in its wisdom decided to abandon the project).  wisdom
             tooth each of four hindmost molars not usu. cut before 20 years
             of age.  [OE wisdom (as WISE(1), -DOM)]

   wise(1)   adj. & v.  --adj.  1 a having experience and knowledge and
             judiciously applying them.  b (of an action, behaviour, etc.)
             determined by or showing or in harmony with such experience and
             knowledge.  2 sagacious, prudent, sensible, discreet.  3 having
             knowledge.  4 suggestive of wisdom (with a wise nod of the
             head).  5 US colloq.  a alert, crafty.  b (often foll. by to)
             having (usu. confidential) information (about).  --v.tr. & intr.
             (foll. by up) esp.  US colloq. put or get wise.  Ьbe (or get)
             wise to colloq.  become aware of.  no (or none the or not much)
             wiser knowing no more than before.  put a person wise (often
             foll. by to) colloq.  inform a person (about).  wise after the
             event able to understand and assess an event or circumstance
             after its implications have become obvious.  wise guy colloq.  a
             know-all.  wise man a wizard, esp. one of the Magi.  wise saw a
             proverbial saying.  without anyone's being the wiser undetected.
             ЬЬwisely adv.  [OE wis f. Gmc: see WIT(2)]

   wise(2)   n.  archaic way, manner, or degree (in solemn wise; on this
             wise).  Ьin no wise not at all.  [OE wise f. Gmc f.  WIT(2)]

   -wise     suffix forming adjectives and adverbs of manner (crosswise;
             clockwise; lengthwise) or respect (moneywise) (cf.  -WAYS).
             °More fanciful phrase-based combinations, such as
             employment-wise (= as regards employment) are colloq., and
             restricted to informal contexts.  [as WISE(2)]

   wiseacre  n.  a person who affects a wise manner.  [MDu.  wijsseggher
             soothsayer, prob. f. OHG wissago, wizago, assim. to WISE(1),

   wisecrack n. & v.  colloq.  --n. a smart pithy remark.  --v.intr. make a
             wisecrack.  ЬЬwisecracker n.

   wisent    n.  the European bison, Bison bonasus.  [G: cf.  BISON]

   wish      v. & n.  --v.  1 intr. (often foll. by for) have or express a
             desire or aspiration for (wish for happiness).  2 tr. (often
             foll. by that + clause, usu. with that omitted) have as a desire
             or aspiration (I wish I could sing; I wished that I was dead).
             3 tr. want or demand, usu. so as to bring about what is wanted
             (I wish to go; I wish you to do it; I wish it done).  4 tr.
             express one's hopes for (we wish you well; wish them no harm;
             wished us a pleasant journey).  5 tr. (foll. by on, upon)
             colloq. foist on a person.  --n.  1 a a desire, request, or
             aspiration.  b an expression of this.  2 a thing desired (got my
             wish).  Ьbest (or good) wishes hopes felt or expressed for
             another's happiness etc.  wish-fulfilment a tendency for
             subconscious desire to be satisfied in fantasy.  wishing-well a
             well into which coins are dropped and a wish is made.  the wish
             is father to the thought we believe a thing because we wish it
             true.  ЬЬwisher n. (in sense 4 of v.); (also in comb.).  [OE
             wyscan, OHG wunsken f. Gmc, ult. rel. to WEEN, WONT]

   wishbone  n.  1 a forked bone between the neck and breast of a cooked
             bird: when broken between two people the longer portion entitles
             the holder to make a wish.  2 an object of similar shape.

   wishful   adj.  1 (often foll. by to + infin.) desiring, wishing.  2
             having or expressing a wish.  Ьwishful thinking belief founded
             on wishes rather than facts.  ЬЬwishfully adv.  wishfulness n.

   wish-wash n.  1 a weak or watery drink.  2 insipid talk or writing.
             [redupl. of WASH]

             adj.  1 feeble, insipid, or indecisive in quality or character.
             2 (of tea, soup, etc.) weak, watery, sloppy.  [redupl. of WASHY]

   wisp      n.  1 a small bundle or twist of straw etc.  2 a small separate
             quantity of smoke, hair, etc.  3 a small thin person etc.  4 a
             flock (of snipe).  ЬЬwispy adj.  (wispier, wispiest).  wispily
             adv.  wispiness n.  [ME: orig. uncert.: cf. WFris.  wisp, and

   wist      past and past part. of WIT(2).

   wisteria  n.  (also wistaria) any climbing plant of the genus Wisteria,
             with hanging racemes of blue, purple, or white flowers.  [C.
             Wistar (or Wister), Amer. anatomist d. 1818]

   wistful   adj.  (of a person, looks, etc.) yearningly or mournfully
             expectant or wishful.  ЬЬwistfully adv.  wistfulness n.  [app.
             assim. of obs.  wistly (adv.) intently (cf.  WHISHT) to wishful,
             with corresp. change of sense]

   wit(1)    n.  1 (in sing. or pl.) intelligence; quick understanding (has
             quick wits; a nimble wit).  2 a the unexpected, quick, and
             humorous combining or contrasting of ideas or expressions
             (conversation sparkling with wit).  b the power of giving
             intellectual pleasure by this.  3 a person possessing such a
             power, esp. a cleverly humorous person.  Ьat one's wit's (or
             wits') end utterly at a loss or in despair.  have (or keep)
             one's wits about one be alert or vigilant or of lively
             intelligence.  live by one's wits live by ingenious or crafty
             expedients, without a settled occupation.  out of one's wits
             mad, distracted.  set one's wits to argue with.  ЬЬwitted adj.
             (in sense 1); (also in comb.).  [OE wit(t), gewit(t) f. Gmc]

   wit(2)    v.tr. & intr.  (1st & 3rd sing. present wot; past and past part.
             wist) (often foll. by of) archaic know.  Ьto wit that is to say;
             namely.  [OE witan f. Gmc]

   witch     n. & v.  --n.  1 a sorceress, esp. a woman supposed to have
             dealings with the devil or evil spirits.  2 an ugly old woman; a
             hag.  3 a fascinating girl or woman.  4 a flat-fish,
             Pleuronectes cynoglossus, resembling the lemon sole.  --v.tr.
             archaic 1 bewitch.  2 fascinate, charm, lure.  Ьwitch-doctor a
             tribal magician of primitive people.  witches' sabbath see
             SABBATH 3.  witch-hunt 1 hist. a search for and persecution of
             supposed witches.  2 a campaign directed against a particular
             group of those holding unpopular or unorthodox views, esp.
             communists.  the witching hour midnight, when witches are
             supposedly active (after Shakesp.  Hamlet III. ii. 377 the
             witching time of night).  ЬЬwitching adj.  witchlike adj.  [OE
             wicca (masc.), wicce (fem.), rel. to wiccian (v.) practise magic

   witch-    var. of WYCH-.

             n.  the use of magic; sorcery.

   witchery  n.  1 witchcraft.  2 power exercised by beauty or eloquence or
             the like.

   witchetty n.  (pl.  -ies) Austral.  a large white larva of a beetle or
             moth, eaten as food by Aborigines.  [Aboriginal]

             n.  (also wych-hazel) 1 any American shrub of the genus
             Hamamelis, with bark yielding an astringent lotion.  2 this
             lotion, esp. from the leaves of H. virginiana.

             n.  hist.  an Anglo-Saxon national council or parliament.  [OE
             f.  witena genit. pl. of wita wise man (as WIT(2)) + gemot
             meeting: cf.  MOOT]

   with      prep.  expressing: 1 an instrument or means used (cut with a
             knife; can walk with assistance).  2 association or company
             (lives with his mother; works with Shell; lamb with mint sauce).
             3 cause or origin (shiver with fear; in bed with measles).  4
             possession, attribution (the man with dark hair; a vase with
             handles).  5 circumstances; accompanying conditions (sleep with
             the window open; a holiday with all expenses paid).  6 manner
             adopted or displayed (behaved with dignity; spoke with
             vehemence; handle with care; won with ease).  7 agreement or
             harmony (sympathize with; I believe with you that it can be
             done).  8 disagreement, antagonism, competition (incompatible
             with; stop arguing with me).  9 responsibility or care for (the
             decision rests with you; leave the child with me).  10 material
             (made with gold).  11 addition or supply; possession of as a
             material, attribute, circumstance, etc. (fill it with water;
             threaten with dismissal; decorate with holly).  12 reference or
             regard (be patient with them; how are things with you?; what do
             you want with me?; there's nothing wrong with expressing one's
             opinion).  13 relation or causative association (changes with
             the weather; keeps pace with the cost of living).  14 an
             accepted circumstance or consideration (with all your faults, we
             like you).  Ьaway (or in or out etc.) with (as int.) take, send,
             or put (a person or thing) away, in, out, etc.  be with a person
             1 agree with and support a person.  2 colloq. follow a person's
             meaning (are you with me?).  one with part of the same whole as.
             with child (or young) literary pregnant.  with it colloq.  1 up
             to date; conversant with modern ideas etc.  2 alert and
             comprehending.  with-it adj.  colloq.  (of clothes etc.)
             fashionable.  with that thereupon.  [OE, prob. shortened f. a
             Gmc prep. corresp. to OE wither, OHG widar against]

   withal    adv. & prep.  archaic --adv. moreover; as well; at the same
             time.  --prep. (placed after its expressed or omitted object)
             with (what shall he fill his belly withal?).  [ME f.  WITH +

   withdraw  v.  (past withdrew; past part.  withdrawn) 1 tr. pull or take
             aside or back (withdrew my hand).  2 tr. discontinue, cancel,
             retract (withdrew my support; the promise was later withdrawn).
             3 tr. remove; take away (withdrew the child from school;
             withdrew their troops).  4 tr. take (money) out of an account.
             5 intr. retire or go away; move away or back.  6 intr. (as
             withdrawn adj.) abnormally shy and unsociable; mentally
             detached.  Ьwithdrawing-room archaic = DRAWING-ROOM 1.
             ЬЬwithdrawer n.  [ME f.  with- away (as WITH) + DRAW]

             n.  1 the act or an instance of withdrawing or being withdrawn.
             2 a process of ceasing to take addictive drugs, often with an
             unpleasant physical reaction (withdrawal symptoms).  3 = coitus

   withe     (also withy) (pl.  withes or -ies) n.  a tough flexible shoot
             esp. of willow or osier used for tying a bundle of wood etc.
             [OE withthe, withig f. Gmc, rel. to WIRE]

   wither    v.  1 tr. & intr. (often foll. by up) make or become dry and
             shrivelled (withered flowers).  2 tr. & intr. (often foll. by
             away) deprive of or lose vigour, vitality, freshness, or
             importance.  3 intr. decay, decline.  4 tr.  a blight with scorn
             etc.  b (as withering adj.) scornful (a withering look).
             ЬЬwitheringly adv.  [ME, app. var. of WEATHER differentiated for
             certain senses]

   withers   n.pl.  the ridge between a horse's shoulder-blades.  [shortening
             of (16th-c.)  widersome (or -sone) f.  wider-, wither- against
             (cf.  WITH), as the part that resists the strain of the collar:
             second element obscure]

             adv.  (also widdershins) esp.  Sc.  1 in a direction contrary to
             the sun's course (considered as unlucky).  2 anticlockwise.
             [MLG weddersins f. MHG widdersinnes f.  wider against + sin

   withhold  v.tr.  (past and past part.  -held) 1 (often foll. by from) hold
             back; restrain.  2 refuse to give, grant, or allow (withhold
             one's consent; withhold the truth).  ЬЬwithholder n.  [ME f.
             with- away (as WITH) + HOLD(1)]

   within    adv. & prep.  --adv.  archaic or literary 1 inside; to, at, or
             on the inside; internally.  2 indoors (is anyone within?).  3 in
             spirit (make me pure within).  4 inside the city walls
             (Bishopsgate within).  --prep.  1 inside; enclosed or contained
             by.  2 a not beyond or exceeding (within one's means).  b not
             transgressing (within the law; within reason).  3 not further
             off than (within three miles of a station; within shouting
             distance; within ten days).  Ьwithin doors in or into a house.
             within one's grasp see GRASP.  within reach (or sight) of near
             enough to be reached or seen.  [OE withinnan on the inside (as
             WITH, innan (adv. & prep.) within, formed as IN)]

   without   prep. & adv.  --prep.  1 not having, feeling, or showing (came
             without any money; without hesitation; without any emotion).  2
             with freedom from (without fear; without embarrassment).  3 in
             the absence of (cannot live without you; the train left without
             us).  4 with neglect or avoidance of (do not leave without
             telling me).  °Use as a conj., as in do not leave without you
             tell me, is non-standard.  5 archaic outside (without the city
             wall).  --adv.  archaic or literary 1 outside (seen from
             without).  2 out of doors (remained shivering without).  3 in
             outward appearance (rough without but kind within).  4 outside
             the city walls (Bishopsgate without).  Ьwithout end infinite,
             eternal.  [OE withutan (as WITH, utan from outside, formed as

   withstand v.  (past and past part.  -stood) 1 tr. oppose, resist, hold out
             against (a person, force, etc.).  2 intr. make opposition; offer
             resistance.  ЬЬwithstander n.  [OE withstandan f.  with- against
             (as WITH) + STAND]

   withy     n.  (pl.  -ies) 1 a willow of any species.  2 var. of WITHE.

   witless   adj.  1 lacking wits; foolish, stupid.  2 crazy.  ЬЬwitlessly
             adv.  witlessness n.  [OE witleas (as WIT(1), -LESS)]

   witling   n.  archaic usu.  derog.  a person who fancies himself or
             herself as a wit.

   witness   n. & v.  --n.  1 a person present at some event and able to give
             information about it (cf.  EYEWITNESS).  2 a a person giving
             sworn testimony.  b a person attesting another's signature to a
             document.  3 (foll. by to, of) a person or thing whose
             existence, condition, etc., attests or proves something (is a
             living witness to their generosity).  4 testimony, evidence,
             confirmation.  --v.  1 tr. be a witness of (an event etc.) (did
             you witness the accident?).  2 tr. be witness to the
             authenticity of (a document or signature).  3 tr. serve as
             evidence or an indication of.  4 intr. (foll. by against, for,
             to) give or serve as evidence.  Ьbear witness to (or of) 1
             attest the truth of.  2 state one's belief in.  call to witness
             appeal to for confirmation etc.  witness-box (US -stand) an
             enclosure in a lawcourt from which witnesses give evidence.  [OE
             witnes (as WIT(1), -NESS)]

   witter    v.intr.  (often foll. by on) colloq.  speak tediously on trivial
             matters.  [20th c.: prob. imit.]

   witticism n.  a witty remark.  [coined by Dryden (1677) f.  WITTY, after

   witting   adj.  1 aware.  2 intentional.  ЬЬwittingly adv.  [ME f.  WIT(2)
             + -ING(2)]

   witty     adj.  (wittier, wittiest) 1 showing verbal wit.  2 characterized
             by wit or humour.  ЬЬwittily adv.  wittiness n.  [OE witig,
             wittig (as WIT(1), -Y(1))]

   wivern    var. of WYVERN.

   wives     pl. of WIFE.

   wiz       var. of WHIZ n.  2.

   wizard    n. & adj.  --n.  1 a sorcerer; a magician.  2 a person of
             remarkable powers, a genius.  3 a conjuror.  --adj.  sl. esp.
             Brit. wonderful, excellent.  ЬЬwizardly adj.  wizardry n.  [ME
             f.  WISE(1) + -ARD]

   wizened   adj.  (also wizen) (of a person or face etc.)
             shrivelled-looking.  [past part. of wizen shrivel f. OE wisnian
             f. Gmc]

7.0 wk....

   wk.       abbr.  1 week.  2 work.  3 weak.

   wks.      abbr.  weeks.

8.0 Wm....

   Wm.       abbr.  William.

   WMO       abbr.  World Meteorological Organization.

9.0 WNW

   WNW       abbr.  west-north-west.

10.0 WO...

   WO        abbr.  Warrant Officer.

   wo        int.  = WHOA.  [var. of who (int.), HO]

   w.o.      abbr.  walk-over.

   woad      n.  hist.  1 a cruciferous plant, Isatis tinctoria, yielding a
             blue dye now superseded by indigo.  2 the dye obtained from
             this.  [OE wad f. Gmc]

   wobbegong n.  an Australian brown shark, Orectolobus maculatus, with buff
             patterned markings.  [Aboriginal]

   wobble    v. & n.  --v.  1 a intr. sway or vibrate unsteadily from side to
             side.  b tr. cause to do this.  2 intr. stand or go unsteadily;
             stagger.  3 intr. waver, vacillate; act inconsistently.  4 intr.
             (of the voice or sound) quaver, pulsate.  --n.  1 a wobbling
             movement.  2 an instance of vacillation or pulsation.
             Ьwobble-board Austral.  a piece of fibreboard used as a musical
             instrument with a low booming sound.  ЬЬwobbler n.  [earlier
             wabble, corresp. to LG wabbeln, ON vafla waver f. Gmc: cf.
             WAVE, WAVER, -LE(4)]

   wobbly    adj.  (wobblier, wobbliest) 1 wobbling or tending to wobble.  2
             wavy, undulating (a wobbly line).  3 unsteady; weak after
             illness (feeling wobbly).  4 wavering, vacillating, insecure
             (the economy was wobbly).  Ьthrow a wobbly sl.  have a fit of
             nerves.  ЬЬwobbliness n.

   wodge     n.  Brit.  colloq.  a chunk or lump.  [alt. of WEDGE(1)]

   woe       n.  archaic or literary 1 affliction; bitter grief; distress.  2
             (in pl.) calamities, troubles.  3 joc. problems (told me a tale
             of woe).  Ьwoe betide there will be unfortunate consequences for
             (woe betide you if you are late).  woe is me an exclamation of
             distress.  [OE wa, w‘ f. Gmc, a natural exclam. of lament]

   woebegone adj.  dismal-looking.  [WOE + begone = surrounded f. OE began
             (as BE-, GO(1))]

   woeful    adj.  1 sorrowful; afflicted with distress (a woeful
             expression).  2 causing sorrow or affliction.  3 very bad;
             wretched (woeful ignorance).  ЬЬwoefully adv.  woefulness n.

   wog(1)    n.  sl.  offens.  a foreigner, esp. a non-White one.  [20th c.:
             orig. unkn.]

   wog(2)    n.  Austral.  sl.  an illness or infection.  [20th c.: orig.

   woggle    n.  a leather etc. ring through which the ends of a Scout's
             neckerchief are passed at the neck.  [20th c.: orig. unkn.]

   wok       n.  a bowl-shaped frying-pan used in esp. Chinese cookery.

   woke      past of WAKE(1).

   woken     past part. of WAKE(1).

   wold      n.  a piece of high open uncultivated land or moor.  [OE wald f.
             Gmc, perh. rel. to WILD: cf.  WEALD]

   wolf      n. & v.  --n.  (pl.  wolves) 1 a wild flesh-eating tawny-grey
             mammal related to the dog, esp.  Canis lupus, preying on sheep
             etc. and hunting in packs.  2 sl. a man given to seducing women.
             3 a rapacious or greedy person.  4 Mus.  a a jarring sound from
             some notes in a bowed instrument.  b an out-of-tune effect when
             playing certain chords on old organs (before the present 'equal
             temperament' was in use).  --v.tr. (often foll. by down) devour
             (food) greedily.  Ьcry wolf raise repeated false alarms (so that
             a genuine one is disregarded).  have (or hold) a wolf by the
             ears be in a precarious position.  keep the wolf from the door
             avert hunger or starvation.  lone wolf a person who prefers to
             act alone.  throw to the wolves sacrifice without compunction.
             wolf-cub 1 a young wolf.  2 Brit. the former name for a Cub
             Scout.  wolf-fish any large voracious blenny of the genus
             Anarrhichas.  wolf in sheep's clothing a hostile person who
             pretends friendship.  wolf-pack an attacking group of submarines
             or aircraft.  wolf's-milk spurge.  wolf-spider any
             ground-dwelling spider of the family Lycosidae, hunting instead
             of trapping its prey.  wolf-whistle n.  a sexually admiring
             whistle by a man to a woman.  --v.intr. make a wolf-whistle.
             ЬЬwolfish adj.  wolfishly adv.  wolflike adj. & adv.  [OE wulf
             f. Gmc]

   wolfhound n.  a borzoi or other dog of a kind used orig. to hunt wolves.

   wolfram   n.  1 tungsten.  2 tungsten ore; a native tungstate of iron and
             manganese.  [G: perh. f.  Wolf WOLF + Rahm cream, or MHG ram
             dirt, soot]

             n.  = WOLFRAM 2.

   wolfsbane n.  an aconite, esp.  Aconitum lycoctonum.

   wolfskin  n.  1 the skin of a wolf.  2 a mat, cloak, etc., made from this.

   wolverine n.  (also wolverene) = GLUTTON 3.  [16th-c.  wolvering, somehow
             derived f.  wolv-, stem of WOLF]

   wolves    pl. of WOLF.

   woman     n.  (pl.  women) 1 an adult human female.  2 the female sex; any
             or an average woman (how does woman differ from man?).  3 a wife
             or female sexual partner.  4 (prec. by the) emotions or
             characteristics traditionally associated with women (brought out
             the woman in him).  5 a man with characteristics traditionally
             associated with women.  6 (attrib.) female (woman driver; women
             friends).  7 (as second element in comb.) a woman of a specified
             nationality, profession, skill, etc.  (Englishwoman;
             horsewoman).  8 colloq. a female domestic help.  9 archaic or
             hist. a queen's etc. female attendant ranking below lady (woman
             of the bedchamber).  Ьwoman of the streets a prostitute.
             Women's Institute an organization of women in rural areas to
             meet regularly and participate in crafts, cultural activities,
             etc.  women's lib colloq. = women's liberation.  women's libber
             colloq.  a supporter of women's liberation.  women's liberation
             the liberation of women from inequalities and subservient status
             in relation to men, and from attitudes causing these.  Women's
             Liberation (or Movement) a movement campaigning for women's
             liberation.  women's rights rights that promote a position of
             legal and social equality of women with men.  ЬЬwomanless adj.
             womanlike adj.  [OE wifmon, -man (as WIFE, MAN), a formation
             peculiar to English, the ancient word being WIFE]

   womanhood n.  1 female maturity.  2 womanly instinct.  3 womankind.

   womanish  adj.  usu.  derog.  1 (of a man) effeminate, unmanly.  2
             suitable to or characteristic of a woman.  ЬЬwomanishly adv.
             womanishness n.

   womanize  v.  (also -ise) 1 intr. chase after women; philander.  2 tr.
             make womanish.  ЬЬwomanizer n.

   womankind n.  (also womenkind) women in general.

   womanly   adj.  (of a woman) having or showing qualities traditionally
             associated with women; not masculine or girlish.  ЬЬwomanliness

   womb      n.  1 the organ of conception and gestation in a woman and other
             female mammals; the uterus.  2 a place of origination and
             development.  ЬЬwomblike adj.  [OE wamb, womb]

   wombat    n.  any burrowing plant-eating Australian marsupial of the
             family Vombatidae, resembling a small bear, with short legs.

   women     pl. of WOMAN.

   womenfolk n.  1 women in general.  2 the women in a family.

   womenkind var. of WOMANKIND.

   won       past and past part. of WIN.

   wonder    n. & v.  --n.  1 an emotion excited by what is unexpected,
             unfamiliar, or inexplicable, esp. surprise mingled with
             admiration or curiosity etc.  2 a strange or remarkable person
             or thing, specimen, event, etc.  3 (attrib.) having marvellous
             or amazing properties etc.  (a wonder drug).  4 a surprising
             thing (it is a wonder you were not hurt).  --v.  1 intr. (often
             foll. by at, or to + infin.) be filled with wonder or great
             surprise.  2 tr. (foll. by that + clause) be surprised to find.
             3 tr. desire or be curious to know (I wonder what the time is).
             4 tr. expressing a tentative enquiry (I wonder whether you would
             mind?).  ЬI shouldn't wonder colloq.  I think it likely.  I
             wonder I very much doubt it.  no (or small) wonder (often foll.
             by that + clause) one cannot be surprised; one might have
             guessed; it is natural.  the seven wonders of the world seven
             buildings and monuments regarded in antiquity as specially
             remarkable.  wonder-struck (or -stricken) reduced to silence by
             wonder.  wonders will never cease an exclamation of extreme
             (usu. agreeable) surprise.  wonder-worker a person who performs
             wonders.  work (or do) wonders 1 do miracles.  2 succeed
             remarkably.  ЬЬwonderer n.  [OE wundor, wundrian, of unkn.

   wonderful adj.  1 very remarkable or admirable.  2 arousing wonder.
             ЬЬwonderfully adv.  wonderfulness n.  [OE wunderfull (as WONDER,

   wondering adj.  filled with wonder; marvelling (their wondering gaze).
             ЬЬwonderingly adv.

             n.  1 a fairyland.  2 a land of surprises or marvels.

             n.  surprise, awe.

   wondrous  adj. & adv.  poet.  --adj. wonderful.  --adv. wonderfully
             (wondrous kind).  ЬЬwondrously adv.  wondrousness n.  [alt. of
             obs.  wonders (adj. & adv.), = genit. of WONDER (cf.  -S(3))
             after marvellous]

   wonky     adj.  (wonkier, wonkiest) Brit.  sl.  1 crooked.  2 loose,
             unsteady.  3 unreliable.  ЬЬwonkily adv.  wonkiness n.
             [fanciful formation]

   wont      adj., n., & v.  --predic.adj.  archaic or literary (foll. by to
             + infin.) accustomed (as we were wont to say).  --n.  formal or
             joc. what is customary, one's habit (as is my wont).  --v.tr. &
             intr.  (3rd sing. present wonts or wont; past wont or wonted)
             archaic make or become accustomed.  [OE gewunod past part. of
             gewunian f.  wunian dwell]

   won't     contr.  will not.

   wonted    attrib.adj.  habitual, accustomed, usual.

   woo       v.tr.  (woos, wooed) 1 court; seek the hand or love of (a
             woman).  2 try to win (fame, fortune, etc.).  3 seek the favour
             or support of.  4 coax or importune.  ЬЬwooable adj.  wooer n.
             [OE wogian (intr.), awogian (tr.), of unkn. orig.]

   wood      n.  1 a a hard fibrous material that forms the main substance of
             the trunk or branches of a tree or shrub.  b this cut for timber
             or for fuel, or for use in crafts, manufacture, etc.  2 (in
             sing. or pl.) growing trees densely occupying a tract of land.
             3 (prec. by the) wooden storage, esp. a cask, for wine etc.
             (poured straight from the wood).  4 a wooden-headed golf club.
             5 = BOWL(2) n.  1.  Ьnot see the wood for the trees fail to
             grasp the main issue from over-attention to details.  out of the
             wood (or woods) out of danger or difficulty.  wood alcohol
             methanol.  wood anemone a wild spring-flowering anemone, Anemone
             nemorosa.  wood-engraver a maker of wood-engravings.
             wood-engraving 1 a relief cut on a block of wood sawn across the
             grain.  2 a print made from this.  3 the technique of making
             such reliefs and prints.  wood-fibre fibre obtained from wood
             esp. as material for paper.  wood hyacinth = BLUEBELL 1.  wood
             nymph a dryad or hamadryad.  wood pulp wood-fibre reduced
             chemically or mechanically to pulp as raw material for paper.
             wood-screw a metal male screw with a slotted head and sharp
             point.  wood sorrel a small plant, Oxalis acetosella, with
             trifoliate leaves and white flowers streaked with purple.  wood
             spirit crude methanol obtained from wood.  wood warbler 1 a
             European woodland bird, Phylloscopus sibilatrix, with a trilling
             song.  2 any American warbler of the family Parulidae.  wood
             wool fine pine etc. shavings used as a surgical dressing or for
             packing.  ЬЬwoodless adj.  [OE wudu, wi(o)du f. Gmc]

   woodbind  n.  = WOODBINE.

   woodbine  n.  1 wild honeysuckle.  2 US Virginia creeper.

   woodblock n.  a block from which woodcuts are made.

   woodchuck n.  a reddish-brown and grey N. American marmot, Marmota monax.
             [Amer. Ind. name: cf. Cree wuchak, otchock]

   woodcock  n.  (pl. same) any game-bird of the genus Scolopax, inhabiting

   woodcraft n.  esp.  US 1 skill in woodwork.  2 knowledge of woodland esp.
             in camping, scouting, etc.

   woodcut   n.  1 a relief cut on a block of wood sawn along the grain.  2 a
             print made from this, esp. as an illustration in a book.  3 the
             technique of making such reliefs and prints.

             n.  1 a person who cuts wood.  2 a maker of woodcuts.

   wooded    adj.  having woods or many trees.

   wooden    adj.  1 made of wood.  2 like wood.  3 a stiff, clumsy, or
             stilted; without animation or flexibility (wooden movements; a
             wooden performance).  b expressionless (a wooden stare).
             Ьwooden-head colloq.  a stupid person.  wooden-headed colloq.
             stupid.  wooden-headedness colloq.  stupidity.  wooden horse =
             Trojan Horse.  wooden spoon a booby prize (orig. a spoon given
             to the candidate coming last in the Cambridge mathematical
             tripos).  ЬЬwoodenly adv.  woodenness n.

             n.  = CAPERCAILLIE.

   woodland  n.  wooded country, woods (often attrib.: woodland scenery).
             ЬЬwoodlander n.

   woodlark  n.  a lark, Lullula arborea.

   woodlouse n.  (pl.  -lice) any small terrestrial isopod crustacean of the
             genus Oniscus etc. feeding on rotten wood etc. and often able to
             roll into a ball.

   woodman   n.  (pl.  -men) 1 a forester.  2 a woodcutter.

   woodmouse n.  (pl.  -mice) a fieldmouse.

   woodnote  n.  (often in pl.) a natural or spontaneous note of a bird etc.

             n.  any bird of the family Picidae that climbs and taps
             tree-trunks in search of insects.

   woodpie   n.  a greater spotted woodpecker.

             n.  a dove, Columba palumbus, having white patches like a ring
             round its neck. Also called ring-dove (see RING(1)).

   woodpile  n.  a pile of wood, esp. for fuel.

   woodruff  n.  a white-flowered plant of the genus Galium, esp.  G.
             odoratum grown for the fragrance of its whorled leaves when
             dried or crushed.

   woodrush  n.  any grassy herbaceous plant of the genus Luzula.

   woodshed  n.  a shed where wood for fuel is stored.  Ьsomething nasty in
             the woodshed colloq.  a shocking or distasteful thing kept

   woodsman  n.  (pl.  -men) 1 a person who lives in or is familiar with
             woodland.  2 a person skilled in woodcraft.

   woodsy    adj.  US like or characteristic of woods.  [irreg. f.  WOOD +

   woodwasp  n.  any sawfly of the family Siricidae, esp.  Urocerus gigas,
             that hangs its nest in trees and inserts its eggs into the wood
             of conifers where the larvae bore damaging tunnels.

   woodwind  n.  (often attrib.) 1 (collect.) the wind instruments of the
             orchestra that were (mostly) orig.  made of wood, e.g. the flute
             and clarinet.  2 (usu. in pl.) an individual instrument of this
             kind or its player (the woodwinds are out of tune).

   woodwork  n.  1 the making of things in wood.  2 things made of wood, esp.
             the wooden parts of a building.  Ьcrawl (or come) out of the
             woodwork colloq.  (of something unwelcome) appear; become known.
             ЬЬwoodworker n.  woodworking n.

   woodworm  n.  1 the wood-boring larva of the furniture beetle.  2 the
             damaged condition of wood affected by this.

   woody     adj.  (woodier, woodiest) 1 (of a region) wooded; abounding in
             woods.  2 like or of wood (woody tissue).  Ьwoody nightshade see
             NIGHTSHADE.  ЬЬwoodiness n.

   woodyard  n.  a yard where wood is used or stored.

   woof(1)   n. & v.  --n. the gruff bark of a dog.  --v.intr. give a woof.

   woof(2)   n.  = WEFT(1).  [OE owef, alt. of owebb (after wefan WEAVE(1)),
             formed as A-(2), WEB: infl. by warp]

   woofer    n.  a loudspeaker designed to reproduce low frequencies (cf.
             TWEETER).  [WOOF(1) + -ER(1)]

   wool      n.  1 fine soft wavy hair from the fleece of sheep, goats, etc.
             2 a yarn produced from this hair.  b cloth or clothing made from
             it.  3 any of various wool-like substances (steel wool).  4 soft
             short under-fur or down.  5 colloq. a person's hair, esp. when
             short and curly.  Ьpull the wool over a person's eyes deceive a
             person.  wool-fat lanolin.  wool-fell Brit.  the skin of a sheep
             etc. with the fleece still on.  wool-gathering
             absent-mindedness; dreamy inattention.  wool-grower a breeder of
             sheep for wool.  wool-oil suint.  wool-pack 1 a fleecy cumulus
             cloud.  2 hist. a bale of wool.  wool-skin = wool-fell.
             wool-sorters' disease anthrax.  wool-stapler a person who grades
             wool.  ЬЬwool-like adj.  [OE wull f. Gmc]

   woollen   adj. & n.  (US woolen) --adj. made wholly or partly of wool,
             esp. from short fibres.  --n.  1 a fabric produced from wool.  2
             (in pl.) woollen garments.  [OE wullen (as WOOL, -EN(2))]

   woolly    adj. & n.  --adj.  (woollier, woolliest) 1 bearing or naturally
             covered with wool or wool-like hair.  2 resembling or suggesting
             wool (woolly clouds).  3 (of a sound) indistinct.  4 (of
             thought) vague or confused.  5 Bot. downy.  6 lacking in
             definition, luminosity, or incisiveness.  --n.  (pl.  -ies)
             colloq. a woollen garment, esp. a knitted pullover.
             Ьwoolly-bear a large hairy caterpillar, esp. of the tiger moth.
             ЬЬwoolliness n.

   Woolsack  n.  1 (in the UK) the Lord Chancellor's wool-stuffed seat in the
             House of Lords.  2 the position of Lord Chancellor.

   woolshed  n.  Austral. & NZ a large shed for shearing and baling wool.

   woomera   n.  Austral.  1 an Aboriginal stick for throwing a dart or spear
             more forcibly.  2 a club used as a missile.  [Aboriginal]

   woop woop n.  Austral. & NZ sl.  1 a jocular name for a remote outback
             town or district.  2 (Woop Woop) an imaginary remote place.
             [mock Aboriginal]

   woosh     var. of WHOOSH.

   woozy     adj.  (woozier, wooziest) colloq.  1 dizzy or unsteady.  2 dazed
             or slightly drunk.  3 vague.  ЬЬwoozily adv.  wooziness n.
             [19th c.: orig. unkn.]

   wop       n.  sl.  offens.  an Italian or other S. European.  [20th c.:
             orig. uncert.: perh. f. It.  guappo bold, showy, f. Sp.  guapo

   Worcester sauce
             n.  a pungent sauce first made in Worcester.  [Worcester in S.

   Worcs.    abbr.  Worcestershire.

   word      n. & v.  --n.  1 a sound or combination of sounds forming a
             meaningful element of speech, usu. shown with a space on either
             side of it when written or printed, used as part (or occas. as
             the whole) of a sentence.  2 speech, esp. as distinct from
             action (bold in word only).  3 one's promise or assurance (gave
             us their word).  4 (in sing. or pl.) a thing said, a remark or
             conversation.  5 (in pl.) the text of a song or an actor's part.
             6 (in pl.) angry talk (they had words).  7 news, intelligence; a
             message.  8 a command, password, or motto (gave the word to
             begin).  9 a basic unit of the expression of data in a computer.
             --v.tr. put into words; select words to express (how shall we
             word that?).  Ьat a word as soon as requested.  be as good as
             (or better than) one's word fulfil (or exceed) what one has
             promised.  break one's word fail to do what one has promised.
             have no words for be unable to express.  have a word (often
             foll. by with) speak briefly (to).  in other words expressing
             the same thing differently.  in so many words explicitly or
             bluntly.  in a (or one) word briefly.  keep one's word do what
             one has promised.  my (or upon my) word an exclamation of
             surprise or consternation.  not the word for it not an adequate
             or appropriate description.  of few words taciturn.  of one's
             word reliable in keeping promises (a woman of her word).  on (or
             upon) my word a form of asseveration.  put into words express in
             speech or writing.  take a person at his or her word interpret a
             person's words literally or exactly.  take a person's word for
             it believe a person's statement without investigation etc.  too
             ... for words too ... to be adequately described (was too funny
             for words).  waste words talk in vain.  the Word (or Word of
             God) the Bible.  word-blind incapable of identifying written or
             printed words owing to a brain defect.  word-blindness this
             condition.  word-deaf incapable of identifying spoken words
             owing to a brain defect.  word-deafness this condition.  word
             for word in exactly the same or (of translation) corresponding
             words.  word-game a game involving the making or selection etc.
             of words.  word of honour an assurance given upon one's honour.
             word of mouth speech (only).  word order the sequence of words
             in a sentence, esp. affecting meaning etc.  word-painting a
             vivid description in writing.  word-perfect knowing one's part
             etc. by heart.  word-picture a piece of word-painting.  word
             processor a purpose-built computer system for electronically
             storing text entered from a keyboard, incorporating corrections,
             and providing a printout.  words fail me an expression of
             disbelief, dismay, etc.  word-square a set of words of equal
             length written one under another to read the same down as across
             (e.g.  too old ode).  a word to the wise = VERB. SAP.  ЬЬwordage
             n.  wordless adj.  wordlessly adv.  wordlessness n.  [OE f. Gmc]

   wordbook  n.  a book with lists of words; a vocabulary or dictionary.

   wording   n.  1 a form of words used.  2 the way in which something is

   wordplay  n.  use of words to witty effect, esp. by punning.

   wordsmith n.  a skilled user or maker of words.

   wordy     adj.  (wordier, wordiest) 1 using or expressed in many or too
             many words; verbose.  2 consisting of words.  ЬЬwordily adv.
             wordiness n.  [OE wordig (as WORD, -Y(1))]

   wore(1)   past of WEAR(1).

   wore(2)   past and past part. of WEAR(2).

   work      n. & v.  --n.  1 the application of mental or physical effort to
             a purpose; the use of energy.  2 a a task to be undertaken.  b
             the materials for this.  c (prec. by the; foll. by of) a task
             occupying (no more than) a specified time (the work of a
             moment).  3 a thing done or made by work; the result of an
             action; an achievement; a thing made.  4 a person's employment
             or occupation etc., esp. as a means of earning income (looked
             for work; is out of work).  5 a a literary or musical
             composition.  b (in pl.) all such by an author or composer etc.
             6 actions or experiences of a specified kind (good work!; this
             is thirsty work).  7 a (in comb.) things or parts made of a
             specified material or with specified tools etc. (ironwork;
             needlework).  b archaic needlework.  8 (in pl.) the operative
             part of a clock or machine.  9 Physics the exertion of force
             overcoming resistance or producing molecular change (convert
             heat into work).  10 (in pl.) colloq. all that is available;
             everything needed.  11 (in pl.) operations of building or repair
             (road works).  12 (in pl.; often treated as sing.) a place where
             manufacture is carried on.  13 (usu. in pl.) Theol. a
             meritorious act.  14 (usu. in pl. or in comb.) a defensive
             structure (earthworks).  15 (in comb.) a ornamentation of a
             specified kind (poker-work).  b articles having this.  --v.
             (past and past part.  worked or (esp. as adj.) wrought) 1 intr.
             (often foll. by at, on) do work; be engaged in bodily or mental
             activity.  2 intr.  a be employed in certain work (works in
             industry; works as a secretary).  b (foll. by with) be the
             workmate of (a person).  3 intr. (often foll. by for) make
             efforts; conduct a campaign (works for peace).  4 intr. (foll.
             by in) be a craftsman (in a material).  5 intr. operate or
             function, esp. effectively (how does this machine work?; your
             idea will not work).  6 intr. (of a part of a machine) run,
             revolve; go through regular motions.  7 tr. carry on, manage, or
             control (cannot work the machine).  8 tr.  a put or keep in
             operation or at work; cause to toil (this mine is no longer
             worked; works the staff very hard).  b cultivate (land).  9 tr.
             bring about; produce as a result (worked miracles).  10 tr.
             knead, hammer; bring to a desired shape or consistency.  11 tr.
             do, or make by, needlework etc.  12 tr. & intr. (cause to)
             progress or penetrate, or make (one's way), gradually or with
             difficulty in a specified way (worked our way through the crowd;
             worked the peg into the hole).  13 intr. (foll. by loose etc.)
             gradually become (loose etc.) by constant movement.  14 tr.
             artificially excite (worked themselves into a rage).  15 tr.
             solve (a sum) by mathematics.  16 tr.  a purchase with one's
             labour instead of money (work one's passage).  b obtain by
             labour the money for (one's way through university etc.).  17
             intr. (foll. by on, upon) have influence.  18 intr. be in motion
             or agitated; cause agitation, ferment (his features worked
             violently; the yeast began to work).  19 intr.  Naut. sail
             against the wind.  Ьat work in action or engaged in work.  give
             a person the works 1 colloq. give or tell a person everything.
             2 colloq. treat a person harshly.  3 sl. kill a person.  have
             one's work cut out be faced with a hard task.  set to work begin
             or cause to begin operations.  work away (or on) continue to
             work.  work-basket (or -bag etc.) a basket or bag etc.
             containing sewing materials.  work camp a camp at which
             community work is done esp. by young volunteers.  work one's
             fingers to the bone see BONE.  work in find a place for.  work
             it colloq.  bring it about; achieve a desired result.  work of
             art a fine picture, poem, or building etc.  work off get rid of
             by work or activity.  work out 1 solve (a sum) or find out (an
             amount) by calculation.  2 (foll. by at) be calculated (the
             total works out at 230).  3 give a definite result (this sum
             will not work out).  4 have a specified result (the plan worked
             out well).  5 provide for the details of (has worked out a
             scheme).  6 accomplish or attain with difficulty (work out one's
             salvation).  7 exhaust with work (the mine is worked out).  8
             engage in physical exercise or training.  work over 1 examine
             thoroughly.  2 colloq. treat with violence.  works council esp.
             Brit.  a group of employees representing those employed in a
             works etc.  in discussions with their employers.  work-shy
             disinclined to work.  works of supererogation see
             SUPEREROGATION.  work study a system of assessing methods of
             working so as to achieve the maximum output and efficiency.
             work table a table for working at, esp. with a sewing-machine.
             work to rule (esp. as a form of industrial action) follow
             official working rules exactly in order to reduce output and
             efficiency.  work-to-rule the act or an instance of working to
             rule.  work up 1 bring gradually to an efficient state.  2
             (foll. by to) advance gradually to a climax.  3 elaborate or
             excite by degrees.  4 mingle (ingredients) into a whole.  5
             learn (a subject) by study.  work one's will (foll. by on, upon)
             archaic accomplish one's purpose on (a person or thing).  work
             wonders see WONDER.  ЬЬworkless adj.  [OE weorc etc. f. Gmc]

   workable  adj.  1 that can be worked or will work.  2 that is worth
             working; practicable, feasible (a workable quarry; a workable
             scheme).  ЬЬworkability () n.  workableness n.  workably adv.

   workaday  adj.  1 ordinary, everyday, practical.  2 fit for, used, or seen
             on workdays.

             n.  colloq.  a person addicted to working.

   workbench n.  a bench for doing mechanical or practical work, esp.

   workbox   n.  a box for holding tools, materials for sewing, etc.

   workday   n.  esp.  US a day on which work is usually done.

   worker    n.  1 a person who works, esp. a manual or industrial employee.
             2 a neuter or undeveloped female of various social insects, esp.
             a bee or ant, that does the basic work of its colony.  Ьworker
             priest a French Roman Catholic or an Anglican priest who engages
             part-time in secular work.

   workforce n.  1 the workers engaged or available in an industry etc.  2
             the number of such workers.

   workhorse n.  a horse, person, or machine that performs hard work.

   workhouse n.  1 Brit.  hist. a public institution in which the destitute
             of a parish received board and lodging in return for work done.
             2 US a house of correction for petty offenders.

   working   adj. & n.  --adj.  1 engaged in work, esp. in manual or
             industrial labour.  2 functioning or able to function.  --n.  1
             the activity of work.  2 the act or manner of functioning of a
             thing.  3 a a mine or quarry.  b the part of this in which work
             is being or has been done (a disused working).  Ьworking capital
             the capital actually used in a business.  working class the
             class of people who are employed for wages, esp. in manual or
             industrial work.  working-class adj.  of the working class.
             working day esp.  Brit.  1 a workday.  2 the part of the day
             devoted to work.  working drawing a drawing to scale, serving as
             a guide for construction or manufacture.  working hours hours
             normally devoted to work.  working hypothesis a hypothesis used
             as a basis for action.  working knowledge knowledge adequate to
             work with.  working lunch etc. a meal at which business is
             conducted.  working order the condition in which a machine works
             (satisfactorily or as specified).  working-out 1 the calculation
             of results.  2 the elaboration of details.  working party a
             group of people appointed to study a particular problem or
             advise on some question.

   workload  n.  the amount of work to be done by an individual etc.

   workman   n.  (pl.  -men) 1 a man employed to do manual labour.  2 a
             person considered with regard to skill in a job (a good

             adj.  characteristic of a good workman; showing practised skill.

             n.  1 the degree of skill in doing a task or of finish in the
             product made.  2 a thing made or created by a specified person

   workmate  n.  a person engaged in the same work as another.

   workout   n.  a session of physical exercise or training.

             n.pl.  people in paid employment.

   workpiece n.  a thing worked on with a tool or machine.

   workplace n.  a place at which a person works; an office, factory, etc.

   workroom  n.  a room for working in, esp. one equipped for a certain kind
             of work.

   worksheet n.  1 a paper for recording work done or in progress.  2 a paper
             listing questions or activities for students etc.  to work

   workshop  n.  1 a room or building in which goods are manufactured.  2 a a
             meeting for concerted discussion or activity (a dance workshop).
             b the members of such a meeting.

             n.  1 the location of a stage in a manufacturing process.  2 a
             computer terminal or the desk etc. where this is located.

   worktop   n.  a flat surface for working on, esp. in a kitchen.

   workwoman n.  (pl.  -women) a female worker or operative.

   world     n.  1 a the earth, or a planetary body like it.  b its countries
             and their inhabitants.  c all people; the earth as known or in
             some particular respect.  2 a the universe or all that exists;
             everything.  b everything that exists outside oneself (dead to
             the world).  3 a the time, state, or scene of human existence.
             b (prec. by the, this) mortal life.  4 secular interests and
             affairs.  5 human affairs; their course and conditions; active
             life (how goes the world with you?).  6 average, respectable, or
             fashionable people or their customs or opinions.  7 all that
             concerns or all who belong to a specified class, time, domain,
             or sphere of activity (the medieval world; the world of sport).
             8 (foll. by of) a vast amount (that makes a world of
             difference).  9 (attrib.) affecting many nations, of all nations
             (world politics; a world champion).  Ьall the world and his wife
             1 any large mixed gathering of people.  2 all with pretensions
             to fashion.  bring into the world give birth to or attend at the
             birth of.  carry the world before one have rapid and complete
             success.  come into the world be born.  for all the world (foll.
             by like, as if) precisely (looked for all the world as if they
             were real).  get the best of both worlds benefit from two
             incompatible sets of ideas, circumstances, etc.  in the world of
             all; at all (used as an intensifier in questions) (what in the
             world is it?).  man (or woman) of the world a person experienced
             and practical in human affairs.  the next (or other) world a
             supposed life after death.  out of this world colloq.  extremely
             good etc. (the food was out of this world).  see the world
             travel widely; gain wide experience.  think the world of have a
             very high regard for.  World Bank colloq.  the International
             Bank for Reconstruction and Development, an organization
             administering economic aid between member nations.  world-beater
             a person or thing surpassing all others.  world-class of a
             quality or standard regarded as high throughout the world.
             World Cup a competition between football or other sporting teams
             from various countries.  world-famous known throughout the
             world.  the world, the flesh, and the devil the various kinds of
             temptation.  world language 1 an artificial language for
             international use.  2 a language spoken in many countries.
             world-line Physics a curve in space-time joining the positions
             of a particle throughout its existence.  the (or all the) world
             over throughout the world.  world power a nation having power
             and influence in world affairs.  the world's end the farthest
             attainable point of travel.  World Series the US championship
             for baseball teams.  world-shaking of supreme importance.  the
             world to come supposed life after death.  world-view =
             WELTANSCHAUUNG.  world war a war involving many important
             nations (First World War of 1914-18; Second World War of
             1939-45).  world-weariness being world-weary.  world-weary weary
             of the world and life on it.  world without end for ever.  [OE
             w(e)orold, world f. a Gmc root meaning 'age': rel. to OLD]

   worldling n.  a worldly person.

   worldly   adj.  (worldlier, worldliest) 1 temporal or earthly (worldly
             goods).  2 engrossed in temporal affairs, esp. the pursuit of
             wealth and pleasure.  Ьworldly-minded intent on worldly things.
             worldly wisdom prudence as regards one's own interests.
             worldly-wise having worldly wisdom.  ЬЬworldliness n.  [OE
             woruldlic (as WORLD, -LY(1))]

   worldwide adj. & adv.  --adj. affecting, occurring in, or known in all
             parts of the world.  --adv. throughout the world.

   worm      n. & v.  --n.  1 any of various types of creeping or burrowing
             invertebrate animals with long slender bodies and no limbs, esp.
             segmented in rings or parasitic in the intestines or tissues.  2
             the long slender larva of an insect, esp. in fruit or wood.  3
             (in pl.) intestinal or other internal parasites.  4 a blindworm
             or slow-worm.  5 a maggot supposed to eat dead bodies in the
             grave.  6 an insignificant or contemptible person.  7 a the
             spiral part of a screw.  b a short screw working in a worm-gear.
             8 the spiral pipe of a still in which the vapour is cooled and
             condensed.  9 the ligament under a dog's tongue.  --v.  1 intr.
             & tr. (often refl.) move with a crawling motion (wormed through
             the bushes; wormed our way through the bushes).  2 intr. & refl.
             (foll. by into) insinuate oneself into a person's favour,
             confidence, etc.  3 tr. (foll. by out) obtain (a secret etc.) by
             cunning persistence (managed to worm the truth out of them).  4
             tr. cut the worm of (a dog's tongue).  5 tr. rid (a plant or dog
             etc.) of worms.  6 tr.  Naut. make (a rope etc.) smooth by
             winding thread between the strands.  Ьfood for worms a dead
             person.  worm-cast a convoluted mass of earth left on the
             surface by a burrowing earthworm.  worm-fishing fishing with
             worms for bait.  worm-gear an arrangement of a toothed wheel
             worked by a revolving spiral.  worm-hole a hole left by the
             passage of a worm.  worm-seed 1 seed used to expel intestinal
             worms.  2 a plant e.g. santonica bearing this seed.  worm's-eye
             view a view as seen from below or from a humble position.
             worm-wheel the wheel of a worm-gear.  a (or even a) worm will
             turn the meekest will resist or retaliate if pushed too far.
             ЬЬwormer n.  wormlike adj.  [OE wyrm f. Gmc]

   wormeaten adj.  1 a eaten into by worms.  b rotten, decayed.  2 old and

   wormwood  n.  1 any woody shrub of the genus Artemisia, with a bitter
             aromatic taste, used in the preparation of vermouth and absinthe
             and in medicine.  2 bitter mortification or a source of this.
             [ME, alt. f. obs.  wormod f. OE wormod, wermod, after worm,
             wood: cf.  VERMOUTH]

   wormy     adj.  (wormier, wormiest) 1 full of worms.  2 wormeaten.
             ЬЬworminess n.

   worn      past part. of WEAR(1).  --adj.  1 damaged by use or wear.  2
             looking tired and exhausted.  3 (in full well-worn) (of a joke
             etc.) stale; often heard.

   worriment n.  esp.  US 1 the act of worrying or state of being worried.  2
             a cause of worry.

   worrisome adj.  causing or apt to cause worry or distress.  ЬЬworrisomely

   worrit    n.  colloq.  = WORRY.  [orig. alt. in general use of WORRY]

   worry     v. & n.  --v.  (-ies, -ied) 1 intr. give way to anxiety or
             unease; allow one's mind to dwell on difficulty or troubles.  2
             tr. harass, importune; be a trouble or anxiety to.  3 tr.  a (of
             a dog etc.) shake or pull about with the teeth.  b attack
             repeatedly.  4 (as worried adj.) a uneasy, troubled in the mind.
             b suggesting worry (a worried look).  --n.  (pl.  -ies) 1 a
             thing that causes anxiety or disturbs a person's tranquillity.
             2 a disturbed state of mind; anxiety; a worried state.  3 a
             dog's worrying of its quarry.  Ьnot to worry colloq.  there is
             no need to worry.  worry along (or through) manage to advance by
             persistence in spite of obstacles.  worry beads a string of
             beads manipulated with the fingers to occupy or calm oneself.
             worry-guts (or -wart) colloq.  a person who habitually worries
             unduly.  worry oneself (usu. in neg.) take needless trouble.
             worry out obtain (the solution to a problem etc.) by dogged
             effort.  ЬЬworriedly adv.  worrier n.  worryingly adv.  [OE
             wyrgan strangle f. WG]

   worse     adj., adv., & n.  --adj.  1 more bad.  2 (predic.) in or into
             worse health or a worse condition (is getting worse; is none the
             worse for it).  --adv. more badly or more ill.  --n.  1 a worse
             thing or things (you might do worse than accept).  2 (prec. by
             the) a worse condition (a change for the worse).  Ьnone the
             worse (often foll. by for) not adversely affected (by).  or
             worse or as an even worse alternative.  the worse for drink
             fairly drunk.  the worse for wear 1 damaged by use.  2 injured.
             worse luck see LUCK.  worse off in a worse (esp. financial)
             position.  [OE wyrsa, wiersa f. Gmc]

   worsen    v.tr. & intr.  make or become worse.

   worship   n. & v.  --n.  1 a homage or reverence paid to a deity, esp. in
             a formal service.  b the acts, rites, or ceremonies of worship.
             2 adoration or devotion comparable to religious homage shown
             towards a person or principle (the worship of wealth; regarded
             them with worship in their eyes).  3 archaic worthiness, merit;
             recognition given or due to these; honour and respect.  --v.
             (worshipped, worshipping; US worshiped, worshiping) 1 tr. adore
             as divine; honour with religious rites.  2 tr. idolize or regard
             with adoration (worships the ground she walks on).  3 intr.
             attend public worship.  4 intr. be full of adoration.  ЬYour (or
             His or Her) Worship esp.  Brit.  a title of respect used to or
             of a mayor, certain magistrates, etc.  ЬЬworshipper n.  (US
             worshiper).  [OE weorthscipe (as WORTH, -SHIP)]

             adj.  1 (usu.  Worshipful) Brit. a title given to justices of
             the peace and to certain old companies or their officers etc.  2
             archaic entitled to honour or respect.  3 archaic imbued with a
             spirit of veneration.  ЬЬworshipfully adv.  worshipfulness n.

   worst     adj., adv., n., & v.  --adj. most bad.  --adv. most badly.  --n.
             the worst part, event, circumstance, or possibility (the worst
             of the storm is over; prepare for the worst).  --v.tr. get the
             better of; defeat, outdo.  Ьat its etc. worst in the worst
             state.  at worst (or the worst) in the worst possible case.  do
             your worst an expression of defiance.  get (or have) the worst
             of it be defeated.  if the worst comes to the worst if the worst
             happens.  [OE wierresta, wyrresta (adj.), wyrst, wyrrest (adv.),
             f. Gmc]

   worsted   n.  1 a fine smooth yarn spun from combed long staple wool.  2
             fabric made from this.  [Worste(a)d in S. England]

   wort      n.  1 archaic (except in names) a plant or herb (liverwort; St
             John's wort).  2 the infusion of malt which after fermentation
             becomes beer.  [OE wyrt: rel. to ROOT(1)]

   worth     adj. & n.  --predic.adj. (governing a noun like a preposition) 1
             of a value equivalent to (is worth њ50; is worth very little).
             2 such as to justify or repay; deserving; bringing compensation
             for (worth doing; not worth the trouble).  3 possessing or
             having property amounting to (is worth a million pounds).  --n.
             1 what a person or thing is worth; the (usu. specified) merit of
             (of great worth; persons of worth).  2 the equivalent of money
             in a commodity (ten pounds' worth of petrol).  Ьfor all one is
             worth colloq.  with one's utmost efforts; without reserve.  for
             what it is worth without a guarantee of its truth or value.
             worth it colloq.  worth the time or effort spent.  worth one's
             salt see SALT.  worth while (or one's while) see WHILE.  [OE

   worthless adj.  without value or merit.  ЬЬworthlessly adv.  worthlessness

             adj.  that is worth the time or effort spent; of value or
             importance.  ЬЬworthwhileness n.

   worthy    adj. & n.  --adj.  (worthier, worthiest) 1 estimable; having
             some moral worth; deserving respect (lived a worthy life).  2
             (of a person) entitled to (esp. condescending) recognition (a
             worthy old couple).  3 a (foll. by of or to + infin.) deserving
             (worthy of a mention; worthy to be remembered).  b (foll. by of)
             adequate or suitable to the dignity etc. of (in words worthy of
             the occasion).  --n.  (pl.  -ies) 1 a worthy person.  2 a person
             of some distinction.  3 joc. a person.  ЬЬworthily adv.
             worthiness n.  [ME wurthi etc. f.  WORTH]

   -worthy   comb. form forming adjectives meaning: 1 deserving of
             (blameworthy; noteworthy).  2 suitable or fit for (newsworthy;

   wot       see WIT(2).

   wotcher   int.  Brit.  sl.  a form of casual greeting.  [corrupt. of what

   would     v.aux.  (3rd sing.  would) past of WILL(1), used esp.: 1 (in the
             2nd and 3rd persons, and often in the 1st: see SHOULD).  a in
             reported speech (he said he would be home by evening).  b to
             express the conditional mood (they would have been killed if
             they had gone).  2 to express habitual action (would wait for
             her every evening).  3 to express a question or polite request
             (would they like it?; would you come in, please?).  4 to express
             probability (I guess she would be over fifty by now).  5 (foll.
             by that + clause) literary to express a wish (would that you
             were here).  6 to express consent (they would not help).
             Ьwould-be often derog.  desiring or aspiring to be (a would-be
             politician).  [OE wolde, past of wyllan: see WILL(1)]

   wouldn't  contr.  would not.  ЬI wouldn't know colloq.  (as is to be
             expected) I do not know.

   wouldst   archaic 2nd sing. past of WOULD.

   Woulfe bottle
             n.  Chem.  a jar with more than one neck, used for passing a gas
             through a liquid etc.  [P.  Woulfe, Engl. chemist d. 1803]

   wound(1)  n. & v.  --n.  1 an injury done to living tissue by a cut or
             blow etc., esp.  beyond the cutting or piercing of the skin.  2
             an injury to a person's reputation or a pain inflicted on a
             person's feelings.  3 poet. the pangs of love.  --v.tr. inflict
             a wound on (wounded soldiers; wounded feelings).  ЬЬwoundingly
             adv.  woundless adj.  [OE wund (n.), wundian (v.)]

   wound(2)  past and past part. of WIND(2) (cf.  WIND(1) v.  6).

   woundwort n.  any of various plants esp. of the genus Stachys, formerly
             supposed to have healing properties.

   wove(1)   past of WEAVE(1).

   wove(2)   adj.  (of paper) made on a wire-gauze mesh and so having a
             uniform unlined surface.  [var. of woven, past part. of

   woven     past part. of WEAVE(1).

   wow(1)    int., n., & v.  --int. expressing astonishment or admiration.
             --n.  sl. a sensational success.  --v.tr.  sl. impress or excite
             greatly.  [orig. Sc.: imit.]

   wow(2)    n.  a slow pitch-fluctuation in sound-reproduction, perceptible
             in long notes.  [imit.]

   wowser    n.  Austral.  sl.  1 a puritanical fanatic.  2 a spoilsport.  3
             a teetotaller.  [20th c.: orig. uncert.]

11.0 WP...

   WP        abbr.  word processor or processing.

   w.p.      abbr.  weather permitting.

   w.p.b.    abbr.  waste-paper basket.

   WPC       abbr.  (in the UK) woman police constable.

   w.p.m.    abbr.  words per minute.

12.0 WRAC...

   WRAC      abbr.  (in the UK) Women's Royal Army Corps.

   wrack     n.  1 seaweed cast up or growing on the shore.  2 destruction.
             3 a wreck or wreckage.  4 = RACK(2).  5 = RACK(5).  [ME f. MDu.
             wrak or MLG wra(c)k, a parallel formation to OE wr‘c, rel. to
             wrecan WREAK: cf.  WRECK, RACK(5)]

   WRAF      abbr.  (in the UK) Women's Royal Air Force.

             var. of RAGGLE-TAGGLE.

   wraith    n.  1 a ghost or apparition.  2 the spectral appearance of a
             living person supposed to portend that person's death.
             ЬЬwraithlike adj.  [16th-c. Sc.: orig. unkn.]

   wrangle   n. & v.  --n. a noisy argument, altercation, or dispute.  --v.
             1 intr. engage in a wrangle.  2 tr.  US herd (cattle).  [ME,
             prob. f. LG or Du.: cf. LG wrangelen, frequent. of wrangen to
             struggle, rel. to WRING]

   wrangler  n.  1 a person who wrangles.  2 US a cowboy.  3 (at Cambridge
             University) a person placed in the first class of the
             mathematical tripos.

   wrap      v. & n.  --v.tr.  (wrapped, wrapping) 1 (often foll. by up)
             envelop in folded or soft encircling material (wrap it up in
             paper; wrap up a parcel).  2 (foll. by round, about) arrange or
             draw (a pliant covering) round (a person) (wrapped the scarf
             closer around me).  3 (foll. by round) sl. crash (a vehicle)
             into a stationary object.  --n.  1 a shawl or scarf or other
             such addition to clothing; a wrapper.  2 esp.  US material used
             for wrapping.  Ьtake the wraps off disclose.  under wraps in
             secrecy.  wrap-over adj. (attrib.) (of a garment) having no seam
             at one side but wrapped around the body and fastened.  --n. such
             a garment.  wrapped up in engrossed or absorbed in.  wrap up 1
             finish off, bring to completion (wrapped up the deal in two
             days).  2 put on warm clothes (mind you wrap up well).  3 (in
             imper.) sl. be quiet.  [ME: orig. unkn.]

             adj. & n.  (also wrapround) --adj.  1 (esp. of clothing)
             designed to wrap round.  2 curving or extending round at the
             edges.  --n. anything that wraps round.

   wrappage  n.  a wrapping or wrappings.

   wrapper   n.  1 a cover for a sweet, chocolate, etc.  2 a cover enclosing
             a newspaper or similar packet for posting.  3 a paper cover of a
             book, usu. detachable.  4 a loose enveloping robe or gown.  5 a
             tobacco-leaf of superior quality enclosing a cigar.

   wrapping  n.  (esp. in pl.) material used to wrap; wraps, wrappers.
             Ьwrapping paper strong or decorative paper for wrapping parcels.

   wrapround var. of WRAPAROUND.

   wrasse    n.  any bright-coloured marine fish of the family Labridae with
             thick lips and strong teeth.  [Corn.  wrach, var. of gwrach, =
             Welsh gwrach, lit. 'old woman']

   wrath     n.  literary extreme anger.  [OE wr‘ththu f.  wrath WROTH]

   wrathful  adj.  literary extremely angry.  ЬЬwrathfully adv.  wrathfulness

   wrathy    adj.  US = WRATHFUL.

   wreak     v.tr.  1 (usu. foll. by upon) give play or satisfaction to; put
             in operation (vengeance or one's anger etc.).  2 cause (damage
             etc.) (the hurricane wreaked havoc on the crops).  3 archaic
             avenge (a wrong or wronged person).  ЬЬwreaker n.  [OE wrecan
             drive, avenge, etc., f. Gmc: cf.  WRACK, WRECK, WRETCH]

   wreath    n.  (pl.  wreaths) 1 flowers or leaves fastened in a ring esp.
             as an ornament for a person's head or a building or for laying
             on a grave etc. as a mark of honour or respect.  2 a a similar
             ring of soft twisted material such as silk.  b Heraldry a
             representation of this below a crest.  3 a carved representation
             of a wreath.  4 (foll. by of) a curl or ring of smoke or cloud.
             5 a light drifting mass of snow etc.  [OE writha f. weak grade
             of writhan WRITHE]

   wreathe   v.  1 tr. encircle as, with, or like a wreath.  2 tr. (foll. by
             round) put (one's arms etc.) round (a person etc.).  3 intr. (of
             smoke etc.) move in the shape of wreaths.  4 tr. form (flowers,
             silk, etc.) into a wreath.  5 tr. make (a garland).  [partly
             back-form. f. archaic wrethen past part. of WRITHE; partly f.

   wreck     n. & v.  --n.  1 the destruction or disablement esp. of a ship.
             2 a ship that has suffered a wreck (the shores are strewn with
             wrecks).  3 a greatly damaged or disabled building, thing, or
             person (had become a physical and mental wreck).  4 (foll. by
             of) a wretched remnant or disorganized set of remains.  5 Law
             goods etc. cast up by the sea.  --v.  1 tr. cause the wreck of
             (a ship etc.).  2 tr. completely ruin (hopes, chances, etc.).  3
             intr. suffer a wreck.  4 tr. (as wrecked adj.) involved in a
             shipwreck (wrecked sailors).  5 intr.  US deal with wrecked
             vehicles etc.  Ьwreck-master an officer appointed to take charge
             of goods etc. cast up from a wrecked ship.  [ME f. AF wrec etc.
             (cf.  VAREC) f. a Gmc root meaning 'to drive': cf.  WREAK]

   wreckage  n.  1 wrecked material.  2 the remnants of a wreck.  3 the
             action or process of wrecking.

   wrecker   n.  1 a person or thing that wrecks or destroys.  2 esp.  hist.
             a person on the shore who tries to bring about a shipwreck in
             order to plunder or profit by the wreckage.  3 esp.  US a person
             employed in demolition, or in recovering a wrecked ship or its
             contents.  4 US a person who breaks up damaged vehicles for
             spares and scrap.  5 US a vehicle or train used in recovering a
             damaged one.

   Wren      n.  (in the UK) a member of the Women's Royal Naval Service.
             [orig. in pl., f. abbr. WRNS]

   wren      n.  any small usu. brown short-winged songbird of the family
             Troglodytidae, esp.  Troglodytes troglodytes of Europe, having
             an erect tail.  [OE wrenna, rel. to OHG wrendo, wrendilo, Icel.

   wrench    n. & v.  --n.  1 a violent twist or oblique pull or act of
             tearing off.  2 an adjustable tool like a spanner for gripping
             and turning nuts etc.  3 an instance of painful uprooting or
             parting (leaving home was a great wrench).  4 Physics a
             combination of a couple with the force along its axis.  --v.tr.
             1 twist or pull violently round or sideways.  2 (often foll. by
             off, away, etc.) pull off with a wrench.  3 distort (facts) to
             suit a theory etc.  [(earlier as verb:) OE wrencan twist]

   wrest     v. & n.  --v.tr.  1 force or wrench away from a person's grasp.
             2 (foll. by from) obtain by effort or with difficulty.  3
             distort into accordance with one's interests or views (wrest the
             law to suit themselves).  --n.  archaic a key for tuning a harp
             or piano etc.  Ьwrest-block (or -plank) the part of a piano or
             harpsichord holding the wrest-pins.  wrest-pin each of the pins
             to which the strings of a piano or harpsichord are attached.
             [OE wr‘stan f. Gmc, rel. to WRIST]

   wrestle   n. & v.  --n.  1 a contest in which two opponents grapple and
             try to throw each other to the ground esp. as an athletic sport
             under a code of rules.  2 a hard struggle.  --v.  1 intr. (often
             foll. by with) take part in a wrestle.  2 tr. fight (a person)
             in a wrestle (wrestled his opponent to the ground).  3 intr.  a
             (foll. by with, against) struggle, contend.  b (foll. by with)
             do one's utmost to deal with (a task, difficulty, etc.).  4 tr.
             move with efforts as if wrestling.  ЬЬwrestler n.  wrestling n.
             [OE (unrecorded) wr‘stlian: cf. MLG wrostelen, OE wraxlian]

   wretch    n.  1 an unfortunate or pitiable person.  2 (often as a playful
             term of depreciation) a reprehensible or contemptible person.
             [OE wrecca f. Gmc]

   wretched  adj.  (wretcheder, wretchedest) 1 unhappy or miserable.  2 of
             bad quality or no merit; contemptible.  3 unsatisfactory or
             displeasing.  Ьfeel wretched 1 be unwell.  2 be much
             embarrassed.  ЬЬwretchedly adv.  wretchedness n.  [ME, irreg. f.
             WRETCH + -ED(1): cf.  WICKED]

   wrick     Brit.  var. of RICK(2).

   wriggle   v. & n.  --v.  1 intr. (of a worm etc.) twist or turn its body
             with short writhing movements.  2 intr. (of a person or animal)
             make wriggling motions.  3 tr. & intr. (foll. by along etc.)
             move or go in this way (wriggled into the corner; wriggled his
             hand into the hole).  4 tr. make (one's way) by wriggling.  5
             intr. practise evasion.  --n. an act of wriggling.  Ьwriggle out
             of colloq.  avoid on a contrived pretext.  ЬЬwriggler n.
             wriggly adj.  [ME f. MLG wriggelen frequent. of wriggen]

   wright    n.  a maker or builder (usu. in comb.: playwright; shipwright).
             [OE wryhta, wyrhta f. WG: cf.  WORK]

   wring     v. & n.  --v.tr.  (past and past part.  wrung) 1 a squeeze
             tightly.  b (often foll. by out) squeeze and twist esp. to
             remove liquid.  2 twist forcibly; break by twisting.  3 distress
             or torture.  4 extract by squeezing.  5 (foll. by out, from)
             obtain by pressure or importunity; extort.  --n. an act of
             wringing; a squeeze.  Ьwring a person's hand clasp it forcibly
             or press it with emotion.  wring one's hands clasp them as a
             gesture of great distress.  wring the neck of kill (a chicken
             etc.) by twisting its neck.  [OE wringan, rel. to WRONG]

   wringer   n.  a device for wringing water from washed clothes etc.

   wringing  adj. (in full wringing wet) so wet that water can be wrung out.

   wrinkle   n. & v.  --n.  1 a slight crease or depression in the skin such
             as is produced by age.  2 a similar mark in another flexible
             surface.  3 colloq. a useful tip or clever expedient.  --v.  1
             tr. make wrinkles in.  2 intr. form wrinkles; become marked with
             wrinkles.  [orig. repr. OE gewrinclod sinuous]

   wrinkly   adj. & n.  --adj.  (wrinklier, wrinkliest) having many wrinkles.
             --n.  (also wrinklie) (pl.  -ies) sl.  offens. an old or
             middle-aged person.

   wrist     n.  1 the part connecting the hand with the forearm.  2 the
             corresponding part in an animal.  3 the part of a garment
             covering the wrist.  4 a (in full wrist-work) the act or
             practice of working the hand without moving the arm.  b the
             effect got in fencing, ball games, sleight of hand, etc., by
             this.  5 (in full wrist-pin) Mech. a stud projecting from a
             crank etc. as an attachment for a connecting-rod.  Ьwrist-drop
             the inability to extend the hand through paralysis of the
             forearm muscles.  wrist-watch a small watch worn on a strap
             round the wrist.  [OE f. Gmc, prob. f. a root rel. to WRITHE]

   wristband n.  a band forming or concealing the end of a shirt-sleeve; a

   wristlet  n.  a band or ring worn on the wrist to strengthen or guard it
             or as an ornament, bracelet, handcuff, etc.

   wristy    adj.  (esp. of a shot in cricket, tennis, etc.)  involving or
             characterized by movement of the wrist.

   writ(1)   n.  1 a form of written command in the name of a sovereign,
             court, State, etc., to act or abstain from acting in some way.
             2 a Crown document summoning a peer to Parliament or ordering
             the election of a member or members of Parliament.  Ьserve a
             writ on deliver a writ to (a person).  one's writ runs one has
             authority (as specified).  [OE (as WRITE)]

   writ(2)   archaic past part. of WRITE.  Ьwrit large in magnified or
             emphasized form.

   write     v.  (past wrote; past part.  written) 1 intr. mark paper or some
             other surface by means of a pen, pencil, etc., with symbols,
             letters, or words.  2 tr. form or mark (such symbols etc.).  3
             tr. form or mark the symbols that represent or constitute (a
             word or sentence, or a document etc.).  4 tr. fill or complete
             (a sheet, cheque, etc.) with writing.  5 tr. put (data) into a
             computer store.  6 tr. (esp. in passive) indicate (a quality or
             condition) by one's or its appearance (guilt was written on his
             face).  7 tr. compose (a text, article, novel, etc.) for written
             or printed reproduction or publication; put into literary etc.
             form and set down in writing.  8 intr. be engaged in composing a
             text, article, etc. (writes for the local newspaper).  9 intr.
             (foll. by to) write and send a letter (to a recipient).  10 tr.
             US or colloq. write and send a letter to (a person) (wrote him
             last week).  11 tr. convey (news, information, etc.) by letter
             (wrote that they would arrive next Friday).  12 tr. state in
             written or printed form (it is written that).  13 tr. cause to
             be recorded.  14 tr. underwrite (an insurance policy).  15 tr.
             (foll. by into, out of) include or exclude (a character or
             episode) in a story by suitable changes of the text.  16 tr.
             archaic describe in writing.  Ьnothing to write home about
             colloq.  of little interest or value.  write down 1 record or
             take note of in writing.  2 write as if for those considered
             inferior.  3 disparage in writing.  4 reduce the nominal value
             of (stock, goods, etc.).  write in 1 send a suggestion, query,
             etc., in writing to an organization, esp. a broadcasting
             station.  2 US add (an extra name) on a list of candidates when
             voting.  write-in n.  US an instance of writing in (see write in
             2).  write off 1 write and send a letter.  2 cancel the record
             of (a bad debt etc.); acknowledge the loss of or failure to
             recover (an asset).  3 damage (a vehicle etc.) so badly that it
             cannot be repaired.  4 compose with facility.  write-off n.  a
             thing written off, esp. a vehicle too badly damaged to be
             repaired.  write out 1 write in full or in finished form.  2
             exhaust (oneself) by writing (have written myself out).  write
             up 1 write a full account of.  2 praise in writing.  3 make
             entries to bring (a diary etc.) up to date.  write-up n.
             colloq.  a written or published account, a review.  ЬЬwritable
             adj.  [OE writan scratch, score, write, f. Gmc: orig. used of
             symbols inscribed with sharp tools on stone or wood]

   writer    n.  1 a person who writes or has written something.  2 a person
             who writes books; an author.  3 a clerk, esp. in the Navy or in
             government offices.  4 a scribe.  Ьwriter's cramp a muscular
             spasm due to excessive writing.  Writer to the Signet a Scottish
             solicitor conducting cases in the Court of Session.  [OE writere
             (as WRITE)]

   writhe    v. & n.  --v.  1 intr. twist or roll oneself about in or as if
             in acute pain.  2 intr. suffer severe mental discomfort or
             embarrassment (writhed with shame; writhed at the thought of
             it).  3 tr. twist (one's body etc.) about.  --n. an act of
             writhing.  [OE writhan, rel. to WREATHE]

   writing   n.  1 a group or sequence of letters or symbols.  2 =
             HANDWRITING.  3 (usu. in pl.) a piece of literary work done; a
             book, article, etc.  4 (Writings) the Hagiographa.  Ьin writing
             in written form.  writing-desk a desk for writing at, esp. with
             compartments for papers etc.  the writing on the wall an
             ominously significant event etc. (see Dan. 5:5, 25-8).
             writing-pad a pad (see PAD(1) n.  2) of paper for writing on.
             writing-paper paper for writing (esp. letters) on.

   written   past part. of WRITE.

   WRNS      abbr.  (in the UK) Women's Royal Naval Service.

   wrong     adj., adv., n., & v.  --adj.  1 mistaken; not true; in error
             (gave a wrong answer; we were wrong to think that).  2
             unsuitable; less or least desirable (the wrong road; a wrong
             decision).  3 contrary to law or morality (it is wrong to
             steal).  4 amiss; out of order, in or into a bad or abnormal
             condition (something wrong with my heart; my watch has gone
             wrong).  --adv.  (usually placed last) in a wrong manner or
             direction; with an incorrect result (guessed wrong; told them
             wrong).  --n.  1 what is morally wrong; a wrong action.  2
             injustice; unjust action or treatment (suffer wrong).  --v.tr.
             1 treat unjustly; do wrong to.  2 mistakenly attribute bad
             motives to; discredit.  Ьdo wrong commit sin; transgress,
             offend.  do wrong to malign or mistreat (a person).  get in
             wrong with incur the dislike or disapproval of (a person).  get
             on the wrong side of fall into disfavour with.  get wrong 1
             misunderstand (a person, statement, etc.).  2 obtain an
             incorrect answer to.  get (or get hold of) the wrong end of the
             stick misunderstand completely.  go down the wrong way (of food)
             enter the windpipe instead of the gullet.  go wrong 1 take the
             wrong path.  2 stop functioning properly.  3 depart from
             virtuous or suitable behaviour.  in the wrong responsible for a
             quarrel, mistake, or offence.  on the wrong side of 1 out of
             favour with (a person).  2 somewhat more than (a stated age).
             wrong-foot colloq.  1 (in tennis, football, etc.) play so as to
             catch (an opponent) off balance.  2 disconcert; catch
             unprepared.  wrong-headed perverse and obstinate.
             wrong-headedly in a wrong-headed manner.  wrong-headedness the
             state of being wrong-headed.  wrong side the worse or undesired
             or unusable side of something, esp. fabric.  wrong side out
             inside out.  wrong way round in the opposite or reverse of the
             normal or desirable orientation or sequence etc.  ЬЬwronger n.
             wrongly adv.  wrongness n.  [OE wrang f. ON rangr awry, unjust,
             rel. to WRING]

   wrongdoer n.  a person who behaves immorally or illegally.  ЬЬwrongdoing

   wrongful  adj.  1 characterized by unfairness or injustice.  2 contrary to
             law.  3 (of a person) not entitled to the position etc.
             occupied.  ЬЬwrongfully adv.  wrongfulness n.

   wrong'un  n.  colloq.  a person of bad character.  [contr. of wrong one]

   wrote     past of WRITE.

   wroth     predic.adj.  archaic angry.  [OE wrath f. Gmc]

   wrought   archaic past and past part. of WORK.  --adj. (of metals) beaten
             out or shaped by hammering.  Ьwrought iron a tough malleable
             form of iron suitable for forging or rolling, not cast.

   wrung     past and past part. of WRING.

   WRVS      abbr.  (in the UK) Women's Royal Voluntary Service.

   wry       adj.  (wryer, wryest or wrier, wriest) 1 distorted or turned to
             one side.  2 (of a face or smile etc.) contorted in disgust,
             disappointment, or mockery.  3 (of humour) dry and mocking.
             ЬЬwryly adv.  wryness n.  [wry (v.) f. OE wrigian tend, incline,
             in ME deviate, swerve, contort]

   wryneck   n.  1 = TORTICOLLIS.  2 any bird of the genus Jynx of the
             woodpecker family, able to turn its head over its shoulder.

13.0 WSW

   WSW       abbr.  west-south-west.

14.0 wt.

   wt.       abbr.  weight.

15.0 Wu...

   Wu        n.  a dialect of Chinese spoken in the Kiangsu and Chekiang
             Provinces.  [Chin.]

             n.  colloq.  a person who achieves great success while
             relatively young.  [G f.  Wunder wonder + Kind child]

   wurst     n.  German or Austrian sausage.  [G]

16.0 WV...

   WV        abbr.  US West Virginia (in official postal use).

   W.Va.     abbr.  West Virginia.

17.0 WW

   WW        abbr.  US World War (I, II).

18.0 WX

   WX        abbr.  women's extra-large size.

19.0 WY...

   WY        abbr.  US Wyoming (in official postal use).

   wych-     comb. form (also wich-, witch-) in names of trees with pliant
             branches.  [OE wic(e) app. f. a Gmc root meaning 'bend': rel. to

             n.  an American plant, Fothergilla gardenii, with alder-like

   wych-elm  n.  a species of elm, Ulmus glabra.

             n.  1 var. of WITCH-HAZEL.  2 = WYCH-ELM.

             adj. & n.  --adj. of or concerning Winchester College.  --n. a
             past or present member of Winchester College.  [mod.L
             Wykehamista f. William of Wykeham, bishop of Winchester and
             founder of the college (d. 1404)]

   wyn       var. of WEN(2).

   wynd      n.  Sc.  a narrow street or alley.  [ME, app. f. the stem of

   Wyo.      abbr.  Wyoming.

   WYSIWYG   adj.  (also wysiwyg) Computing denoting the representation of
             text onscreen in a form exactly corresponding to its appearance
             on a printout.  [acronym of what you see is what you get]

   wyvern    n.  (also wivern) Heraldry a winged two-legged dragon with a
             barbed tail.  [ME wyver f. OF wivre, guivre f. L vipera: for -n
             cf.  BITTERN]


За малые деньги ремонт электродвигателей перемотка по выгодным ценам.