Сборники Художественной, Технической, Справочной, Английской, Нормативной, Исторической, и др. литературы.


:-) : Electronic smiles. Denoite humor or sarcasm.
;-) :  Wink. Denoite humor or sarcasm.
:-( : Electronic frown.
:'( : Cry.
:+) : Drunk.
:D : Laugh.
B) : Sunglasses.
:O : Surprise.
:I : Board.
:P : Sticking out tongue.
:* : Kiss.
:* <> : Kiss and hug.
->->>+ : Sending flowers.
:Q : Throwing up.
AD DOSeum   : The feeling you get when working with a misbehaving
             (or ridiculous) operating system.
AFK         : Away form keys.
Algorthymically Generated Self-Modifying Code:
             A program that rewrites itself while running.
Amigoid     : Nickname for dedicated Amiga Hackers.
Archival Backup:
             Software a Leech has borrowed.
Arthritis   : The infliction a mouse gets when its rollers are dirty.
B/Xen       : Nickname for people using B/X.
Balloonian variable:
             Any variable that doesn't do anything but is
             required to run the program.
BAT         : Back at terminal.
Baudbarf    : Any garbage characters sent across a terminal as a
             result of a disconnect. Usually seen when you logoff a
             system using a modem.
Bit Bucket  : This is where overwritten data goes.
Blitter     : Block transferor.
Bodysurf code:
             A subroutine written quickly in the heat of artistic
             inspiration, without benefit of flowcharts or deep
             thought. Like the activity, when actually performed,
             the result usually is a wipeout (o.g., a program crash)
             that results in the programmer eating sand.
Boilerplate : (adj,n, from newspaper publishing)
             A series of games in which the programmer obviously
             reused subroutines.
BRB         : Be right back.
BSW engineer: A sophisticated carbon-based machine designed to turn
             coffee into productivity software.
BTW         : By the way.
Bugfix      : A large patch or workaround.
Buglette(s) : A bug or bugs created plural as in "I created several
             buglettes when I fixed the problem.
Bulletproof : A program which is free of bugs.
C.A.T.S.(Commodore/Amiga Technical Support):
             A group of people with feline tendencies. They can be
             found in the far upper reaches of Commodore's West
             Chester facility. Their feline ability to see in the
             dark is especially valuable, as they tend to work well
             into the night casing bugs.
Cablelexia  : A condition that keeps you from being able to connect
             a cable into a computer. Symptoms: Usually you look at
             the connector several times, but still fail to get it
             in right.
Card        : An 8x8-pixel block on the Commodore hi-res graphics
             screen. The screen is composed of cards and each card
             occupies eight bytes in memory.
Cardinal ToolBox:
             When the Apple Macintosh appeared on the scene,
             admiration for its developers soon evaporated when it
             became apparent that their devotion to doing things
             the right way(i.e., The Macintosh Way) went far beyond
             the bounds of reason. The term Cardinal Toolbox refers
             to the Mac way of doing anything, and it's still used
             today whenever blind slavisyh devotion to the Mac
             rears its head. Example: "Q. Can we use a ficed-windth
             font in this window? A. No, Cardinal Toolbox wont't
             allow it." (Note: Cardinal Toolbox is also the name of
             a caracter who appears in Beyond Zork.)
CB          : Citizens band, chatline.
Charity Ware: Like shareware, but money goes to a charity.
Chicken Head: (also Chicken Lips)
             Nickname for Commodore Logo.
Cleesh      : In Enchanter, this spell can be used to turn a person
             into a newt, and it's not uncommon to hear an Imp say
             "Will someone please clessh the Marketoons?"
CP/M        : The operating system used by Jerry Pournelle.
Code     №  : The program.
Code     І  : To write a program.
Codehead    : A programmer capable of writing code in machine
Cosmic rays : The factor of the universe that gets worse when near
             computer RAM chips; frequently used as an explanation
             for bugs when talking with a non-technical manager.
Cracked     : When software is broken down by removing copy
             protection in order to make an archival backup.
Crash and Burn:
             When the computer undergoes a particularly
             phenomenal systems crash, generating aural and visual
             effects reminiscent of '60'ss psychedelia, that even
             a guru master couldn't duplicate on purpose.
Crunch Time : The final hours of coding (non-stop) in order to meet
             a deadline. Often involves forsaking sleep.
CULTR       : See you later.
Data structure:
             A group of related data.
Defensive programming:
             A method of programming that anticipates the worst
             of all scenarios ("if anythign can go wrong, it
             will") and combats this with overwhelming error
Delta Compression:
             A term used to describe a method of animation where
             each new "cell" or frame is described by its
             differences from the previous cell.
Derf        : See Fred.
Diration    : The time it takes for you to get a disk directory
Doc         : docs, dox The documentation for a program.
Doink    №  : General verb used to indicate some sort of programming
             Example: "I have to doink this routine before this
             section is finished."
Doink    І  : Used as a sign-off on memeos, e-mail, etc.
Dorked      : Destroyed or damaged. Differs from munged, which often
             implies that the damage was done for a purpose, whereas
             dorked implies that it was done by accident or through
             stupidity, as in "The machine is all dorked up."
Easter Egg  : Surprise message or picture hidden by the programmer
             and activated by less-than-obvious means.
Editits     : The mental confusion experienced by programmers who
             use more than three different text editors or word
             processors on a regular basis.
Export      : To store data in another program's format.
FAS         : For a second.
FAW         : For a while.
Fireworks   : A variety of spectacular displays produced by trashing
             the Amiga copper lists.
Flakey      : A descriptive term which helps QA (Quality Assurance)
             reproduce the exact problems you are experiencing.
Flame       : Electronic verbal assault. Often accentuated by CAPITAL
             LETTERS, punctuation!!!!!, and curses &%&*%%*&!!!!
Floormat    : What you feel like when you format a disk that you
             shouldn't have.
Foamware    : Program in bubble memeory.
Freak       : German expression for person whose main topic of
             conversation and interest is computer hacking.
             (Diminutive of Computer Freak.)
             (U.S. Equivalent: Propeller Head.)
Fred        : Most commonly-used name for testing on a computer due
             to proximity of letters on the keyboard.
             (Alternative: Derf)
Frob        : A word that can be substituted for any noun when the
             object in question has no name, the speaker cant't
             remember it, or the term is too long to bother saying.
             During the early days, for example, Infocom shared a
             photocopy machine with another company in the same
             building. To use it, an Infocom person had to get a
             little box (from the office manager) and insert it into
             the machine. This would activate the photocopier and
             count the number of copies made. Lacking any better
             name, this box was called the frob.
ga          : go ahead. (In chat mode, signals to other users that
             you're done typing.
Gadgethacker: Someone who likes to load and have running, many
             different "features" in an environment. For example,
             a clock, memory monitor, disk monitor, window shadow
             package, etc. The end result is an unusable Workbench.
Gameplay    : Enjoyability or fun/quantity of a game.
Geek-out    : What happens when a program crashes.
gF          : Girlfriend.
GFD         : Going for drink.
Glitz       : Screen gadgets and controls which are heavily
             decorated, or have an "eye candy" look.
Guncho      : It's the "Banish" spell in the Enchanter program that
             might be used this way in real life: "I worked late
             last night and gunchoed over fifty bugs."
Hack     №  : A piece of code or a program that is thrown together
             quickly to solve a problem, or any piece of code that
             is inelegant, but gets the job done. Often applies to
             some kind of "quick & dirty" fix for a bug. See kludge.
Hack     І  : To create a hack; show off.
Hork        : To borrow without returning.
             Started with Hypercard.
Iconitis    : The condition of an icondriven work environment when
             you can't find the icon you need.
ILY         : I love you.
I.M.H.O.(In My Humble Opinion):
             Used to denote prior remarks as personal opinion.
             Humorous after a pompous statement.
Imp         : Infocom game writers have always been referred to as
             "Implementers"- the debate rages on). After a while,
             the term was shortened to Imp, which then covered both
             their game-writing functions and prankish
             personalitites. Example: "Will this week's Imp lunch
             be held in the Imp suite, in the conference room, or
             at the expensive French restaurant in Harvard Square?"
Import      : To load another program's data.
Info        : A prefix that can be added to the beginning of any word
             to denote a connection with Infocom. When used
             correctly, the first letter after the prefix is always
             capitalized. Some examples: "Friday parties are a long
             standing InfoTradition." "Remember, Monday is an
             InfoHoliday." "InfoPrez Joel Berez is fond of using
             InfoMemos to pass along Infolnfo."
             Incidentally, Infocom's underground employee newspaper
             is called InfoDope.
IQY2        : I like you too.

Kludge   №  : A clever programming trick. Often the term kludge is
             applied to a piece of code that achieves results
             through some obscure trick rather than through a clear
             algorithm. A kludge is usually more respected than a
Kludge   І  : An inelegant way of making a particular section of
             program code work. Often used to avoid restructuring
             large portions of previously-working code.
Kludge   і  : Quick-fix by using bad code.
Lamer       : Someone who copies software, end user only. Avoids WB
             and hates DOS.
Lebler      : Someone who wanders around aimlessly, waiting for his
             game to be compiled. Mid-afternoon is a good time to
             see "cheerful" Dave Lebling lebling around the hallways
             or kitchen. A topnotch lebler is always seen nursing a
             cup of coffee. Example: "Yes, I just saw him__he was
             lebling over near Tim's office." While no one can hope
             to leble as well as Dave, virtually everyone who has to
             compile ends up lebling at one point during the day.
Leech       : A non-reciprocating borrower of software.
Listpacker  : Another name for a Lisp Hacker.
LOL         : Laughing out loud.
Logic Bug   : You can tlprt to lab in demon-mode & use time mach.
             to escape Nova. Move t.m. to next century and
             rearrange Nova ints. as follows--(what follows is an
             unreadable complex of boxes and arrows).
Mainline    : Any part of a program that is not interrupt code.
Manq        : from the Italian, to mangle. What happens when the
             programmers, in fixing a code module and saving it,
             accidentally overwrite a portion of the program that
             was not responsible for the crash in the first place.
Megs        : Megabytes.
Memeater    : As in, "It's a memeater program." Any program that
             doesn't free memory allocations, thus slowly consuming
             free system memory.
MIPS        : Millions of instuctions per second.
Mugger      : A user who priates using only commercial software preset
             to automatically copy a specific program.
             Two or more computers performing tasks concurrently.
             Allows you to do twice as much work at half the speed.
Munge       : To destory, convolute, obfuscate or render unusable,
             source code, object code, or program data, as in "I
             munged the file."
MYK         : Minimize Your Keystrokes
Neuronet    : GBrain simulator.
No-Bozo routine:
             A subroutine that contains little error checking and
             expects a specific (usually compшicated) setof parameters,
             and is therefore not for the inecxperienced programmer or
             weak of heart.
Not doing well:
             What you say when you have a bug.
Nuke        : Slang for deleted or commented out, as in "I nuked these
             two lines."
Ogre-Dokey  : Origin Systems specific analog to "OK" (ref.Ogre).
Optimize    : Make a program or subroutine smaller, faster and more
OTF         : On the floor (as in laughing).
OTW         : On the way.
Over-the-Transom: (adj, from book publishiing)
             An unsolicited computer game submission. Most companies
             frown on reviewing games without executing the proper
Paraquat debugger:
             Method of solving the bugs by destroying the environment
             (typically a diskette, source code, etc.).
Parserspeak : The practice (at Infocom) of using the responses from
             Infocom's interactive fiction parser in normal coversa-
             tion. Here's an example from a recent Imps' Lunch: Stu:
             Steve, comma, pass me that bonbon. Steve: Which bon-bon
             do you mean, the yummy fresh bon-bon or the crufty
             melted bon-bon? Stu: Yummy.
Patch №     : A temporary fix to a problem in asmall portion of code.
             Often patches become permanent (Also see kludge).
Patch І     : Usually a small piece of code desinged to correct a bug
             or provide a needed feature.
Piece of (-):
             An over-used Activision term taced on the front of any
             noun, as in "This piece of computer is broken" or "Pull
             up a piece of chair"
Pixel Sort  : A compression routine where all the pixels are sorted by
             color, counted and reduced to a single number. (The de-
             compression routine is left as an exercise for the user!
Platform    : Generic term for computer.
Poof        : The universal disclaimer. Roughly translates to "This is
             how it is, unless, of course, it's not".
Power-geek  : A programmer.
Printef     : (usually printeffing or printeffed), Using the C language
             PRINTF function to debug C programs. Usage: "I printeffed
             everything I could, but I still can't find the bug."
Printereia  : Any garbage characters that get dumped to the printer
             when you turn it on or off,or exit or enter an editor.
Prop-head   : A programmer (Diminutive of Propeller Head).
             Any of the two-byte xzero-page variables used in GEOS and
             GEOS applications to pass parameteers and retain results.
             The GEOS registers are labeled rO tshrough r15. The
             application registers are labeled aO through a15.

REHI        : Hello again.
ROFL        : Rolling on floor laughing.
R.S.N.      : (Real Soon Now) That's when you'll see something that's
             already six months late.
R.T.F.M.    : Please Read the Manual. ;-)
RAMmy       : Condition caused by overindulgence in personal multi-
             Symptoms include refusal of patient to access additional
             brain cells, all tasks put to sleep and Guru Meditation
             messages flashing before the eyes.
             Most prevalent on Friday afternoons when the boss has
             been in the office all weekends without the presence of
             phones or computers.
Rip Out     : Delete parts of (a program).
ROMable     : Code that may be placed in ROM (or EPROM, etc.). ROMable
             code cannot be self-modifying.
Rose Bug    : When a Gamestar emplyee encounters a bug, it is sometimes
             called a Rose Bug. The group started using this term
             after working with Pete Rose on the Pennant Fever
Runaway task: What causes an Amiga program to geek-out.
Scrogged    : When data is unretrievable, especially on a disk. "The
             disk is scrogged."
Self-modifying code:
             A portion of a program that, as part of its normal course
             of operations, modifies itself to realixe an increase in
             performance or a decrease in memory space. Extremely
             prone to bugs, selfmodifying code is viewed as a
             necessary evil and should be used in moderation.
SIP         : Self-inflicxted problem.
Skew, Slew  : To push or rotate slightly. Occurs in programming
             anything to represent three-dimensional objects on a two-
             dimensional plane. Usage: "This plane would look better
             if that wing were slewed over a bit. "
             Note; that the word skew also describes an object that is
             out of proportion or otherwise incorrectly drawn:
             "That B-17 is so skewed it looks like a dachshund with
Slushamatic : A game which contains far more than the user has any
             right to expect. Frequently, this comes from a designer/
             programmer who knows that a machine such as the Commodore
             64 can execute code as fast as any other home computer if
             it is well written. An extreme usage of the word is super
Snotpit     : May I have the pleasure of buying you lunch?
Spaghetti code:
             A program or routine with a confusing, nonlinear and
             nonsensical organization, often exhibited by beginning
             programmers and lazy hackers.
Splat       : To update a portion of the screen as fast as possible.
Sugartime   : The time it takes to compile any large file.
Table Top Publishing:
             A step below Desktop Publishing.
Tardyware   : Software that is released considerably later than
             expected or forecast (contrast with Vaporware below).
             A programmer or hardware desingner.
That's Nice, I like it:
             What you say when someone else has a bug.
The tomorrow problem:
             Any problem that is insignificant compared to the amount
             of sleep that you need immediately.
Toast       : Any burned-up hardware.
Tricked out : Software which has had many features added over its
             original design to enhance its marketability
             (attributed to Jim Steinert).
Trivial Bug : There shouldn't be a hyphen in "Dimly-lit".
TRON        : TRON desk accessory, TRON printer driver. A GEOS
             application, desk accessory or printer driver whose sole
             purpose in life is supreme nastiness; used by BSW in
             alpha-test procedures to ensure that products are as
             bullet-proof as possible. The TRON desk accessory, for
             example, will trash global variables, muck with sprites,
             erase the screens and otherwise attempt to kill the
             calling application (it does, however, operate within
             the standard GEOS conventions-it just pushes them to the
Turing tap-pit:
             The low-end machine's equivalent of entropy. The point
             where a program becomes so complex that every operation
             takes slightly less than an eternity to complete.
             A feared reality when dealing with limited memory and
             processing speed (such as on the Commodore 64). (A
             one-bit Turing machine can emulate even the fastest, most
             complex computer because the formal manipulataion of
             symbols will be the same at any level. In theory, there
             is nothing a Cray XM-P can compute that a 64 cannot.
             It's just that what the Cray can do in three seconds
             might take a 64 three years.
Tweak №     : The last fine adjustment. To fine-tune a program by
             adding features, recompiling the code and removing small
             bugs and annoyances. Tweaking occurs only at the end of
             a project and is used only when the feature modifies no
             more than 25 % of the program.
Tweak І     : Fine adjustment.
Tweening    : Interpolation of animation cells.
Twiddle №   : Synonym for tilde (-). John Wedgwood, author of geoFile,
             only recently discovered that the symbol is in fact
             called a tilde and not a twiddle.
Twiddle І   : To manipulate or alter the state of, as in "twiddle a
             bit". (See also Bit-twiddler.)
Uncle Parser: The name Imps have given to the special version of the
             parser, used in Introductory level games like Seastalker.
             It is extremely userfriendly, and the responses never
             include multi-syllabic words.
Undocumented feature:
             A positiveacting bug.
User-hostile: Self-explanatory.
Vaporware   : Software that is advertised heavily, but never appears.
Vector pipeline processing:
             Functiontagging of data objects resulting from data
             normalization and procedure vectorization.
Virtual     : False, fake. (i.e., virtual memory, virtual screen).
VLIR (Variable Length Indexed Record):
             A GEOS-specific file type composed of up to 127 records
             of varying length and an index table. The index table
             contains pointers to the first disk block of each record.
Wally       : Name given to person asking questions of a very
             fundamental nature. (e.g., Wally: I can't save my data.
             Customer support: Did you format your disk? Wally:
             What's "format"?
Weekend     : The time when you work on your own programs; not
             necessarily a Saturday or Sunday.
Wimp interface:
             An acronym for Window, Icons, Mouse and Pulldowns.
Wizard      : Since much of what Infocom does is steeped in the
             fantasy genre, many terms from our own and other
             companies' fantasy games have crept into the InfoLingo:
             For example, it is common to refer to any expert as a
             "Wizard." Example: "I have to speak to one of the wizards
             about this parser bug."
Wodge       : This word entered the InfoVocabulary while Douglas Adams
             and Steve Meretzky were collaborating on Hitchhiker's
             Guide to the Galaxy. After an initial trip to Massa-
             chusetts, Douglas did most fo his work in England,
             sending material to Steve via electronic mail. After a
             long period without any new material, Douglas said, "I
             worked for three solid days, and I'm sending over a huge
             wodge of stuff". Wodge quickly caught on as a term
             meaning a great deal of work, or more generally, a large
             amount of anything.
"Y"Code     : Brian Fargo tells me that most of the people at
             Interplay Prouctions program in C, but one person does
             things in a very unusual manner (especially when he's
             tired). They claim this individual programs in Y.
Zombieware  : Product that have been previously announced, both
             publicly and in catalogs, but will not be released due
             to circumstances beyond the company's control. (Also see

Reformatted by: Inge Vabekk.