Сборники Художественной, Технической, Справочной, Английской, Нормативной, Исторической, и др. литературы.

оказание юридических услуг от Московской коллегии адвокатов



        WHEREAS  recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and
   inalienable  rights  of  all  members  of  the  human  family  is  the
   foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,
        WHEREAS  disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in
   barbarous acts  which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the
   advent of a world  in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech
   and belief  and freedom from fear  and want has been proclaimed as the
   highest aspiration of the common people,
        WHEREAS  it is essential,  if man  is not to be compelled to have
   recourse,   as  a  last  resort,  to  rebellion  against  tyranny  and
   oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law,
        WHEREAS  in is essential  to promote  the development of friendly
   relations between nations,
        WHEREAS  the peoples  of the United Nations  have in  the Charter
   reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and
   worth of human person  and in the equal rights  of men  and women  and
   have determined  to promote  social progress  and better  standards of
   life in larger freedom,
        WHEREAS  Member  States  have  pledged themselves  to achieve, in
   cooperation  with  the  United  Nations,  the promotion  of  universal
   respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms,
        WHEREAS a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of
   the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge,

            NOW, THEREFORE,  THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,  proclaims

   of achievement  for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every
   individual  and  every  organ  of society,  keeping  this  Declaration
   constantly in mind,  shall strive by teaching and education to promote
   respect  for these rights  and freedoms  and by progressive  measures,
   national  and international,  to secure their universal  and effective
   recognition  and observance,  both among the peoples  of Member States
   themselves   and  among   the  peoples   of  territories  under  their

                            ARTICLE  1.
        All  human beings  are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
   They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one
   another in a spirit of brotherhood.

                            ARTICLE  2.
        1. Everyone is entitled to  all the rights and freedoms set forth
   in this  Declaration,  without distinction of any kind,  such as race,
   colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion,  national
   or social origin, property, birth or other status.

        2. Furthermore,  no distinction shall be made on the basis of the
   political,  jurisdictional  or  international status of the country or
   territory  to which  a person belongs,  whether this  territory  be an
   independent, Trust,  Non-Self-Governing  territory, or under any other
   limitation of sovereignty.

                            ARTICLE  3.
         Everyone  has the right  to life,  liberty  and  the security of

                            ARTICLE  4.
        No one shall  be held in slavery  or servitude;  slavery  and the
   slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

                            ARTICLE  5.
        No one shall  be subjected  to torture  or to cruel,  inhuman  or
   degrading treatment or punishment.

                            ARTICLE  6.
        Everyone  has the right  to recognition  everywhere  as a  person
   before the law.

                            ARTICLE  7.
        All  are equal  before  the law  and  are  entitled  without  any
   discrimination  to equal  protection  of the law.  All are entitled to
   equal  protection  against  any  discrimination  in violation  of this
   Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

                            ARTICLE  8.
        Everyone  has  the right  to an effective remedy by the competent
   national  tribunals  for acts violating the fundamental rights granted
   him by the constitution or law.

                            ARTICLE  9.
        No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

                            ARTICLE  10.
        Everyone  is  entitled  in full  equality  to  a fair  and public
   hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination
   of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.

                            ARTICLE  11.
        1. Everyone  charged  with  a penal  offence  has the right to be
   presumed  innocent  until proved  guilty according to law in  a public
   trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.

        2. No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of
   any act  or omission  which did not constitute  a penal offence, under
   national  or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor
   shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at
   the time the penal offence was committed.

                            ARTICLE  12.
        No one shall  be subjected  to arbitrary  interference  with  his
   privacy,  family,  home  or  correspondence,  nor to attacks  upon his
   honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the
   law against such interference or attacks.

                            ARTICLE  13.
        1. Everyone  has the right  to freedom  of movement and residence
   within the borders of each State.

        2. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own,
   and to return to his country.

                            ARTICLE  14.
        1. Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries
   asylum from persecution.

        2. This right  may not  be invoked  in the  case  of prosecutions
   genuinely  arising from  non-political crimes or from acts contrary to
   the purposes and principles of United Nations.

                            ARTICLE  15.
        1. Everyone has the right to a nationality.

        2. No one shall  be arbitrarily  deprived  of his nationality nor
   denied the right to change his nationality.

                            ARTICLE  16.
        1. Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race,
   nationality  or religion,  have  the right  to marry  and  to found  a
   family.  They  are entitled  to equal  rights  as to marriage,  during
   marriage and at its dissolution.

        2. Marriage  shall  be entered  into only  with the free and full
   consent of the intending spouses.

        3. The family  is  the  natural  and fundamental  group  unit  of
   society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

                            ARTICLE  17.
        1. Everyone  has the right  to own property  alone as well  as in
   association with others.

        2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

                            ARTICLE  18.
        Everyone  has the right  to freedom  of thought,  conscience  and
   religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief,
   and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or
   private,  to manifest  his religion  or belief  in teaching, practice,
   worship and observance.

                            ARTICLE  19.
        Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this
   right  includes freedom  to hold opinions  without interference and to
   seek, receive  and impart information  and ideas througt any media and
   regardless of frontiers.

                            ARTICLE  20.
        1. Everyone  has the right  to freedom  of peaceful assembly  and

        2. No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

                            ARTICLE  21.
        1. Everyone  has the right  to take part in the government of his
   country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.

        2. Everyone  has the right  of equal access  to public service in
   his country.

        3. The will  of the people shall be the basis of the authority of
   government;  this  will shall  be expressed  in periodic  and  genuine
   elections  which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be
   held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

                            ARTICLE  22.
        Everyone,  as  a  member  of  society,  has  the  right to social
   security  and is entitled to realization,  through national effort and
   international cooperation  and in accordance with the organization and
   resources  of each State,  of the economic, social and cultural rights
   indispensable  for  his  dignity  and  the free  development   of  his

                            ARTICLE  23.
        1. Everyone  has the right to work, to free choice of employment,
   to just  and favourable  conditions  of work and to protection against

        2. Everyone,  without  any discrimination, has the right to equal
   pay for equal work.

        3. Everyone  who  works  has  the right  to just  and  favourable
   remuneration  insuring  for himself and his family an existence worthy
   of human dignity,  and supplemented,  if necessary,  by other means of
   social protection.

        4. Everyone  has the right  to form  and to join trade unions for
   the protection of his interests.

                            ARTICLE  24.
        Everyone  has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable
   limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

                            ARTICLE  25.
        1. Everyone  has the right to  a standard of living  adequate for
   the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food,
   clothing, housing  and medical care and necessary social services, and
   the  right  to  security   in  the  event  of  unemployment,  sickness,
   disability,  widowhood,  old  age  or  other  lack  of  livelihood  in
   circumstances beyond his control.

        2. Motherhood  and  childhood  are  entitled  to special care and
   assistance.  All children,  whether born  in or out of wedlock,  shall
   enjoy the same social protection.

                            ARTICLE  26.
        1. Everyone  has the right to education. Education shall be free,
   at  least  in  the  elementary  and  fundamental  stages.   Elementary
   education shall  be compulsory.  Technical  and professional education
   shall  be  made  generally  available  and higher  education  shall be
   equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.

        2. Education  shall  be directed  to the  full development of the
   human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights
   and  fundamental freedoms.  It shall promote  understanding, tolerance
   and  friendship among  all nations,  racial  or religious groups,  and
   shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance
   of peace.

        3. Parents  have a prior  right  to choose  the kind of education
   that shall be given to their children.

                            ARTICLE  27.
        1. Everyone  has the right freely  to participate in the cultural
   life  of the community,  to enjoy the arts  and to share in scientific
   advancement and its benefits.

        2. Everyone  has  the right  to the protection  of the moral  and
   material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic
   production of which he is the author.

                            ARTICLE  28.
        Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which
   the rights  and freedoms  set forth  in this Declaration  can be fully

                            ARTICLE  29.
        1. Everyone has duties to the  community in which alone  the free
   and full development of his personality is possible.

        2. In  the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be
   subject only  to such limitations  as are determined by law solely for
   purpose  of securing  due recognition  and respect  for the rights and
   freedoms  of others  and of meeting the just requirements of morality,
   public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.

        3. These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary
   to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

                            ARTICLE  30.
        Nothing  in this  Declaration may  be interpreted as implying for
   any State,  group or person  any right to engage in any activity or to
   perform  any act  aimed  at the destruction  of any of the rights  and
   freedoms set forth herein.

Яндекс цитирования